Transitional Homelessness – Homelessness in Transition in Eastern Europe

429 views

Published on

Presentation given by Bill Edgar at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
429
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)
  • Transitional Homelessness – Homelessness in Transition in Eastern Europe

    1. 1. HOMELESSNESS INTRANSITION IN EASTERN EUROPE Bill Edgar European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    2. 2. Outline of Presentation Post Socialist / Accession Welfare Regime(s) Homelessness in Eastern Europe Civil Society The State The Market New Welfare Regime and Homelessness EU Issues European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    3. 3. Post Socialist / Post Accession New Welfare Regime(s) CIVIL SOCIETY NGO INFORMAL FAMILY ECONOMY WELFARE FINANCIAL POLICY STRUCTURAL STRESS TRANSITION TO MARKET ECONOMY STATE MARKET PRIVATE INTERESTS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    4. 4. Elements in the new welfare regimes (After Hegedus, 2009) STATE  Weak Government  Capacity of public sector  Political democracy (wobbly pillar) MARKET  Dominance of private interests  Informal economy a constraint on efficient welfare programs CIVIL SOCIETY  Limited role of donor agencies / NGOs  Role of Family – weak(ening) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    5. 5. HOMELESSNESS IN EASTERN EUROPE Structural Changes of Transition  Increased vulnerability of marginalised groups in all transition countries Structural Causes  BUT perception is individual rough sleeping Specific Issues (more than in EU-15)  Roma  Restitution  Children European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    6. 6. MPHASIS Strategic Co-ordination  Weak in all countries Profile  Data poor; structural causes important  Perception / Definition still rough sleeping State Provision  Limited in scale and form NGO Role  Importance varies (Czech, Hungary, Slovenia)  Lacks capacity and stable funding  Impact of EU and non-national NGOs European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    7. 7. CIVIL SOCIETY ISSUES NGO Sector  Capacity (Hradecký; Salomon)  Influence “whispering at the back door” Regulation and Service Quality  Too prescriptive ? – allow innovation  Professionalisation / Social Work Training  Accommodation standards, forms of provision  Funding – level, decentralisation, donor Re-familialised countries (Hantrais, 2004)  Poland (private) – Czech (mixed) – Hungary (public) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    8. 8. THE STATE REGULATION AND FUNDING  Strong regulation but weaker inspection  Limited Funding – Decentralisation issues  Limited state role in provision / purchaser-provider Structural Housing Issues  Public - Stock, allocation  Private – Finance impacts Institutional Issues  Children / care discharge  Prisoners European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    9. 9. Market Privatisation of State Sector  Weak allocation framework / access  Institutional / legal structure Emerging Housing Finance Systems  Different institutional solutions (embryonic)  High borrowing in foreign currencies  Housing costs and income / affordability Restitution – creating private rental sector  Diversity in legal enforcement and regulation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    10. 10. Diversity in Service Provision (After Hantrais) CzechD SlovakiaE HungaryCO SloveniaMMODIFI EstoniaE Latvia PolandD Lithuania Romania Bulgaria DE-FAMILIALISED European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    11. 11. New Welfare Regime Observatory  Conservative post-socialist (Central Europe)  Liberal post-socialist (Baltic) Hegedus  Mixed – Hybrid regime  Liberal – Mediterranean – South American Pressures  Fiscal Pressure  Role of Family  Labour Market weaknesses / informal economy  Housing market weaknesses European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    12. 12. Implications for Homelessness Scale and Profile  Increase in number and type (chronic, repeat)  More families, young, women State Role  Lack of co-ordination continuing  Purchaser-provider nexus not changing Services  Limited in geographical coverage and form  Quality limited by funding problems and reduction of EU role European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    13. 13. EU ISSUES Ethos / Measuring Homelessness  Recognise non-conventional dwellings issue  Over-crowding and inadequate housing  Indicators adopted in July 2009  Role of Census 2011 Quality Issues  Structural Housing problems  Service Quality and Developing Capacity Build Research Capacity – target research European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT

    ×