Housing exclusion of the  elderly in Slovenia       Maša Filipovič Hrast,       University of Ljubljana     Faculty of Soc...
Social and Housing exclusion   Social exclusion is a blend of multidimensional and mutually reinforcing process of depriv...
   Housing exclusion dimension as developed in the    ETHOS concept:    -           European Research Conference, Budapes...
Housing exclusion of the elderly   Elderly in Slovenia predominantly owners (without    mortgage) - secure housing tenure...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN            ...
At risk of poverty rate by age                  Age                             2005   2006    2007    2008               ...
At-risk-of poverty rate by household type                                            2005   2006   2007   2008Total       ...
   Housing exclusion of elderly:     Lack of basic amenities (indoor flush toilet,      bath/shower), higher among older...
At risk of poverty rate by tenure                                             2005   2006   2007   2008                   ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN            ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN            ...
Graph 1: Share of persons without indor flush toliet by age (Slovenia, 2005)Source: Stropnik et al., 2010.        European...
Graph 2: Share of persons without indoor bathroom or shower by age (Slovenia 2005)Source: Stropnik et al., 2010 European R...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN            ...
Qualitative research   Qualitative reasearch in 2009       of poor elderly people and their coping        strategies    ...
   Housing situation as ‘source’ of exclusion     Problem of size of dwelling     Problem of age of dwelling (need of  ...
Results of analysis   Housing as part of coping strategies:       Passive strategy of coping          Limiting expenses...
   Housing as part of coping strategies:       Active strategy of coping          Sharing a house (with family members)...
Conclusions   Housing as a resource to prevent social exclusion       Possible also use of housing as an asset to reduce...
References   Vleminckx, K, Berghman, J. (2001): Social exclusion and the welfare state. In Mayes,    D.G., Berghman, J., ...
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Housing Exclusion of the Elderly in Slovenia

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Presentation given by Maša Filipovič Hrast, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)
  • Housing Exclusion of the Elderly in Slovenia

    1. 1. Housing exclusion of the elderly in Slovenia Maša Filipovič Hrast, University of Ljubljana Faculty of Social Sciences European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    2. 2. Social and Housing exclusion Social exclusion is a blend of multidimensional and mutually reinforcing process of deprivation, associated with a progressive dissociation from social milieus, resulting in the isolation of individuals and groups from the mainstream of opportunities society has to offer (Vleminckx and Berghman 2001) Characteristic: S i m u l t a n i u s e x c l u s i o n f r o m d i f European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 f e UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR r THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT e n
    3. 3.  Housing exclusion dimension as developed in the ETHOS concept: - European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    4. 4. Housing exclusion of the elderly Elderly in Slovenia predominantly owners (without mortgage) - secure housing tenure However:  High shares of at-risk-of poverty among elderly  Particularly vulnerable elderly single women Consequences: possible housing exclusion of elderly  Low income does not enable upkeep of dwelling; ownership as burden; unfit housing situations;  Elderly in rental sector European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    5. 5. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    6. 6. At risk of poverty rate by age Age 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 12,1 11,7 11,5 12,3 65+ 20,4 20 19,4 21,3 0-15 11,9 11,8 11,7 11,5 16-64 10,4 9,8 9,8 10,5 Source: SURS, 2010.Material deprivation by age 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 14,7 14,5 14,3 16,9 0-17 13,6 12,4 12,7 13,9 18-64 14,2 14,1 13,9 16,9 65+ 18,6 18,5 18,4 20,5Vir: SURS, 2010 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    7. 7. At-risk-of poverty rate by household type 2005 2006 2007 2008Total 12,1 11,7 11,5 12,3Households without children 15,6 14,9 14,5 15,8Single 44,1 42,5 39,4 41,9single, male 35,1 37,9 33 37,3Single, female 48,5 44,7 42,6 44,3single 65 + 44,8 45 43,8 47,2single 65 +, male 26 34,5 25,5 23single 65 +, female 48,8 47,1 47,1 51,4Couple without children, under 65 11,8 12,5 12,6 11,2Couple without children, 65 + 12,1 12,4 12,3 15,3Households with children 9,9 9,3 9,5 9,9Single parent households 21,4 22,1 28,6 28,8Source: SURS, 2010. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    8. 8.  Housing exclusion of elderly:  Lack of basic amenities (indoor flush toilet, bath/shower), higher among older, in particular those aged 75+  Housing costs present a higher share of income among 65+  Very high at-risk-of poverty rate among older renters European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    9. 9. At risk of poverty rate by tenure 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total 12,1 11,7 11,5 12,3 Total Owner or user 10,8 11,1 10,4 11,4 Rent 25,7 21,9 25,7 25,2 Total 11,9 11,5 11,3 11,6 0-17 Owner or user 9,7 10,8 10 10,2 Rent 29,1 21,8 24,7 26,7 Total 10,4 9,8 9,8 10,5 18-64 Owner or user 8,9 9,1 8,7 9,6 Rent 24,1 20,4 24 21,7 Total 20,4 20 19,4 21,3 65+ Owner or user 19,8 19,5 18,4 20,3 Rent 29,5 32,3 40,6 49,4Source: SURS, 2010. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    10. 10. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    11. 11. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    12. 12. Graph 1: Share of persons without indor flush toliet by age (Slovenia, 2005)Source: Stropnik et al., 2010. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    13. 13. Graph 2: Share of persons without indoor bathroom or shower by age (Slovenia 2005)Source: Stropnik et al., 2010 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    14. 14. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    15. 15. Qualitative research Qualitative reasearch in 2009  of poor elderly people and their coping strategies  Role of housing – as a coping strategy and as a dimension of exclusion  30 in-depth interviews with vulnerable elderly people  Project Poverty and material deprivation of elderly, financed by Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Affairs and Slovene Research Agency European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    16. 16.  Housing situation as ‘source’ of exclusion  Problem of size of dwelling  Problem of age of dwelling (need of renovation)  Problem of high housing costs  Problem of location of dwelling  distance from infrastracture, transport...  also source of inclusion (community help)! European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    17. 17. Results of analysis Housing as part of coping strategies:  Passive strategy of coping  Limiting expenses (e.g. warming only one room in house, ...)  Limiting repears (e.g. Not repearing leaking roof),  Limiting investments (e.g. not renovating old bathroom) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    18. 18.  Housing as part of coping strategies:  Active strategy of coping  Sharing a house (with family members)  Sharing housing expenses with family members  self-provision (e.g. collecting wood in forrest for heating) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    19. 19. Conclusions Housing as a resource to prevent social exclusion  Possible also use of housing as an asset to reduce exclusion (e.g. through moving, change of dwelling, ...) or other means (policies of changing ownership to ‘renting’ status)- Not found, limitations of research Housing exclusion as a ‘choice’ to prevent social exclusion in other areas? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    20. 20. References Vleminckx, K, Berghman, J. (2001): Social exclusion and the welfare state. In Mayes, D.G., Berghman, J., Salais, R. (eds): Social exclusion and European Policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Stropnik, N (ur.), Kump, N, Filipovič Hrast, M, Hlebec, V, Vezovnik A and , Kavčič M (2010): Revščina in materialna deprivacija starejšega prebivalstva. (Poverty and material deprivation of elderly population) Ljubljana: Inštitut za ekonomska raziskovanja. SURS - Statistični urad RS (2010): Statistični portal SI-STAT: Kazalniki dohodka in revščine. Dostopno preko http://www.stat.si/pxweb/Database/Dem_soc/08_zivljenjska_raven/08627_EU_SILC/08627_ , 14. 7. 2010. European Commission. Eurostat. The social situation in the European Union 2009. Luxembourg. Publications office of EU 2010. Hlebec, V., Kavčič, M., Filipovič Hrast M., Vezovnik, A., Trbanc, M. (forthcomming): Samo da bo denar in zdravje: življenje starih revnih ljudi (Only that there will be mony and health: Life of poor elderly) Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences Eurobarometer (2010): Report. Poverty and Social exclusion. February 2010. Special Eurobarometer 321. DG Employment. Brussels: TNS Opinion and Social. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT

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