Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: Iscomparability with Europe possible?   Kate Amore, Michael Bake...
New Zealand?    European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSIO...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
Homelessness is culturally invisible in New Zealand                                                       - John May, 2003...
NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable fo...
NZ                    Living situations                ETHOS LIGHT             ETHOS                                   Liv...
People in                                      Point in time countsinstitutions                                   Confla...
Uninhabitablehousing        Legally tenured=               housing without                adequate amenitieshomeless*    ...
NZ                    Living situations                ETHOS LIGHT             ETHOS                               Living ...
Scrutiny of domains of home                                                                                        Habitab...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
Domains contributing to                                               homelessness and housing                            ...
NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable fo...
‘Due to lack of housing’                                                                             European Research Co...
Translating ‘no options’ /‘due to lack of housing’    Necessary to take out people living in     temporary situations for...
Summary People in institutions are not homeless People in uninhabitable housing are   homeless (if they are also poor) ...
Conclusions   3 major challenges for international discussion   Logic and validity should be central to the    measureme...
www.healthyhousing.org.nz      European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010  UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND...
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Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?

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Presentation given by Kate Amore, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?

  1. 1. Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: Iscomparability with Europe possible? Kate Amore, Michael Baker, Helen Viggers, Philippa Howden-Chapman Housing & Health Research Programme Department of Public Health University of Otago, Wellington European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  2. 2. New Zealand? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  3. 3. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  4. 4. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  5. 5. Homelessness is culturally invisible in New Zealand - John May, 2003 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  6. 6. NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable for permanent habitation by NZ norms and;2. Have no options to acquire safe and secure private accommodation. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  7. 7. NZ Living situations ETHOS LIGHT ETHOS Living rough Living rough ROOFLESS Without accommodation Non-conventional Improvised dwelling INADEQUATE dwelling Emergency Night shelter ROOFLESS accommodation Non-profit accommodation for the homeless Accommodation for the HOUSELESS homeless Women’s refuge Temporary accommodation Communal commercial accommodation Temporary HOUSELESS (eg. boarding houses) accommodation Non-conventional Camping ground / motor camp INADEQUATE dwelling Temporary Marae HOUSELESS accommodation Sharing Conventional housing Staying with family or friends INSECURE accommodation with family or friends Uninhabitable housing Legally tenured housing without adequate amenities N/A N/A  N/A Health care and penal institutions Institutions HOUSELESS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  8. 8. People in  Point in time countsinstitutions  Conflation of ‘actual’ and ‘at risk’≠ populationshomeless  Individual life courses cannot be reflected at a single point in time European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  9. 9. Uninhabitablehousing  Legally tenured= housing without adequate amenitieshomeless*  Adequate amenities is defined by U.N. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  10. 10. NZ Living situations ETHOS LIGHT ETHOS Living rough Living rough ROOFLESS Withoutaccommodation Non-conventional Improvised dwelling INADEQUATE dwelling Emergency Night shelter ROOFLESS accommodation Non-profit accommodation for the homeless Accommodation for the HOUSELESS homeless Women’s refuge Temporaryaccommodation Communal commercial accommodation Temporary HOUSELESS (eg. boarding houses) accommodation Non-conventional Camping ground / motor camp INADEQUATE dwelling Temporary Marae HOUSELESS accommodation Sharing Conventional housing Staying with family or friends INSECUREaccommodation with family or friendsUninhabitable Legally tenured housing without N/A N/A housing adequate amenities N/A Health care and penal institutions Institutions HOUSELESS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  11. 11. Scrutiny of domains of home HabitabilitySecurityoftenure Privacy Edgar,2009 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  12. 12. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  13. 13. Domains contributing to homelessness and housing exclusion Security of Habitability Privacy tenure habitation categories Without shelter    Temporary place of Temporary    accommodation Sharing    accommodation Uninhabitable    housingexclusion Crowdingcategory Housing (e.g. one family    with many children) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  14. 14. NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable for permanent habitation by NZ norms and;2. Have no options to acquire safe and secure private accommodation. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  15. 15. ‘Due to lack of housing’  European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  16. 16. Translating ‘no options’ /‘due to lack of housing’  Necessary to take out people living in temporary situations for other reasons  Indicator of deprivation  Best available indicator is income (Census data)  Poverty line is most defensible threshold European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  17. 17. Summary People in institutions are not homeless People in uninhabitable housing are homeless (if they are also poor) Another indicator – deprivation (income poverty) – is required to identify the homeless population in Census data European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  18. 18. Conclusions 3 major challenges for international discussion Logic and validity should be central to the measurement of homelessness This discussion is important if homelessness is to become a key international social indicator European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  19. 19. www.healthyhousing.org.nz European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT

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