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Trends in food consumption and drivers of change

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David Hallam, Former Director EST/FAO
Expert consultation on trade and nutrition
15-16 November 2016, FAO Headquarters, Rome
http://www.fao.org/economic/est/est-events-new/tradenutrition/en/

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Trends in food consumption and drivers of change

  1. 1. Trends in food consumption and drivers of change David Hallam Expert consultation on trade and nutrition, 15-16 November 2016, FAO.
  2. 2. Trends in food consumption patterns by region (Kcal/Person/Day; FAO)
  3. 3. Trends in food consumption patterns by region (Kcal/Person/Day; FAO) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (b) Africa Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  4. 4. Trends in food consumption patterns by region (Kcal/Person/Day; FAO) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (c) North America Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  5. 5. Trends in food consumption patterns by region (Kcal/Person/Day; FAO) 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (d)Eastern Asia Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  6. 6. Trends in food consumption patterns by income groups (Kcal/Person/Day) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (a) High Income Countries Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  7. 7. Trends in food consumption patterns by income groups (Kcal/Person/Day) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (b) Upper Middle Income Countries Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  8. 8. Trends in food consumption patterns by income groups (Kcal/Person/Day) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1961 1963 1965 1967 1969 1971 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 (c) Lower Middle Income Countries Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  9. 9. Trends in food consumption patterns by income groups (Kcal/Person/Day) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (d) Low Income Countries Others Sugar & Sweeteners Vegetable Oils Meat Milk Fruits & Vegetables Starchy Roots Cereals
  10. 10. Drivers of change in food consumption patterns (from Traill et.al., 2014)
  11. 11. What do the data show? • preliminary quantitative analysis • data limitations • importance of income and urbanisation • limited importance of trade and FDI • directions for further research
  12. 12. What are the policy implications? • Nutrition sensitive policies? • Policy targets – prices, preferences, access, availability • Agrculture • Value chains • Trade • Consumers

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