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Uruguay’s experience

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www.fao.org/climatechange

The presentation was presented by Walter Oyhantcabal, Director of the Agriculture and Climate Change Unit of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fishery of Uruguay, on Day 2 of the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Workshop, 5-7 April 2016, Rome, Italy.

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Uruguay’s experience

  1. 1. Session 4:“Uruguay´s experience"
  2. 2. Here we are!!!
  3. 3. • Uruguay: country with the economy strongly based on agriculture (70% of exports).
  4. 4. On the path of growth Uruguayan “Smart Agriculture” can feed 50 million people
  5. 5. • Soils conservation: from traditional plowing to no-till systems, that embrace over 90% of area Intensification of agricultural production must be sustainable
  6. 6. Context: need to consider several goals at the same time 1. Produce more food and raw matters. 2. Minimize negative impacts to environment . 3. Build resilience to CC.
  7. 7. Challenges of adaptation
  8. 8. Adaptation in the livestock sector is a priority for Uruguay
  9. 9. Institutional framework for climate change coordination: institutional set up and mechanism, regulatory/policy/strategic framework • National System of Response to Climate Change (SNRCC) • Climate, Water and Environment Cabinet and Secretary. • Ministry of Environment (MVOTMA): CC Division, focal point. • Ministry of Agriculture (MGAP): Agriculture & CC Unit (UACC, created in 2000), part of Agricultural Planning and Policies Office + networking • Local governments actions.
  10. 10. Institutional structure
  11. 11. First national document: 2010 (year that Cancun Adaptation Framework was established)
  12. 12. With FAO support: progress to answer key questions ¿Adatp to what/where/who , how? ¿How to reduce vulnerability and build resilience?
  13. 13. Initiatives related to Uruguay NAP and agriculture/climate policy • Diagnosis and general strategy (2010) • National Policy for CC (2016) • TNA (2015) • National Communications (3rd in 2010, 4th to be presented in June 2016) • Battery of initiatives on.going: • Adaptation Fund project, • DACC project, • EWS • Index insurances • Soil Conservation policy, • Water policy (water harvest, suplementary irrigation), • NAP GSP for non-LCD (UNEP-UNDP)
  14. 14. Best practice of climate financing/fiscal framework as a means to leverage domestic and international financial support • COMAP: National system that promotes investments: projects with adaptation and mitigations proposals recieve extra points in the evaluation process. • Subsidies to index insurances • Adaptation Fund and DACC projects (subsidies to investment and technical assistance) with farmers´counterpart and revolving funds
  15. 15.  From 2008 to 2014 were promoted investments in irrigation projects of US$ 140million, through a tax waiver that surpassed US$ 76 million Investment Promotion Policy (COMAP) Adaptation to climate change TOTAL INVESTMENT (US$) FISCAL EXEMPTION (US$) % of exemption 2010 10.072.221 5.465.841 54% 2011 8.801.298 4.507.704 51% 2012 19.936.328 10.931.598 55% 2013 27.177.041 14.206.371 52% 2014* 73.807.461 41.026.796 56% TOTAL 139.794.683 76.138.311 55% * Hasta junio
  16. 16. Pronóstico Climatico del IRI (3 meses) Monitoreo y Pronóstico Balance Agua Monitoreo y Pronóstico Pasturas Monitoreo Existencias (SNIG) EWS Productores familiares DGDR Mapas de Riesgo
  17. 17. Serie histórica de 30 años de NDVI Datos satelitales MODIS/LTDR Vacas de cría por sección policialMapa de uso del suelo Herramienta de tarificación Suma asegurada por SP Risk characterization and index insurances
  18. 18. Mapping stakeholders
  19. 19.  Promotion of associative projects  Application of new criteria to guide investment promotion - COMAP Water for livestock and irrigation Adaptation to climate change
  20. 20. Q1: Is climate vulnerability a function of climate change? • A: Partially. V = ʃ ( E, S. AC)
  21. 21. Entry points for sectoral integration in NAP process and NAP Ag project • Actors map • Mainstreaming adaptation in sustainable development policies. Co-benefits approach. • Climate resilient livelihoods in rural areas. • Capacity building. • Financial support to vulnerable stakeholders • Assessing vulnerabilities and impacts for rural sector and society as a whole • Align National and local govermnents plans and actions.
  22. 22. We see two integration challenges and paths NAPs Rural development policies and plans Agricultural adaptation plans
  23. 23. Some partial lessons so far… • We know past better than future and we are not well adapted to present. We have underestimated the lessons from the past. • Agriculture is the most heterogeneous sector • Policies based on science • Farmers´ centered & ecosystem based adaptation • Start from pesent needs by farmers • Knowledge management (including impacts assessment) is key
  24. 24. Adaptation is a long and winding road! Thank you very much!

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