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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Challenges in compiling Indicator 2.a.1 - Tanzania case study

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Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1, Turin, Italy, March 2018 - Challenges in compiling Indicator 2.a.1 - Tanzania case study

  1. 1. Workshop on SDG Indicator 2.a.1; Turin, Italy, 27 - 28 March 2018 CHALLENGES IN COMPILING Indicator 2.a.1 Tanzania case study Sangita Dubey, Senior Statistician/Team Leader, FAO Titus Mwisomba, Manager of Agriculture Statistics, Tanzania Bureau of Statistics Giulia Gonnella, Statistician, FAO
  2. 2. INDICATOR 2.A.1- COUNTRY COMPILATION PROCESS Institutional and legal mandate Coordination mechanisms Methodology: application of GFSM &COFOG GEA data compiled& reported to FAO Indicator 2.a.1 compiled by FAO
  3. 3. INDICATOR 2.A.1- COMPILING CHALLENGES IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONAL Challenges compiling GEA data & Indicator 2.a.1:
  4. 4. INDICATOR 2.A.1- COMPILATION CHALLENGES • Legislation & institutions enable the compilation of pubic accounts and government finance statistics across and within levels of government Institutional • Coordination mechanisms support compilation and reporting of public accounts and Government Finance Statistics Implementation • Compilation of Government Finance Statistics using GFSM & COFOG Methodology
  5. 5. POSSIBLE SCENARIOS – FIRST BEST • Up-to-date Statistics Act and Public Accounts Legislation Appropriate Legislation and Institutions • Official Inter-agency/Inter- ministerial Task Force led by Central Planning Agencies (across levels of governments) and NSO Institutional coordination mechanisms • GFSM based data compiled covering all levels of government Sufficient statistical capacity and expertise
  6. 6. POSSIBLE SCENARIOS – SECOND BEST • Statistics Act and Public Accounts Legislation exist, but components may be outdated. Legislation and Institutions exist • Semi-official/official Inter-agency Task Force at Central Government level, led by Central Planning Agency and NSO Some Institutional coordination mechanisms • GFSM based data compiled for Central Government or Budgetary Central Government Some statistical capacity and expertise
  7. 7. POSSIBLE SCENARIOS – THIRD BEST • Statistics Act and/or Public Accounts Legislation are out-dated Appropriate Legislation and Institutions do not exist • Limited inter-agency coordination; no coordination across levels of government Little institutional coordination mechanisms • Government expenditures are not GFSM-compliant Insufficient statistical capacity and expertise
  8. 8. TANZANIA EXAMPLE: • Public Finance Act 2001 & the Accountant General (AG) • Statistics Act 2015 & the NBS Appropriate Legislation and Institutions exist • National GFS Technical Team, chaired by Ministry of Finance and Planning with members drawn from Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics, Central Bank, Tanzania Revenue Authority Central Government institutional coordination mechanisms • GFSM applied by Ministry of Finance and COFOG applied by statisticians in Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics Sufficient statistical capacity and expertise
  9. 9. GEA & INDICATOR 2.a.1 IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGE Establish the coordination mechanisms between and within institutions that enables the compilation of public accounts and the mapping of these public accounts against the GFS and COFOG
  10. 10. TANZANIA CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET PROCESS (1) Parliament - Approves budget Accountant General - Executes & distributes budget Ministries & Agencies – request & implement budget allocation to programs Ministry of Finance & Planning – Monitors requests & program spending; proposes budget allocations/modifications
  11. 11. Accountant General Provides summary of Government revenues, expenditures and financing Controller and Auditor General (CAG) Ministry of Finance and Planning (MoF) prepares financial statements verifies compliance of budget at activity level TANZANIA CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET PROCESS (2)
  12. 12. Ministries Accountant General (AG) Ministry of Finance & Planning (MoFP) Actual spending at activity level TANZANIA CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET PROCESS (3)
  13. 13. prepare financial statement report Controller and Auditor General (CAG) Public Accounts Committee (PAC) TANZANIA CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET PROCESS (4) PAC is a parliamentary committee mandated to: • access CAG report, • investigate discrepancies between allocations and spending, • take appropriate actions.
  14. 14. prepare financial statement report Controller and Auditor General (CAG) prepare financial statement report GFS task force Public Accounts Committee (PAC) TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (1)
  15. 15. Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (2)
  16. 16. Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force • responsible for the coordination and oversight of the GFS implementation process, • owns and publishes the GFS data • plays the role of Chairperson of the GFS task force TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (3)
  17. 17. TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (4) Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force • responsible for compiling the government finance statistics, o Has access to finance data, o Applies international standards, • plays the role of Secretary of the GFS task force
  18. 18. TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (5) The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), as stated in the Statistics Act 2015, is the institution responsible for production, coordination, supervision and dissemination of official statistics, and for the custodianship of official statistics in the country.
  19. 19. TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (6) Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force responsible for providing data on debt
  20. 20. TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (7) Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force responsible for providing income tax data
  21. 21. TANZANIA GFSM IMPLEMENTATION (8) Ministry of Finance and Planning National Bureau of Statistics Local Government Authority Bank of Tanzania Tanzania Revenue Authority GFS task force responsible for providing data on the district’s revenues and expenditures
  22. 22. GEA COUNTRY IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES (1) • “Own” expenditure/program data • Compile public accounts, including expenditures • Apply statistical classifications & methodologies • Publish public accounts • Publish GFSM-based government expenditures • Audit public accounts First question: which institutions are mandated to: What is the relationship between these institutions in coordinating GFSM-based government expenditures?
  23. 23. Tanzania: Implementation, Challenges, Needs • How did you implement compilation of Government Finance Statistics (GFS) statistics? What innovations were introduced? • Updated the statistics act - Statistics Act 2015 – to reflect current socio-economic and political challenges for activities of the NBS • Established National GFS Technical team and sector committees • Focused first on central government budgetary units • What challenges remain? • Expansion of GFS and COFOG to include extra-budgetary units planned; need to expand to social security funds, and consolidation column. • Expansion of GFS and COFOG to include the 25 regional governments’ and multiple district/municipal councils’ expenditures is highly challenging, as in most countries
  24. 24. Tanzania: Implementation, Challenges, Needs • What challenges remain (continued)? • Statisticians compiling the AOI (Indicator 2.a.1) need to develop stories behind this, to inform policy design and implementation • Decision makers need to use the AOI to make effective evidence-based decisions, and share information on AOI use • What technical assistance is required from FAO to address the remaining challenges? • FAO could provide technical training to enhance the expertise of data compilers and providers, and create awareness and use of the AOI in evidence-based decision making • This would be particularly useful if combined with IMF general training on Government Finance Statistics that covers more than government expenditure on agriculture

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