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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Mapping government expenditure against COFOG

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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Mapping government expenditure against COFOG

  1. 1. Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1; Turin, Italy, 27-28 March 2018 MAPPING GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE AGAINST COFOG Sangita Dubey, Senior Statistician/Team Leader, FAO Titus Mwisomba, Manager of Agriculture Statistics, Tanzania Bureau of Statistics Giulia Gonnella, Statistician, FAO
  2. 2. THE FAO GEA QUESTIONNAIRE & COFOG COFOG categories
  3. 3. COFOG category 7042 (Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting) corresponds to ISIC Rev 4 Section A COFOG categories
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATIONS OF FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT (COFOG) Groups • The expenditures of general government are categorized according to an international classification defined in the system of national accounts of 1993, and revised in 1999: COFOG (Classification of the Functions of Government). • COFOG distributes expenditures of general government in ten categories according to their purpose: general public services; defense; public order and safety; economic business; environmental protection; housing and community amenities; health; recreation, culture and religion; education; social welfare.
  5. 5. INDICATOR METHODOLOGY – CLASSIFICATIONS Groups Groups Classes Two or more 3-digit groups within each division, that refer to a socio-economic sector One or more 4-digit classes within each group 10 first-level, or 2-digit, divisions COFOG permits consistent analysis of government expenditures across countries and across time. Divisions The Classification of Functions of Government (COFOG)
  6. 6. COFOG EXPENDITURES: TEN 2-DIGIT DIVISIONS Groups 01General public services 02Defense 03Public order and safety 04Economic affairs 05Environmental protection 06Housing and community amenities 07Health 08Recreation, culture and religion 09Education 10Social protection
  7. 7. COFOG ECONOMIC AFFAIRS (04): NINE 3-DIGIT GROUPS Groups 04Economic affairs 041General economic, commercial, and labor affairs 042Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 043Fuel and energy 044Mining, manufacturing, and construction 045Transport 046Communication 047Other industries 048R & D Economic affairs 049Economic affairs n.e.c.
  8. 8. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (05): SIX 3-DIGIT GROUPS Groups 05Environmental protection 051Waste management 052Waste water management 053Pollution abatement 054Protection of biodiversity and landscape 055R & D Environmental protection 056Environmental protection n.e.c.
  9. 9. AGRICULTURE FORESTRY, FISHING AND HUNTING (042): NINE 3-DIGIT GROUPS Groups 042Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 0421Agriculture 0422Forestry 0423Fishing and hunting
  10. 10. COFOG 0421 - Agriculture (Crops and Livestock) AGRICULTURE RELATED CATEGORIES Groups • Administration of agricultural affairs and services; conservation, reclamation or expansion of arable land; agrarian reform and land settlement; supervision and regulation of the agricultural industry; • Construction or operation of flood control, irrigation and drainage systems, including grants, loans or subsidies for such works; • Operation or support of programs or schemes to stabilize or improve farm prices and farm incomes; operation or support of extension services or veterinary services to farmers, pest control services, crop inspection services and crop grading services; • Production and dissemination of general information, technical documentation and statistics on agricultural affairs and services; • Compensation, grants, or subsidies to farmers in connection with agricultural activities, including payments for restricting or encouraging output of a particular crop or for allowing land to remain uncultivated. • Administration and operation of government agencies engaged in applied research and experimental development related to agriculture; • Grants and subsidies to support applied research and experimental development related to agriculture by research institutes and universities. Excludes: multi-purpose development projects, such as the development of integrated facilities for flood control and irrigation, which would fall under code 0474.
  11. 11. Groups • Administration of forestry affairs and services; conservation, extension, and rationalized exploitation of forest reserves; supervision and regulation of forest operations and issuance of tree- felling licenses; • Operation or support of reforestation work, pest and disease control, forest firefighting and fire prevention services, and extension services to forest operators; • Production and dissemination of general information, technical documentation, and statistics on forestry aff airs and services; • Grants, loans, or subsidies to support commercial forest activities. Includes: forest crops in addition to timber. COFOG 0422 - FORESTRY AGRICULTURE RELATED CATEGORIES
  12. 12. Groups • Administration of fishing affairs and services; protection, propagation and rationalised exploitation of fish stocks; supervision and regulation of freshwater fishing, coastal fishing, ocean fishing, fish farming and issuance of fishing licenses; • Operation or support of fish hatcheries, extension services, or stocking activities, etc.; • Production and dissemination of general information, technical documentation and statistics on fishing affairs and services; • Grants, loans or subsidies to support commercial fishing and hunting activities, including the construction or operation of fish hatcheries. Excludes: control of offshore and ocean fishing (0310). COFOG 0423 - FISHING AND HUNTING AGRICULTURE RELATED CATEGORIES
  13. 13. Groups • Administration and operation of government agencies engaged in applied research and experimental development related to agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting; • Grants, loans, or subsidies to support applied research and experimental development related to agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting undertaken by nongovernment bodies, such as research institutes and universities. Excludes: basic research (0140). COFOG 0482 – R&D AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING, AND HUNTING, AGRICULTURE RELATED CATEGORIES
  14. 14. Groups • It covers activities relating to the protection of fauna and flora species(including the reintroduction of extinct species and the recovery of species menaced by extinction), the protection of habitats (including the management of natural parks and reserves), and the protection of landscapes for aesthetic values (including the reshaping of damaged landscapes for the purpose of strengthening their aesthetic value and the rehabilitation of abandoned mines and quarries). It includes: • Administration, supervision, inspection, operation,or support of activities relating to the protection of biodiversity and landscape; • Grants, loans, or subsidies to support activities relating to the protection of biodiversity and landscape. COFOG 054 – PROTECTION OF BIODIVERSITY AND LANDSCAPE, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RELATED CATEGORIES
  15. 15. Groups • Administration and operation of government agencies engaged in applied research and experimental development related to environmental protection; • Grants, loans, or subsidies to support applied research and experimental development related to environmental protection undertaken by nongovernment bodies, such as research institutes and universities. Excludes: basic research (0140). COFOG 055 – R&D ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, R&D RELATED CATEGORIES
  16. 16. DISCUSSION 3: WHAT IS THE APPROPRIATE COFOG CODE AND NAME FOR THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES? Groups Ministry/ Institution Department/ Program Activity Description Expense(Y/N) NetInvestmentin NonFinancial Assets(Y/N) COFOG COFOGName Ministry of Agriculture Administration and HR Management Acquisition Of Household & Institutional Equipment N Y Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries Fisheries Development Division Basic Salaries - Pensionable Posts Y N
  17. 17. Groups Ministry/ Institution Department/ Program Activity Description Expense (Y/N) COFOG COFOG Name Ministry of Agriculture Administration and HR Management Acquisition Of Household & Institutional Equipment N 0421 Agriculture Ministry of Livestock Development and Fisheries Fisheries Development Division Basic Salaries - Pensionable Posts Y 0423 Fishing and hunting DISCUSSION 3: WHAT IS THE APPROPRIATE COFOG CODE AND NAME FOR THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES?
  18. 18. DISCUSSION 4 - APPLYING COFOG Agriculture (COFOG 70421) includes administration of agricultural affairs and services; conservation, reclamation or expansion of arable land; agrarian reform and land settlement; supervision and regulation of the agricultural industry. So the Arable Land Development project falls under Agriculture (0421). What about the rest of the projects? PROJECT COFOG code COFOG name Arable Land Development 0421 Agriculture Agricultural development strategy for economic empowerment of rural women Development of a livestock policy analysis and monitoring system Implementation of pest management strategies for arable crops and fruits Integrated forest land and tree resources assessment
  19. 19. DISCUSSION 4 - APPLYING COFOG PROJECT COFOG code COFOG name Arable Land Development 0421 Agriculture Agricultural development strategy for economic empowerment of rural women ? ? Development of a livestock policy analysis and monitoring system 0421 Agriculture Implementation of pest management strategies for arable crops and fruits 0421 Agriculture Integrated forest land and tree resources assessment 0422 Forestry

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