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Accra presentation 16-july

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Accra presentation 16-july

  1. 1. Food Insecurity in Protracted Crises, and identifying practical next steps Dr. Javed Rizvi Country Program Manager Afghanistan Program ICARDA
  2. 2. Commonalities? The causes of conflicts in PC and 2 PC countries vary but include mainly historical ethnic animosity, internal political subjugation, international political alliances, governance issues, economic disparities, non- enabaling policies, and control of resources – Kigali movement, September, 2012
  3. 3. Afghanistan qualifies all in one as conflict, post-conflict and protracted crisis country Offers a unique opportunity to understand and tackle the challenges in other 2 PC countries Experiences and success stories can be out scaled to other 2PC countries
  4. 4. Timeline of Conflict 0 27 11 9 5 1 10 3 4 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1926 1953 1964 1973 1978 1979 1985 1989 1992 2001 No.ofyears Major unrest/ changes
  5. 5. Crisis response Resilience building
  6. 6. • Based on climatic conditions (mainly rains) country IMPORTS 0.5 – 1.0 million Mt food • Malnutrition is high, specially among children, women and elderly (about 40 %) • Forage / fodder is in acute short supply adversely affecting the livestock production • In most areas, farming is one crop/ year
  7. 7. Improving Food Security: A multi- stakeholder partnership approach • Local, provincial & national Governments ( if resent) • Local community leaders • Formal and informal village councils • Farmer enterprises • Community based organizations • Regional friendly countries and science forum • IRCs, CGIAR centers • Not only food but both food and nutritional security Farmer participatory selection & catalyzed adoption
  8. 8. Reduced Yield gaps Wheat
  9. 9. WHY Poor adoption? • Poor extension services • Lack of knowledge – low interest • Un-availability of seeds of new varieties • Poor linkages between Research & development programs
  10. 10. Accelerated adoption of newly released mung bean varieties in Afghanistan 0 40 3000 0.15 3.5 80 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 2008 2009 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Hectare Seed (Mt) Donor Developmental Agency VBSE NARS
  11. 11. Village Based Seed Enterprise: 35 established in 8 provinces IFAD will be funding additional 12more in three provinces Village Based Seed Enterprise: Producing more than 30 % of the certified seed produced in the country
  12. 12. Enhancing income: Increasing access to food Goat management & feeding in Afghanistan • More than 1500 women received goats • Dairy hygiene and processing improved skills and incomes of at least 1500 women • 3 times higher benefits by supplemental feeding of goats • 2 times benefit through improved feeding during fattening • 3 times increase in kid survival due to vaccinations • Improved family income leading to higher access to food
  13. 13. Increased participation of women & youth
  14. 14. Off-farm income : Increased access to food
  15. 15. Types of training Number of Trainings Researchers, extension workers; Farmers trained Male Female Total In-country 30 611 3683 4294 Abroad 23 70 04 74 Field days 13 1033 20 1053 Grand total 66 1714 3707 5421 CAPAPCITY DEVELOPMENT (2011-2012)
  16. 16. CAPAITY DEVELOPMENT
  17. 17. • Individual: ST?, MT, LT – Post training support – Enabling environment – Internships, sabbatical, seconding of staff • Institutional: ST, MT, LT – Retention of trained staff – Sustainable movement – Embedding Regional Mentors “ongoing hand-on- training” – Full utilization of training opportunities – Diversification of funding base – Client driven CD approach
  18. 18. CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT • Farmer and farming community : ST/ MT – Regular follow ups hand on trainings – Audio visual aids, not only printed material • Work continuity when staff attends training – Training opportunities linked with appointing local/ regional retired scientists to fill the gap – This will addresses work continuity, and mentoring others on technical and resource mobilization issues
  19. 19. Next step---- • Follow up on 4 outcomes of Kigali workshop • Outcome 1: A Consultative Learning Platform for cooperation between “Protracted Crisis Countries” (PCC) in Africa and Asia • Two tier approach on crisis response and resilience building • Initiation of a pilot project/ program on CD based on a multi-stakeholder partnership (local, regional, international)

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