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Women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience to climate shocks and soil degradation in Mongolia


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Women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience to climate shocks and soil
degradation in Mongolia, by Munkhbolor Gungaa, FAO Mongolia, Promoter of the Mongolian Alliance
of Nomadic Indigenous People (MANIP) and of the World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples and
Pastoralists (WAMIP).

Published in: Education
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Women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience to climate shocks and soil degradation in Mongolia

  1. 1. Women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience to climate shocks and soil degradation in Mongolia Ms. Munkhbolor Gungaa (Bolor), Communication, M&E and Networking Coordinator, FAO Representation in Mongolia Promoter of MANIP and WAMIP – Pastoralist Alliance Rome, 1-2 December 2016
  2. 2. Brief intro and foreword I am one of the descendants of nomadic family born in the Gobi desert of Mongolia. I work as a Communication, M&E and Networking Coordinator at FAO Representation in Mongolia. I am a co-promoter of Mongolian and World Alliances of Pastoralists. Since my Statement on behalf of the CSOs at the ICN2 in 2014, it is my great honour to be here again to present about Mongolian women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience.
  3. 3. Mongolia at a glance • Landlocked country with extreme continental climate. • 90% of territory - desertification - rangelands, supporting about 60 million heads of livestock and numerous population of wild animals • 62% of the whole territory is affected by drought in 2016. Total 62,719 herder families/42% are affected and lived in poor condition. • Widespread drought in the summer of 2015 covering 1/3 of the country, winter situation of 2015/2016 has reached the level of dzud emergency. • Frost on the soil reached -50C and on the air -30/-35C on average • Herders had to use up all reserve hay and forage prepared for winter within first month to keep the animals alive. As National Emergency Agency reports, 70 per cent of total territory was affected by dzud in 2016 • As of 4 April, 720 000 livestock is lost nationwide
  4. 4. Winter condition & Risk levels as of Nov 2016 Extreme High Medium Moderate Low Risk level Source:
  5. 5. Women pastoralists for improved nutrition and increased resilience • Pastoralists in Mongolia have faced • both climate-related shocks (such as droughts and winter freezes — dzuds) • rapid economic change. • In response, they have taken collective action to reduce risks to their income, nutrition and wellbeing. Collective management has helped store animal fodder for hard times and diversification has raised herders’ incomes, which better protects food security. • Pastoralist women have played multi-functional roles • Pastoralist women ensure food security, safeguard seeds and breeds, create employment through adding value to the livestock products, and transfer knowledge to youth • Developing alternative income sources based on the livestock products such as milk, meat, leather, wool and cashmere
  6. 6. SEMI-INTENSIVE, INTENSIVE LIVESTOCK -Dairy Cows, Poultry and Swine - High/Semi-high inputs - Need to manage manure, carbon foot print, use locally grown crops for feed to improve sustainability EXTENSIVE LIVESTOCK - Sheep, goat, camel, cow, yak, horse and reindeer - Agroecological products based on rangeland fed animals - Need branding, efficient value chains and marketing to increase income MONGOLIAN AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK Within the framework of FAO`s PKHub and GASL, Mongolia is developing NASL
  7. 7. Wool and cashmere as alternative income for better nutrition and healthy diet Yak milk rich in calcium and iron, under the extreme-high altitude High levels of antioxidant vitamins, specific enzymes, and bacteria with probiotic activity Lamb - High quality protein, B vitamin – healthy immune system
  8. 8. Nutrition and healthy diet • Insufficient amount of vitamin and micronutrients • Average daily intake of vegetables for adults, 1.6 serving size is more than twice less than WHO recommendation of 4 serving size per day. • Rural population is more susceptible to micronutrients deficiency and the per capita energy intake for low income families was 1,728.2 kcal, which is only 63.3% of the total requirement. • Children under 5 years old seriously suffer from nutritional anemia, rickets, micronutrients deficiency such as vitamin A, D and zinc that affect sizeable proportion of pregnant women
  9. 9. Summary • Ways of survival and resilience: – Livestock herding, production, processing and marketing – Integration in value chains, diversified market opportunities – Introducing innovation technology – Capacity building (such as financial literacy, obtaining info) – Awareness raising on nutrition and healthy diet • Reform in life attitudes and policy coordination and shift from Quantity to Quality! • Women pastoralists` engagement in national and global platforms such as MANIP, WAMIP/WOPA, FAO Pastoralist Knowledge Hub, GASL and ICN2 follow up actions
  10. 10. Lorem ipsum dolor Women pastoralists play an important role towards increasing resilience to climate change; they must be supported by provision of improved market opportunities, technology and capacity building, and awareness raising on nutrition and healthy diet. Thank you for your attention!