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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Course introduction

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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Course introduction

  1. 1. Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1; Turin, Italy, 27-28 March 2018 INTRODUCTION Sangita Dubey, Senior Statistician/Team Leader, FAO Titus Mwisomba, Manager of Agriculture Statistics, Tanzania Bureau of Statistics Giulia Gonnella, Statistician, FAO
  2. 2. AGENDA 2030 AND THE 17 SDG GOALS … ... Leaving no one behind
  3. 3. In committing to the realization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Member States recognized that the dignity of the individual is fundamental and that the Agenda’s Goals and targets should be met for all nations and people and for all segments of society. Furthermore, they endeavoured to reach first those who are furthest behind Leaving no one behind … Working together and coordinating efforts is essential in moving forward on Agenda 2030
  4. 4. PROCESS TO DEFINE THE GLOBAL SDG INDICATOR FRAMEWORK  2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a guide for governments and institutions over the next 15 years (now in full implementation mode),  UN Statistical Commission responsible for developing the SDG monitoring framework  Inter-Agency Expert Group on SDG indicators (IAEG-SDG) to prepare an initial proposal and oversee this work • 28 countries as members, representing their respective regions. 1/3 of the members rotate every two years; • International organizations only as observers;  Selection process of global indicator framework led by countries
  5. 5. THE ROLE OF CUSTODIAN AGENCIES For each SDG indicator a custodian agency has been identified to: • Lead methodological development and documentation of the indicators • Support statistical capacity of countries to generate and disseminate national data • Collect data from national sources, ensure their comparability and consistency, and disseminate them at global level • Contribute to monitor progress at the global, regional and national levels (e.g. storyline and data for the annual SDG reports, Agencies’ flagship publications)
  6. 6. SDG INDICATORS UNDER FAO CUSTODIANSHIP  GOAL 2 – ZERO HUNGER 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.3.1, 2.3.2, 2.4.1, 2.5.1, 2.5.2, 2.a.1, 2.c.1  GOAL 5 – GENDER EQUALITY 5.a.1, 5.a.1  GOAL 6 – CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION 6.4.1, 6.4.2 FAO is the custodian UN agency for 21 of the 217 SDG indicators:
  7. 7. SDG INDICATORS UNDER FAO CUSTODIANSHIP  GOAL 12 – RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION 12.3.1  GOAL 14 – LIFE BELOW WATER 14.4.1, 14.6.1, 14.7.1, 14.b.1  GOAL 15 – LIFE ON LAND 15.1.1, 15.2.1., 15.4.2 FAO is the custodian UN agency for 21 of the 217 SDG indicators:
  8. 8. SDG INDICATORS UNDER FAO CUSTODIANSHIP  GOAL 1 – NO POVERTY 1.5.2  GOAL 14 – LIFE BELOW WATER 14.c.1  GOAL 15 – LIFE ON LAND 15.3.1, 15.6.1. FAO is also a contributing agency for a further 4 SDG indicators:
  9. 9. FAO KEY AREAS OF WORK ON SDG INDICATORS • Regular contribution to global SDG monitoring and reporting; • Supporting countries and regions in the preparation of SDG progress reports, assisting in data gap analyses and identification of national SDG indicator focal points; • Development of new definitions and methodologies for SDG indicators; • Provision of statistical capacity support and technical assistance across all 21 SDG indicators under FAO custodianship; • Communication and advocacy on SDG indicators.
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES OF THE WORKSHOP • To enhance the knowledge of the methodology and process for compiling SDG Indicator 2.a.1 – the Agriculture Orientation Index for Government Expenditures • To understand the strengths and limitations of this indictor, and the importance of national context in its use • To discuss challenges in compiling government expenditure data and Indicator 2.a.1 • To discuss solutions and innovations to overcome these challenges
  11. 11. SDG GOAL 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
  12. 12. SDG GOAL 2 AND ITS 8 TARGETS • 2.1 : By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round • 2.2: By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons 2.3: By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
  13. 13. SDG GOAL 2 AND ITS 8 TARGETS • 2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality • 2.5: By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.
  14. 14. SDG GOAL 2 AND ITS 8 TARGETS • 2.a: Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries. • 2.b: Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round. • 2.c: Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
  15. 15. SDG GOAL 2 TARGET 2.a aims to: Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.
  16. 16. SDG GOAL 2, TARGET 2.a & INDICATOR 2.a.1 Indicator 2.a.1 monitors progress in achieving Target 2.a Indicator 2.a.1: The Agriculture Orientation Index (AOI) for Government Expenditures: • refers to domestic public flows to agriculture • compares central government’s relative contribution to the agricultural sector compared to the sector’s contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
  17. 17. INDICATOR 2.A.1 - FORMULA 𝑨𝑶𝑰 = 𝑨𝒈𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝑺𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝑪𝒆𝒏𝒕𝒓𝒂𝒍 𝑮𝒐𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒏𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝑬𝒙𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒅𝒊𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝑨𝒈𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒆 𝑺𝒉𝒂𝒓𝒆 𝒐𝒇 𝑮𝑫𝑷 = 𝐶𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝐺𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑛𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑔𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐶𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝐺𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑛𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 ∗ 100 𝐴𝑔𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑉𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 𝐴𝑑𝑑𝑒𝑑 𝐺𝐷𝑃 ∗ 100 Agriculture includes forestry, fishing and hunting.
  18. 18. INDICATOR 2.A.1. - METHODOLOGY & CLASSIFICATIONS AOI = Agriculture share of GDP based on Governance Finance Statistics methodology The Classification of the Functions of Government based on System of National Accounts International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities Agriculture share of government expenditure
  19. 19. TABLE A: Government expenditure on agriculture and related functions General Government Central Government State Government s Local Government s Consolidatio n Column General Government4 Budgetary Central Government Extrabudgetar y Units Social Security Funds Consolidation Column Central Government3 Functional classification2 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) 7 EXPENDITURE (TOTAL OUTLAYS) 704 Economic Affairs 7042 Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting → Recurrent → Capital 70421 Agriculture (crops and animal husbandry) → Recurrent → Capital 70422 Forestry → Recurrent → Capital 70423 Fishing and hunting → Recurrent → Capital 7048 R&D Economic Affairs 70482 R&D Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 705 Environmental protection 7054 Protection of Biodiversity and Landscape → Recurrent → Capital 7055 R&D Environmental Protection → Recurrent → Capital 7z1 Other, please specify: ________________________ 7z2 Other, please specify: ________________________ Central government expenditure on agriculture Total central government expenditure GEA Questionn aire: List of COFOG categories FAO-GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON AGRICULTURE (GEA) QUESTIONNAIRE & INDICATOR 2.a.1 2.a.1 numerator components from the GEA questionnaire.
  20. 20. WORKSHOP OUTLINE • Government Finance Statistics (GFS) methodology o Identifying expenditures, o Identifying Government Sectors and subsectors, • Tanzanian case study in compiling GEA data • Indicator 2.a.1 – Compilation, rationale, and use, • Mapping government expenditure against COFOG and compiling the FAO GEA questionnaire • Indicator 2.a.1 - Interpretation

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