Rapid deployment of high yielding and rust
resistant wheat varieties for achieving food
security in Ethiopia
Abebe Atilaw ...
1. Introduction
2. Highlights of the project
3. Approaches and achievements
4. Conclusion
Outline of the presentation
Introduction
 Wheat grown by a 5 Million HHs
 Area under wheat has shown
steady increase to a 2 M ha at
present
 Annual...
ተተተተተተተተተተተ
• ስስስ ስስስስስ ስ35-45% ስስስስስስ12-250C ስስስስ ስስስ ስ
ስስስ ስስስስስ4-10 ስስስ ስስስስስስስ
• ስስስስ ስ20 ስስስ ስስስ ስስስስ ስስስስስስስ
• ስስስስስ...
ተተተተተተተተተተተ…
ተ1500 ተተተ2800 ተተተተተተተተተተተ
 ›T"Ã ¯S•© ¾´“w SÖ” Ÿ500-1200 T>.T@
J• ¾´“w e`ß~ ¾}e}"ŸK SJ” ›Kuƒ
ተተተተተተተተተተተተ1...
Percent share of improved wheat seed supply
in 2012/13
61.95
26.30
4.47
3.69
1.02 0.05
wheat
Maize
Tef
Barley
Haricot bean...
Percent share of improved wheat seed supply
from non-hybrids in 2012/13
84.1
6.1
5.0
1.4 0.1
wheat
Tef
Barley
Haricot bean...
Major Wheat Production Constraints
Among other constraints wheat
diseases rusts (yellow, stem, leaf) and
septoria have alw...
Background of the project
•High incidence of yellow rust in Ethiopia in
2010/11 season
•It affected wheat production in th...
2009
2009
1998/9
2001
2003
2006
2007
? ?
Movements
Possible
Spread
THE SPREAD OF WHEAT STEM RUST UG99 LINEAGE
2010
2010
20...
Table 1 Wheat Area Affected by Yellow Rust
Epidemics During 2010
Region Zones
under
epidemics
Districts
under
epidemics
Wh...
Concept Note Developed
. ICARDA in consultation with EIAR developed the concept
note.
• Developed to a full project propos...
Main project objectives
• Fast track testing and release of stem rust resistant varieties;
• Popularization and demonstrat...
Strategic approaches followed in the
fast track variety release, seed
multiplication and dissemination
activities
Varietal purification
and
multiplication
Breeder seed
production
Pre-basic
seed production
Formal
Sector
(public/private)
...
1. Fast track variety release
1. Introduction of elite
germplasm and
conducting adaptation
trials
(CIMMYT/ICARDA)
3 variet...
Table 2: Pre-release seed multiplication of rust
resistant lines, 2009 main-season, Kulumsa
Lines
Seed
Source
Seed importe...
Table 3: Pre-release rapid seed multiplication of
rust resistant lines at Werer (2010) & amount of
seed available at the t...
• Kakaba =Picaflor
(KIRITATI//SERI/RAYON)
(2010)
– Semi-dwarf
– Early maturing
– White seeded
– Low to Mid altitude
areas
...
Kakaba ready for threshing
Danda’a= Danphe
KIRITATI//2*PBW65/2*SERI.1B
(released in 2010)
– Late maturing
variety
– Superior grain
quality
– White se...
Shorima seed multiplication field,
Kulumsa, 2011
Name Year Maturity
(days)
Ht (cm) RF
(mm)
Alt (m asl) Yield
(T/ha)
YR SR
...
Name Year Maturity
(days)
Ht (cm) RF (mm) Alt (m) Yield (t/ha) YR SR
Gambo 2011 91 102 irrigatio
n
750 3.5-5.7 R MR
Gambo
...
Table 4 International nurseries planted at
KARC during 2011/12 – 2012/13
Year Number of
nurseries
evaluated
Germplasm
sour...
Table 5 Segregating population evaluated at
KARC during 2011/12 and 2012/13
Population Source No. sets Crosses/lines
plant...
Varieties released in 2011: Source ICARDA
HOGGANA = ETBW 5780
= FLAG-5 = PYN/BAU//MILAN
SHORIMA = ETBW 5483
= UTIQUE96/3/P...
Fast track Seed
Multiplication
• Two crop cycles
per year
– Main season using rain
– Dry season using
irrigation (Werer, KU,
Koga, Awash, etc.)
• Plantin...
Categories of Seed Multiplied: Pre-release
& Post-release
1. Pre-release seed multiplication: to accelerate
variety releas...
Table 6 Pre-release and post-release seed
multiplication KARC during 2011 &2012 main-season
Activity Year No of entries Su...
Werer RC
Seed Multiplication
using irrigation, 2010
2. Source Seed multiplication of
newly released varieties
Research level early generation seed
(breeder & pre-basic) mult...
Table 7: Research level accelerated seed production of
rust resistant new wheat varieties, 2010 main-
season, Kulumsa
Loca...
Table 8: Seed Produced by Crush Program during 2010 Dry
Season by EIAR (118.4 t)
Location Variety Area
planted (ha)
Seed
p...
Table 9 Crush Program Seed Multiplication by
ESE - 2010 Dry Season (166.1 t + 110 t Koga)
Location Kakaba Danda’a Organiza...
Table 10 Multiplication of Danda’a and
Kakaba Bale Agricultural Development Enterprise
(BADE)
Variety
2010 2011 2012
Area ...
30 15 7
665
385
177
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
Danda'a Digelu Kakaba
Pre-basic seed
32 22 7 49 1
677
437
233
1296
22
0
...
Table 11: Dry Season Seed Multiplication Using Irrigation at
Werer, 2012
No. Variety Seed Sown (t) Area (ha) Seed
produced...
Table 11 Seed multiplication during off-seasons by
Mekele and Alamata Research Centers (2011/12 and
2012/13)No. Variety Se...
On-farm seed multiplication and
scaling up of rust resistant varieties
Organization of Focal persons to each
region and district level
• An overall project coordinator and three
project themati...
Identification and prioritization of target
woredas in respective regions
• Project Inception Workshop was held at EIAR He...
Table 12 Selected Districts in each
region
Oromia (23) Amhara (8) SNNP (6) Tigray (5)
Seed
Associations
(7)
Gimbichu Gaser...
Table 13 Rust Resistant wheat
varieties distributed to Districts
(17)Variety Source Variety Source
Digelu ESE, ASE Pavon-7...
Approach
• Superimposed on EIAR initiative of national
multiple crop technology pre-scaling up
Procedurally
. Understandin...
Approach (cont’d)
• Wereda/District based (5 kebeles X 20
farmers~100)
• Availing resources: Seed, skill/knowledge
• Contr...
Major Stakeholders and responsibilities
• MoA- Federal/Regional Extension and inputs
– Assign focal person in each region/...
Selection of target kebeles and
farmers
To ensure appropriate piloting of
theinterventions, the target farmers were
from k...
Selection of farmers and clustering
The key criterion for
farmers’ selection
• The willingness to
establish cluster
(a min...
Major Stakeholders and responsibilities….
• Federal and Regional SEs, State farms
– Provide seed for sale
– Selection of s...
Table 14 Emergency seed
supply (Ambo, Dendi, Gedeb Asasa and Hitosa )
Variety
Seed
distribut
ed (t)
Area
covered
(ha)
Prod...
Popularization, demonstration and scaling
up of rust resistant wheat varieties
• Farmers Training Centers (FTCs)
and farme...
Table 15 Scaling up and on-farm seed
multiplication of rust resistant wheat varieties
Year Region
Amount
of seed
distribut...
Table 16 Number of Districts addressed, no. of PAs and
participating farmers in seed distribution and scaling up
Year Regi...
Table 17. Quantity of seeds of rust resistant varieties distributed
and observable impacts in four project regions during ...
Table 18 Average grain yield of rust resistant
varieties on farmers’ USAID intervention fields
Year Region
Grain yield (t/...
Table 19 Support through the National pre-scaling up
program in Amhara and Tigray regions (2012/13)
Zone Amount (t) Area (...
Table 20 Seed distributions to seed
producer's associations
Variety Megertu Biftu Ude
Hundaf-
hatau
Chala
Gitche
Garabab
o...
Farmers field day at Horro, Oromia
Farmers’ field day at Ofla, Tigray
Farmers field day organized at Ambo
by private, Mr.Gadisa Gobena
Farmers’ field day at Wenberima,
Amhara
USAID staffs visited the farmers’ fields
ICARDA, USAID and EIAR staffs monitoring
the off-season seed multiplication
Capacity building
Strengthening human resources
• National
• ToT training
• National inception and
annual workshops
• Seed...
Capacity building cont’d
Regional workshop
•Training on seed marketing
•(Egypt)
•Regional travelling workshop
• (Egypt)
St...
ToT trainings
In class room
At FTC
In the field
At tea/coffee break
Challenges
• Technical gap/info gaps
• Heterogeneous performance and
understanding
• Susceptibility of released varieties ...
Conclusion
•Rust resistant wheat varieties were successfully
distributed to project Districts during the last two
project ...
In Memory of ….
Thank You !
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AASW6: Usaid supported wheat project in ethiopia

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  • Farmer Dinberu & and large heap of Kakaba variety
  • AASW6: Usaid supported wheat project in ethiopia

    1. 1. Rapid deployment of high yielding and rust resistant wheat varieties for achieving food security in Ethiopia Abebe Atilaw (Dr.) 6th Africa Agricultural Science week and FARA workshop 15th-20th July 2013 Success story of USAID Supported, EIAR-ICARDA collaborative project Kakaba ready for threshing
    2. 2. 1. Introduction 2. Highlights of the project 3. Approaches and achievements 4. Conclusion Outline of the presentation
    3. 3. Introduction  Wheat grown by a 5 Million HHs  Area under wheat has shown steady increase to a 2 M ha at present  Annual wheat production has reached a 3 MMT  National average yield increased by 3x compared to 1960s (0.6 - 2 t/ha); 5 t – 8 t /ha good farmers  Has wider agro-ecology coverage Area (1000 ha) Production (1000 t) Yield (t/ha)
    4. 4. ተተተተተተተተተተተ • ስስስ ስስስስስ ስ35-45% ስስስስስስ12-250C ስስስስ ስስስ ስ ስስስ ስስስስስ4-10 ስስስ ስስስስስስስ • ስስስስ ስ20 ስስስ ስስስ ስስስስ ስስስስስስስ • ስስስስስ ስስስ ስስስስስስስ ስስስስስ ስስስ ስስስስስ ስስስ • ስስስስስ ስስስስ ስስስ ስስስ ስስስስስስ ስስ • ስስስስ ስስስስስስ ስስ ስስ ስስስስስ ስስስ
    5. 5. ተተተተተተተተተተተ… ተ1500 ተተተ2800 ተተተተተተተተተተተ  ›T"Ã ¯S•© ¾´“w SÖ” Ÿ500-1200 T>.T@ J• ¾´“w e`ß~ ¾}e}"ŸK SJ” ›Kuƒ ተተተተተተተተተተተተ18 ተተተተተተተተተተተተተተ8 ተተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተተተ5.5 ተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተተ(ተተተ) ተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተ ተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተተ::
    6. 6. Percent share of improved wheat seed supply in 2012/13 61.95 26.30 4.47 3.69 1.02 0.05 wheat Maize Tef Barley Haricot bean Linseed
    7. 7. Percent share of improved wheat seed supply from non-hybrids in 2012/13 84.1 6.1 5.0 1.4 0.1 wheat Tef Barley Haricot bean Linseed
    8. 8. Major Wheat Production Constraints Among other constraints wheat diseases rusts (yellow, stem, leaf) and septoria have always been serious threats to wheat production in Ethiopia Stem rustYellow rust Leaf rust Other Technical constraints • Shortage of appropriate varieties for d/Eco AEZs • Weeds - grass and broadleaf • Water logging – Vertisol soils in highlands (target area) • Drought - low moisture stress in lowlands (target area) Socio-economic Unavailability of improved inputs, credit
    9. 9. Background of the project •High incidence of yellow rust in Ethiopia in 2010/11 season •It affected wheat production in the country •Some districts were sprayed to reduce crop loss •ICARDA/FAO /EIAR scientists assessed the situation •Acceleration of seed multiplication of resistant varieties to replace susceptible ones was recommended.
    10. 10. 2009 2009 1998/9 2001 2003 2006 2007 ? ? Movements Possible Spread THE SPREAD OF WHEAT STEM RUST UG99 LINEAGE 2010 2010 2010 2006
    11. 11. Table 1 Wheat Area Affected by Yellow Rust Epidemics During 2010 Region Zones under epidemics Districts under epidemics Wheat area affected (ha) Area sprayed by fungicide Percent area sprayed Oromia 13 118 292,866 123,357 42.1 Amhara 8 77 161,348 26,579 16.5 SNNP 15 94 137,376 32,089 23.4 Total 36 289 591,590 182,026 30.8 Source: MoA report 2010 (unpublished); Report covering up to Oct 2010; Varieties affected most: Kubsa’; ‘Galama’
    12. 12. Concept Note Developed . ICARDA in consultation with EIAR developed the concept note. • Developed to a full project proposal by ICARDA/EIAR • Submitted to USAID and the project was approved. • ICARDA agreed to pre-finance the project to avoid losing the coming season • ICARDA has transferred fund to organize and distribute seeds
    13. 13. Main project objectives • Fast track testing and release of stem rust resistant varieties; • Popularization and demonstration of newly released varieties; • Accelerated seed multiplication of promising lines (pre- release) or source seed of released varieties; • Accelerated large-scale certified seed multiplication of released varieties by linking to existing public and/or private seed sector • Targeted small-pack seed distribution of released varieties to small-scale farmers • Monitoring and evaluation of project deliverables and impact studies
    14. 14. Strategic approaches followed in the fast track variety release, seed multiplication and dissemination activities
    15. 15. Varietal purification and multiplication Breeder seed production Pre-basic seed production Formal Sector (public/private) Informal Sector (community -based) Stage2 Basic seed production Pre-releaseseedmultiplication Official variety release Variety release trials Formal and informal seed production and distribution Stage3Stage4Stage1 Stage5 Large-scaleseedmultiplication Farmers Stage0 Resistance lines identified for release trails Seed Production Variety Testing Varietypopularizationandpromotion • Fast track/harmonized variety release system • Efficient seed multiplication scheme (MF) • Availability of off- season/irrigation facilities • Flexible quarantine procedures • Identifying/supporting key seed suppliers • Capacity building of human resources Approaches in Accelerated seed multiplication & dissemination scheme Source: Zewdie B.
    16. 16. 1. Fast track variety release 1. Introduction of elite germplasm and conducting adaptation trials (CIMMYT/ICARDA) 3 varieties released 2. Variety verification trials 3 varieties released
    17. 17. Table 2: Pre-release seed multiplication of rust resistant lines, 2009 main-season, Kulumsa Lines Seed Source Seed imported (kg) Area planted (ha) Yield (t) Chonte #1 CIMMYT 100 0.63 2.8 Danphe #1 CIMMYT 100 0.98 4.0 Munal #1 CIMMYT 100 1.03 5.0 Picaflor #1 CIMMYT 100 0.71 3.7 Quaiu #2 CIMMYT 100 0.98 4.5 Flag 3 ICARDA 100 0.51 2.0 Flag 5 ICARDA 50 0.5 2.4 Amir-2 ICARDA 100 0.61 1.9 Total 750 5.95 26.4
    18. 18. Table 3: Pre-release rapid seed multiplication of rust resistant lines at Werer (2010) & amount of seed available at the time of release. Lines Gross area (ha) Net area (ha) Average yield (t/ha) Amount of seed produced (t) Remarks/ Local name Chonte#1 24.0 17.01 1.523 25.90 Not released Danphe#1 24.0 17.01 1.726 29.35 Danda’a Picaflor#1 30.0 21.25 2.024 43.01 Kakaba Munal#1 11.5 8.50 1.823 15.502 Note released Quaiu #2 12.0 8.14 2.399 19.55 Ga’ambo Total 101.5 71.91 1.850 133.30
    19. 19. • Kakaba =Picaflor (KIRITATI//SERI/RAYON) (2010) – Semi-dwarf – Early maturing – White seeded – Low to Mid altitude areas – Good quality Seed multiplication Name Year Maturity (days) HT (cm) RF (mm) ALT (m asl) Yield (t/ha) YR SR Kakaba 2010 85-100 90-120 500- 800 1500-2200 3.3- 5.2 MR MR
    20. 20. Kakaba ready for threshing
    21. 21. Danda’a= Danphe KIRITATI//2*PBW65/2*SERI.1B (released in 2010) – Late maturing variety – Superior grain quality – White seeded – Intermediate height – Recommended for Mid to higher altitudes Name Year Maturity (days) Ht (cm) RF (mm) ALT (m asl) Yield (q/ha) YR SR Danda’ a 201 0 90-113 110- 145 >600 2000- 2600 35-55 R MR
    22. 22. Shorima seed multiplication field, Kulumsa, 2011 Name Year Maturity (days) Ht (cm) RF (mm) Alt (m asl) Yield (T/ha) YR SR Shorima 2011 126 102 >500 1800-2400 4.5-6.3 R MR Shorima (UTQUE96/3/PYN/BAU//MILAN)  Resistant to yellow rust and stem rust Semi dwarf Medium maturity White grained  Demand created  Seed being multiplied at Werer under irrigation
    23. 23. Name Year Maturity (days) Ht (cm) RF (mm) Alt (m) Yield (t/ha) YR SR Gambo 2011 91 102 irrigatio n 750 3.5-5.7 R MR Gambo (BABAX/LR42//BABAX*2/3/V IVITSI) - Released for irrigated areas - Moderately resistant to rusts - Susceptible to septoria
    24. 24. Table 4 International nurseries planted at KARC during 2011/12 – 2012/13 Year Number of nurseries evaluated Germplasm source No. entries planted No. entries field selected 2011/12 8 ICARDA 1104 393 2012/13 15 ICARDA 1706 146 Total 2810 539
    25. 25. Table 5 Segregating population evaluated at KARC during 2011/12 and 2012/13 Population Source No. sets Crosses/lines planted Lines /pops selected Year 1: 2011/12 Multipurpose crossing Local crosses 1 417 417 Segregating pop (F3 – F6) Local crosses 6 509 502 Segregating pop (F4-F6) ICARDA crosses 3 37 2324 Sub-total 10 963 3243 Year 2: 2012/13 Multipurpose crossing block (99 F + 10 M) Local crosses 1 109 109 Segregating pop (F3 – F5) Local crosses 10 811 1701 Segregating pop F4 - F5 ICARDA crosses 13 357 147 Sub-total 24 1277 1957 Grand total 34 2240 5199
    26. 26. Varieties released in 2011: Source ICARDA HOGGANA = ETBW 5780 = FLAG-5 = PYN/BAU//MILAN SHORIMA = ETBW 5483 = UTIQUE96/3/PYN/BAU//MILAN HULUKA = ETBW 5496 = UTIQUE96/3/PYN/BAU//MILAN
    27. 27. Fast track Seed Multiplication
    28. 28. • Two crop cycles per year – Main season using rain – Dry season using irrigation (Werer, KU, Koga, Awash, etc.) • Planting with low seed rate Approaches Seed Multiplication
    29. 29. Categories of Seed Multiplied: Pre-release & Post-release 1. Pre-release seed multiplication: to accelerate variety release which otherwise be delayed due to shortage of sufficient seed to conduct variety trials; and to get sufficient amount of breeder seed upon variety release. Type of germplasm multiplied: (a) promising lines in national variety trials (b) candidate varieties in variety verification trials
    30. 30. Table 6 Pre-release and post-release seed multiplication KARC during 2011 &2012 main-season Activity Year No of entries Summary of result Maintenance breeding & pre- release seed multiplication 2011/12 44 3 t Micro seed multiplication 2011/12 17 t Maintenance breeding & pre- release seed multiplication 2012/13 169 0.5 t Micro seed multiplication 2012/13 16 2.8 t; 2000 best spikes of 16 varieties collected for head to row planting Total 23.3 t
    31. 31. Werer RC Seed Multiplication using irrigation, 2010
    32. 32. 2. Source Seed multiplication of newly released varieties Research level early generation seed (breeder & pre-basic) multiplications to provide the public and private sector with sufficient seed for further multiplication and dissemination.
    33. 33. Table 7: Research level accelerated seed production of rust resistant new wheat varieties, 2010 main- season, Kulumsa Location Variety Seed class Area planted (ha) Seed produced (t) Kulumsa Kakaba Breeder 0.42 1.05 Kulumsa Dand'a Breeder 0.5 1.25 Kulumsa/Dhera Kakaba Pre-basic 15.89 34.73 Kulumsa Dand'a Pre-basic 10.48 26.2 Total 27.29 63.23
    34. 34. Table 8: Seed Produced by Crush Program during 2010 Dry Season by EIAR (118.4 t) Location Variety Area planted (ha) Seed produced (t) Seed source Werer/Middle Awash Danda’a 30 35.3 Kulumsa Werer/Middle Awash Kakaba 60 49.1 Kulumsa Robani Farm/Upper Awash Kakaba 30 34.0 Kulumsa Total 120 118.4
    35. 35. Table 9 Crush Program Seed Multiplication by ESE - 2010 Dry Season (166.1 t + 110 t Koga) Location Kakaba Danda’a Organization Implementer Merti 126 - ESE Kulumsa RC Nura Era 140 40 ESE Kulumsa RC Koga / Merawi 70 - ESE Kulumsa RC Total 421 70
    36. 36. Table 10 Multiplication of Danda’a and Kakaba Bale Agricultural Development Enterprise (BADE) Variety 2010 2011 2012 Area Yield (t) Area Yield (t) Area Yield (t) Danda'a 44.16 134.7 447.91 1233.0 769.24 1447.4 Kakaba 37 112.1 527.93 1373.9 910.35 1616.4 2009 season: Started with small plot adaptation tests of 5 lines
    37. 37. 30 15 7 665 385 177 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Danda'a Digelu Kakaba Pre-basic seed 32 22 7 49 1 677 437 233 1296 22 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Danda'a Digelu Hawi Kakaba Simba Area (ha) Amount (Qt) Basic seed 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.3 30 18 18 10 30 29 34 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Danda'a Digelu Gambo Hoggana Hulluka Kakaba Shorima Breeder seed Varieties Multiplied N Area (ha) Seed (Qt) Class Danda'a, Digelu, Kakaba, Hulluka, Shorima, Hoggana, Gambo 7 7.3 170.12 Breeder Danda'a, Digalu, Kakaba 3 50.8 1227.58 Prebasic Danda'a, Digalu, Kakaba, Simba, Hawi 5 111.35 2664.72 basic Total 169.45 4062.42 Varieties Multiplied During 2011 Main season at Kulumsa
    38. 38. Table 11: Dry Season Seed Multiplication Using Irrigation at Werer, 2012 No. Variety Seed Sown (t) Area (ha) Seed produced (t) 1 Shorima 1.8 23 34.5 2 Hulluka 1.5 19 28.5 3 Gambo 1.2 15 22.5 4 Kakaba 1.6 20 30 5 Danda’a 1.8 23 34.5 7.9 99 148.5 Seed rate = 80 kg / ha
    39. 39. Table 11 Seed multiplication during off-seasons by Mekele and Alamata Research Centers (2011/12 and 2012/13)No. Variety Seed produced (t) Season: 2011/13 1 Digelu 4 2 Kakaba 4 3 Mekelle 1 3 4 Mekelle 2 3 Sub-total 14 Season: 2012/13 1 Danda’a 10 2 Shorima 6 3 Mada-Walabu 2 4 Mekelle-3 6 5 Mekelle-4 9 6 Sofumer 3 7 Kakaba 5 Sub-total 41 Total 55
    40. 40. On-farm seed multiplication and scaling up of rust resistant varieties
    41. 41. Organization of Focal persons to each region and district level • An overall project coordinator and three project thematic area coordinators were assigned by EIAR to play coordinating and facilitating roles in all activities. • At regional level, a focal person from extension/ input department of regional BoA who coordinates the activities in respective regions. • In addition, a seed focal person assigned in each district to day to day follow up of logistics in technology distribution and multiplication
    42. 42. Identification and prioritization of target woredas in respective regions • Project Inception Workshop was held at EIAR Head Quarter on 27th May 2011 • Participants: Federal & Regional BoA, RARIs, Public & Private seed growers (4 regions) 25 selected AGP Districts + 16 non-AGP Districts + 4 distr Criterion 1. Among the AGP woredas ( 83) 2. Major wheat producing woredas/districts in a given region 3. Occurrence and Importance of yellow rust in 2010/11
    43. 43. Table 12 Selected Districts in each region Oromia (23) Amhara (8) SNNP (6) Tigray (5) Seed Associations (7) Gimbichu Gasera Guagusa Shikudad Misrak Azernet Ofla Megertu Ada Ginir Wenberima Shey Bench Endamehoni Biftu Weliso Adaba Debre Eliyas Enemor Ener Emba Alaje Hawi Shirka Gedeb Asasa Basoliben Endegagn Hintalo Wajirat Ude Munesa Hitosa Tarma ber Mareko Enderta Hundafatau Dodola Dendi Minjar Soro Chala Limu-Bilbilo Ambo Moret Gitche G. Horo Guduru Enemay Gololcha Ziquala Bale Lume Agarfa Aleltu Sinana
    44. 44. Table 13 Rust Resistant wheat varieties distributed to Districts (17)Variety Source Variety Source Digelu ESE, ASE Pavon-76 OSE Danda'a BADE, ESE, ASE M/Welabu Sinana RC Kakaba ASE, ESE, BADE Bakalcha ® Sinana Tay ® Adet, ASE Illani ® Sinana Gasay ® Adet, ASE Tate® Sinana Mekele-1® TARI Toltu ® Sinana Mekele-2® TARI Obsa ® Sinana Tuse KARC Ude DZARC, Seed Asso Yerer DZARC, Seed Asso ® -Regional Release
    45. 45. Approach • Superimposed on EIAR initiative of national multiple crop technology pre-scaling up Procedurally . Understanding and prioritizing the gaps with stakeholders .Identification of areas and volume of intervention (small packs ) • Technology orientation/ training-package Spatial coverage 18 crop spps, 38 var. (2009-11)
    46. 46. Approach (cont’d) • Wereda/District based (5 kebeles X 20 farmers~100) • Availing resources: Seed, skill/knowledge • Contractual agreement: Seed revolving scheme • 1/4th a ha • Cluster • Best full package implementation/application • Data based (at farmers or DA level) • active stakeholders with clear ToR (Rch, SEs, Ex, input +private) • Lesson environment (field day, review planning, performance evaluation)
    47. 47. Major Stakeholders and responsibilities • MoA- Federal/Regional Extension and inputs – Assign focal person in each region/district – Select Zone/District/farmer – Select appropriate varieties for each intervention district – Facilitate field days • Federal and Regional RIs – Provide seeds for planting – ToT training – Provide technical manual, – Undertake M&E Wheat Seed Technology A Technical Guide for Ethiopia
    48. 48. Selection of target kebeles and farmers To ensure appropriate piloting of theinterventions, the target farmers were from kebeles of the selected woredas with (i) high potential for wheat production, (i) with good access to roads (ii) with better performing cooperatives.
    49. 49. Selection of farmers and clustering The key criterion for farmers’ selection • The willingness to establish cluster (a min.of 2ha). The other criteria (i) farmers’ willingness and commitment (ii) accessibility (iii) serve as a demonstration site (iv) membership of farmers to primary cooperative.
    50. 50. Major Stakeholders and responsibilities…. • Federal and Regional SEs, State farms – Provide seed for sale – Selection of suitable farms – Inspection – purchase of seeds from farmers • Private companies, FUs and Coops, Farmers – Produce seeds (provide & prepare land and other inputs) – Return revolving seeds – Sale seeds to SEs, other neighbouring farmers
    51. 51. Table 14 Emergency seed supply (Ambo, Dendi, Gedeb Asasa and Hitosa ) Variety Seed distribut ed (t) Area covered (ha) Production No. PAs participa ted No. of farmers participated No. of beneficia ries Productivity (t/ha) Seed produced (t) Amount used for next season (t) Seed revolved (t) Male Female Min Max Average Season 2011/12 Digalu 1.8 12.00 34.4 20.5 1.2 4 22 5 135 1.6 2.6 2.1 Kakab a 1.875 12.50 40.5 29.8 1..25 3 29 3 160 2.3 2.7 2.5 Season 2012/13 Digalu 2.5(19.1 ) 144.00 432.0 50 2.5 4 545 11 2780 28 32 30 Kakaba 1.5(28.2 ) 198.00 475.2 20 1.5 3 1019 18 5185 20 28 24 Danada' a 1 6.60 17.2 10 1 1 17 0 102 24 28 26 Medawe labu 0.5 3.33 7.0 4 0.5 1 7 0 42 16 26 21 Total 376 1006 134 7 16 1639 37 8404
    52. 52. Popularization, demonstration and scaling up of rust resistant wheat varieties • Farmers Training Centers (FTCs) and farmers’ fields • Shorima & Hulluka (2012) 41 project Districts • Each variety 20 m x 20 m (400 m2) • four farmers per woreda • Field days conducted
    53. 53. Table 15 Scaling up and on-farm seed multiplication of rust resistant wheat varieties Year Region Amount of seed distribute d (t) Area planted to (ha) Seed produced at on-farm level (t) Amount used as seed (next season) (t) Amount of seed recovered as revolving seed (t) %seed recovered through revolving scheme Remark 2011/12 Amhara 40 262 893 291.8 13.3 33.6 Oromia 107 723 2,310.2 1,352.50 71.5 67.1 Tigray 19 126 392.1 195.9 18.8 98.9 SNNP 8 50 125 87.5 3.5 46.7 Subtotal 174 1,161 3,720.3 1,927.7a 107.1b 2,034.8(a+b ) 2012/13 Amhara 50 337 1,113.8 971.4 49.8 98.8 Oromia 132 858 3,230.9 1,505.30 69.5 52.9 Tigray 26 175 539.2 269.4 15.7 59.9 SNNP 20 133 433.3 405.5 20 100.0 Subtotal 228 1,503 5,317.2 3,151.6 a 154.9b 3,306.5(a+b Total 402 2,664 9,037.6 5,079.3 a 262.0b 5,341.3(a+b )
    54. 54. Table 16 Number of Districts addressed, no. of PAs and participating farmers in seed distribution and scaling up Year Region Districts PAs Male Female Total number beneficiaries 2011/12 Amhara 7 17 1,362 85 7,220 Oromia 24 200 2,134 141 11,563 Tigray 3 16 295 22 1,711 SNNP 3 11 187 13 1,000 Sub-total 37 244 3,978 261 21,494 2012/13 Amhara 8 31 1,734 97 9,067 Oromia 20 250 2,299 185 13,246 Tigray 6 28 545 64 3,045 SNNP 4 24 439 15 2,430 Sub-total 333 5,017 361 27,788 Total 577 8,995 622 49,282
    55. 55. Table 17. Quantity of seeds of rust resistant varieties distributed and observable impacts in four project regions during 2011/12 and 2012/13 main-seasons Seed (t) Enough for planting an area of (ha) Amount of seed produced (t) Enough to plant X ha of land during 2013/14 Seed distributed in 2011/12 174 1,161 3,720.30 About 50% used for seed during next season From seed produced in 2011/12 season and used as seed in 2012/13 2034.8 13,565 47,478.60 316,524 Seed distributed in 2012/13 228 1,503 5,317.20 35,070 Seed obtained from 2012/13 17,408.80 116,059 406,205.80 406,206
    56. 56. Table 18 Average grain yield of rust resistant varieties on farmers’ USAID intervention fields Year Region Grain yield (t/ha) Minimum Maximum Average 2011/12 Amhara 2.9 3.9 3.4 Oromia 3 4.9 4 Tigray 2.6 4.2 3.4 SNNP 3.4 4.9 4.2 Year average 3 4.5 3.7 2012/13 Amhara 2.6 3.8 3.2 Oromia 2.8 4.2 3.5 Tigray 2.5 3.8 3 SNNP 2.8 4.2 3.5 Year average 2.7 4 3.3 Mean yield of all regions 2.8 4.2 3.5
    57. 57. Table 19 Support through the National pre-scaling up program in Amhara and Tigray regions (2012/13) Zone Amount (t) Area (ha) Number of farmers No. of Beneficiari esMale Female Total Amhara Region North Shewa 13 88.2 280 30 310 1550 South Wollo 12 80 251 23 274 1370 North Wollo 12 104 421 15 436 2180 Sub-total 37 272.2 952 68 1,020 5,100 Tigray Region South Tigray 3 20 79 1 80 400 West Tigray 3 20 80 0 80 400 Sub-total 6 40 159 0 160 800 Total 43 312.2 1,111 68 1,180 5,900
    58. 58. Table 20 Seed distributions to seed producer's associations Variety Megertu Biftu Ude Hundaf- hatau Chala Gitche Garabab o Sub-total Kekeba (t) 2.0 1.0 2.0 5.0 Ude 2.5 1.0 2.0 1.0 4.7 Total 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 9.7
    59. 59. Farmers field day at Horro, Oromia
    60. 60. Farmers’ field day at Ofla, Tigray
    61. 61. Farmers field day organized at Ambo by private, Mr.Gadisa Gobena
    62. 62. Farmers’ field day at Wenberima, Amhara
    63. 63. USAID staffs visited the farmers’ fields
    64. 64. ICARDA, USAID and EIAR staffs monitoring the off-season seed multiplication
    65. 65. Capacity building Strengthening human resources • National • ToT training • National inception and annual workshops • Seed technology and farm management training • RRW Seed Support to private & seed producers’ Unions • Support to Regional RIs.
    66. 66. Capacity building cont’d Regional workshop •Training on seed marketing •(Egypt) •Regional travelling workshop • (Egypt) Strengthening infrastructure • Vehicles • Farm machinery for research • Mobile cleaners for FBSMS
    67. 67. ToT trainings In class room At FTC In the field At tea/coffee break
    68. 68. Challenges • Technical gap/info gaps • Heterogeneous performance and understanding • Susceptibility of released varieties to new Sr races • Commitment diversification • Confusion
    69. 69. Conclusion •Rust resistant wheat varieties were successfully distributed to project Districts during the last two project years, •A series of consultative meetings, joint plans, trainings and reviews were made by involving stakeholders (Heads of BoA, RRIs, SEs, FUs), •Farmers were trained on the purpose of multiplying seed rust resistant wheat cultivars through various means, •Seed collection and use mechanism was designed; and agreements on use of seed produced was signed between BoA and individual farmers.
    70. 70. In Memory of ….
    71. 71. Thank You !

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