From Crisis Accommodation to Permanent Housing?

646 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Real Estate
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
646
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
223
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

From Crisis Accommodation to Permanent Housing?

  1. 1. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 From Crisis Accomodation to Permanent Housing Sanna Sunikka, Simo Granat and Agnes Stenius- Ayoade, Department of Social Services and Health Care, City of Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 • Background – Homelessness and Housing solutions in Helsinki • Hietaniemenkatu service centre • How does ”Housing first”- principle work in Hietaniemenkati service centre – the preliminary results of a thesis in progress
  3. 3. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Definition of Homeless in Finland Homeless people are classified in groups in a yearly report carried out by the Housing Finance and Development Centre (ARA), as people living: • Outdoors, in a staircase, in an overnight shelter etc. • In a dormitory or tourist accommodation • Staying in different types of institutions (hospital, rehab etc.), with no housing unit • Temporarily with relatives and friends
  4. 4. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 The Number of Homeless in Finland and Helsinki 2012 Finland Helsinki Residents 5,4 million 603,854 Single homeless 7848 4100 Out of whom - Women 1893 1150 - Under 25s 2049 1100 - Immigrants 1550 1150 Number of homeless families 446 300
  5. 5. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Source: ARA, The homeless people 2012, report 1/2013 Homeless Over Time in Finland 1987-2012
  6. 6. Housing Solutions for Homeless in Helsinki 1971-2012 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1971 1975 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Supported housing units Support homes Places in small housing units Places in boarding houses run by private service providers
  7. 7. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Hietaniemenkatu Service Centre Provides: • The only remaining shelter in Helsinki City • Temporary lodging and daycentre • Emergency housing service • Temporary housing service • Free breakfast and affordable meals • Hygiene services • Services of social workers and • Services of nurses and physician • Assistance in finding permanent housing and care • Aims at decreasing long-term homelessness Photo: Hugo Bes
  8. 8. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Health Care Services in Hietaniemenkatu Service Centre • Two nurses and two part time physician • Primary Health Care clinic for clients of the centre • Walk in clinic 7.30am -3pm. • Acute cases, preventive work and Screening and treatment for chronic diseases and follow-up Photo: Hugo Bes
  9. 9. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Health Care Services in Hietaniemenkatu Service Centre • Aims at reaching those patients who don’t use the normal services available • The focus is often on the somatic health (non-psychiatric problems) Photo: Hugo Bes
  10. 10. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Main Symptoms at Doctor’s Appointment 0 % 5 % 10 % 15 % 20 % 25 % Gynecology and urology Oftalmalogy Neurology Gastroenterology Musculotoskeletal system Psychiatry incl. Substance abuse Injuries and accidents Respiratory tract, ear, nose and throat Cardiology, circulation, internal medicine Skin
  11. 11. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 - How does ”Housing First” work in Hietaniemenkatu Service Centre • Qualitative case study • Data • The social service client register of all homeless who slept in Hietaniemenkatu service centre during one selected night in November 2009 • A cross – section of 109 individuals • The register has been analysed from the first entry to December 2011- March 2012 (About 1500 pages) 29.5.2013 11
  12. 12. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Study questions: 1. Based on the client register, what kind of clients sleeping in Hietaniemenkatu service centre on the selected night? 2. Based on the client register, what services has Hietaniemenkatu service centre provided for the clients? 3. How does the housing situation change after sleeping in Hietaniemenkatu service centre? 29.5.2013 12
  13. 13. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 201329.5.2013 13 Housing Pathways in The Service Centre: Where From and Where To
  14. 14. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 How Many Still Lived in The Arranged Housing Solution 2 Years Later? Were never housed ( i.e. died, clearly no need, didn’t want to) 20 Still lives in the arranged housing solution 47 The service level has been increased (i.e. from supported housing to service housing) 12 The service level has been decreased (i.e. from service housing to Hietaniemenkatu, from supported housing to small unit housing) 15 Other (i.e. died after housing, moved away from Helsinki, moved withing the same unit) 11 29.5.2013 14
  15. 15. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Conclusions • The queues are long – clients becomes long-term homeless while waiting • Previously the homeless toured from shelter to shelter, nowadays the same phenomenon can be observed in housing units and service houses • Independent housing solutions are not available, the clients move to strongly supported housing units • The health services play a significant role in arranging appropriate housing solutions 29.5.2013 15
  16. 16. Photo: Hugo Bes

×