Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa by Dr Annor-Frempong- FARA

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Framing AR4D's contribution to achievement of CAADP's vision

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Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa by Dr Annor-Frempong- FARA

  1. 1. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Framing AR4D’s contribution to achievement of CAADP’s vision: Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa (S3A) Dr Irene Annor-Frempong FARA Presentation at the AR4D Consultative Round Table pre-10th CAADP PP, Durban
  2. 2. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 2 1. Why Africa needs a Science Agenda 2. Achievement of the AR4D system 3. Process and content of the Science Agenda 4. Institutional arrangements for implementing the Science Agenda 5. How AR4D stakeholders must be organized 6. Conclusions Outline
  3. 3. Why a science agenda now?
  4. 4. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 4 – Produce more food on less land, water, chemicals, waste, GHGs – Produce safer, healthier more nutritious foods 1. Higher expectations from agriculture in a more challenging environment Frontiers of S & T and opportunities Nanotechnology has estimated global market $ 2.5 trillion in 2015 with promising applications for food security • Improve precision farming through nanotech-based sensors and monitoring systems • Provide efficient delivery system for water, nutrients and pesticides • Provide smart food packaging system
  5. 5. Strategic Thrust Strengthening & aligning Institutions, Policies & Leadership Knowledge & Knowledge Support Financing & Investments in Agriculture Knowledge, Information and Skills (KIS) Agriculture Science Agenda Agriculture Education and Training ICT in Agricultural Transformation 2. Recommitment to CAADP—sustaining the CAADP momentum and Science Agenda as a tool to deliver Wealth Creation Job Opportunities and Food Security Economic Growth Resilience Impact Outcomes Strategic Thrust Strengthening & aligning Institutions, Policies & Leadership Knowledge & Knowledge Support Financing & Investments in Agriculture Land and Water Research& Knowledge Food & Nutrition Security Markets, Private Sector CAADP Pillars
  6. 6. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 6 • Trajectory of economic growth in Africa  more domestic resources available • Increased external investments including CGIAR reforms • Post-food price crisis era:  greater awareness of the strategic importance of domestic / regional food supply  Increased profitability of the sector 3. Stage set for increased investment in agriculture, agro-industry
  7. 7. Status of research and science capacity in Africa
  8. 8. Global Knowledge Production 8 Global Inequalities in production of scientific knowledge Worldmapper: Countries re-sized according research output
  9. 9. Output of World Scientific Research Papers Indexed in Web of Science (2013 ) 9 Africa 2% S.Korea 4% China 16% USA 26% Rest of World 52% Africa 2% S. Korea 6% China 30% USA 17% Rest of World 45% Nanotechnology
  10. 10. Achievements of the AR4D system in Africa under CAADP
  11. 11. 1. Strengthened AR4D institutions and architecture NARIs FARA SROs Education Extension Private Sector Policy Producers (RECS) (Governments) (AUC & NPCA) (ANAFE) (AFAAS) (RUFORUM)
  12. 12. 12 Click to edit Master title style 3/20/2014 12Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 2. Increased regional coherence and coordination for AR4D in Africa • CAADP • CGIAR reforms • Agricultural productivity Programmes (WAAPP, EAPP, APSA) • Increased recognition of agriculture in national priorities • New Alliance – prioritising food security • Learning and knowledge sharing platforms
  13. 13. Small-holder farmers Rural technicians and artisans Extension workers Entrepreneurs, traders, processors, Policy makers, scientists, researchers, managers Generation of knowledge and technologies Disseminatio n Adoption Capacities & Actors 3. Enhanced capacity for innovation in agriculture SCARDA SABIMA DONATA UNIBRAIN FARA Interventions IAR4D&IFAT RAILS eCapacities
  14. 14. 14 Click to edit Master title style 3/20/2014 14Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 4. Reform of AR4D institutions and services Support to CAADP country processes – FAAP – CAADP Pillar IV Strategy and Operational Plan – Support to CAADP Country Teams and RECs
  15. 15. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 15 • Response to Maputo Declaration of 10% contribution of national budgets to agriculture • Increased coordination of investments – Multi-donor trust funds •In SSA, CGIAR is 12% of total ARD public investment but receives 2/3 of all donor support to AR4D 5. Increased investments for AR4D in Africa
  16. 16. 16 Click to edit Master title style 3/20/2014 16Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 6. Increased African leadership and ownership for effective implementation of African development agendas The Science Agenda builds on: • Principles of ownership and leadership • Past achievements and experiences • AUC’s Human Resource, Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa (STISA) • NEPAD’s Science & Technology Consolidated Plan of Action (CPA) • SPAAR-FARA’s Vision for African Agricultural Research • Other think pieces: IAC (Inter- Academy Council), IAASTD International Assessment of Agricultural S&Tfor Development)
  17. 17. Methodology and Process - “Accra Consensus”
  18. 18. 1. Development of methodology by FARA, TAG [Jan –Mar, 2013] o framing and scoping 2. Discussion Paper prepared by the Expert Panel [June ] – E- consultations – Face-to-face consultations; Science week, regional & continental consultations 3. 3. Zero Draft and first draft [September 2013] 4. Consultations hosted by SROs, FARA & CGIAR [Oct, Nov] 5. Synthesis paper [November] 6. 2nd draft of Science Agenda [November] 7. Review by FARA Board, a final round of revisions & a communication strategy 8. Final Draft for submission to AUC [February 2014]; 9. CAAPD PP, Ministerial meeting, 10. Launch by AU Heads of State [Jun/Jul 2014] 11. Development of an implementation plan Process
  19. 19. – Technical Advisory Group (TAG) established to provide technical guidance – Institutional mechanisms established – Science Agenda Expert Panel orientation and Planning, Accra, March 2013 – Reflection and Planning meeting, Rome, 18th- 20th March, 2013 – Synthesis Team of the Expert Panel (STEP) Planning and Preparatory meeting, Dublin, 17th April, 2013 1. Framing and Scoping
  20. 20. Institutional Arrangements for Developing the S3A Expert Panel Oversight Group CAADP-CGIAR alignment Steering Committee
  21. 21. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 21 Oversight Group (OG) • Provides oversight • Builds stakeholder ownership Composition AUC, NPCA, FARA Sec, SROs, Education networks, AFAAS, PAFO, PanAAC, RECs, CGIAR Consortium, World Bank, IFAD Oversight Group & Expert Panel Expert Panel • 12 members • Provides technical advice to OG • Writes the S3A • Synthesis Team: commissioned to do the analysis & writing
  22. 22. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 22 1. Kanayo Nwanze (Chair/ Champion) 2. Geoffrey Mrema (co-Chair) 3. Yusuf Abubakar, ARC, Nigeria 4. Siwa Msangi, IFPRI 5. Ndéye Coumba Fall 6. Pierre Fabre, CIRAD, France 7. Nairobi, CGIAR Consortium Board 8. Lance O’Brien, TEAGASC, Ireland Composition of Expert Panel (EP) Synthesis Team of the EP (STEP) 9. Yihenew Zewdie 10. Mandi Rukuni 11. Gabrielle Persley 12. Howard Elliot
  23. 23. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 23 Main elements of the Science Agenda
  24. 24. The breadth of science, meaningful engagements between disciplines & effective transfer of outcomes of science to end users It provides: What the Science Agenda is about 1. African decision-makers with the rationale for increased investments in science for Agriculture 3. The case for strengthening synergies in AR4D at all levels 2. The rationale for effective engagement of tertiary agricultural educational institutions with agricultural research systems & CAADP 4. A framework for measuring the impact and returns from agricultural innovations
  25. 25. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 25 “By 2030 Africa ensures its food and nutrition security; becomes a recognised global scientific player in agriculture and food systems and the world’s bread-basket” Vision resonates with Agenda 2024 (STISA) and 2063 of the AU In the short- to -medium-term, the Science Agenda will advance CAADP’s targets under the Sustaining the CAADP Momentum strategy production, productivity, competitiveness and regional integration. Vision for Science in African Agriculture
  26. 26. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 26 Categories 1. Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2. Food systems and value chains 3. Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4. Mega trends and challenges for agriculture in Africa Themes Cross cutting themes 1. Sustainable intensification, 2. Modern genetics and genomics 3. Foresight capabilities,
  27. 27. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 27 Categories 1. Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2. Food systems and value chains 3. Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4. Mega trends and challenges for agriculture in Africa Themes • Crop improvement and crop protection • Livestock breeds, health and feed • Aquatic and inland fisheries • Agro-forestry and forestry • Agricultural mechanization • Transforming production systems
  28. 28. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 28 Categories 1. Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2. Food systems and value chains 3. Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4. Mega trends and challenges for agriculture in Africa Themes • Food and nutritional security, food processing, safety and storage • Post-harvest handling, processing and storage
  29. 29. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 29 Categories 1. Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2. Food systems and value chains 3. Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4. Mega trends and challenges for agriculture in Africa Themes • Conserving and enhancement of biodiversity • Land and water resources and irrigation management
  30. 30. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 30 Categories 1. Sustainable productivity in major farming systems 2. Food systems and value chains 3. Agricultural biodiversity and natural resource management 4. Agricultural Mega trends, policy and institutional dimensions Themes • Climate change, variability adaptation and mitigation • Policy and institutional research, including market access and trade • Improving livelihoods of rural communities
  31. 31. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 31 1. Connect the components of the science for agriculture system – Thematic – Geographical scales – Among the various actors (science, policy, end users, intermediaries) 2. Ensure capacity at the national level – Sustaining a basic science capacity at the national level – Integrating higher agricultural education with research and extension Realising the Vision: Making it happen
  32. 32. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 32 3. Enhance supra-national collaboration and collective action (regional, continental and Global) – Regional centres of excellence – Facilitate mobility of people, knowledge and resources among African countries and beyond 4. Sustainable financing of the Science Agenda – Financing from domestic sources is the key Realising the Vision: Making it happen
  33. 33. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 33 5. African Solidarity in Science – Commitment to share benefits of discovery – African Solidarity in science Fund – Science honours (African Food Prize) – Science mobility – Engaging Africans in the diaspora. 6. Creating a favourable policy environment for science – legislative and regulatory environment – Strong commitment to women and youth – Managing the science-policy interface Realising the Vision: Making it happen
  34. 34. Institutional system for Implementing the Science Agenda
  35. 35. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 35 • Crafting more effective modalities of collaboration and solidarity in the next 5 years at national and regional levels • Planning for the various work-streams necessary for deploying the Science Agenda vision ahead of the AU Summit 2014 and beyond • Mobilizing AR4D stakeholders at all levels to embrace the Science Agenda and developing practical ways towards implementation and realizing the vision Institutional system for Implementing the Science Agenda
  36. 36. How the AR4D coalition will organise itself With partners through subsidiarity FARA SROs & sub regional thematic networks Extension Business National Institutions ? Education Policy Farmers National Institutions ? National Institutions ? CGIAR
  37. 37. 1. No society has transformed itself socially and economically without adequately leveraging the power of science, especially in the dominant sectors 2. Essential for Africa to mobilise science to drive its transformation agenda (demystify science) 3. Science for agriculture in Africa is too important to be outsourced. Africa’s leaders must take responsibility for expanding the role of science in society and economic development 4. The difference between this Science Agenda and others before it is Science Agenda process and its development has emphasized ownership and buy-in by African stakeholders 5. Sharpening the participation of the AR4D network in the operationalization particularly at country level is the key Conclusions
  38. 38. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Thank you www.fara-africa.org

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