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Towards a Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS)

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The 5th NENA Soil Partnership meeting
01 Apr 2019 - 02 Apr 2019
Cairo, Egypt
Lucrezia Caon, GSP secretariat

Published in: Education
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Towards a Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS)

  1. 1. Towards a Global Soil Information System Ms. Lucrezia Caon, GSP Secretariat
  2. 2. Pillar 1: Promote sustainable management of soil resources for soil protection, conservation and sustainable productivity Pillar 2: Encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education, awareness and extension in soil Pillar 3: Promote targeted soil research and development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies with related productive, environmental and social development actions Pillar 4: Information and Data Pillar 5: Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicator for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources
  3. 3. Pillar 4: Information and Data Goal: to enhance the quality and availability of soil data and information Essentially addresses the development of an enduring and authoritative global system to monitor and forecast the condition of the Earth’s soil resources
  4. 4. Provides the guidance to build the Global Soil Information System (GloSIS).
  5. 5. Core characteristics:  A flagship initiative of the Global Soil Partnership  Relies on national capacities and National Soil Information Systems  Data and information are owned by the member countries  The GSP supports countries in developing their own soil information systems (capacity development)
  6. 6. Core characteristics:  A flagship initiative of the Global Soil Partnership  Relies on national capacities and National Soil Information Systems  Federated architecture
  7. 7. Federation ➔Federation of soil information systems (SIS), in which different nodes are able to communicate using common standards ➔This federated approach will empower countries to develop their national soil information systems as reference centres for national soil information.
  8. 8. CountrySIS The GSP will support and encourage the participation of countries in GloSIS through the ‘CountrySIS’ framework. CountrySIS Framework will define the technical specifications for such systems, as well as implementation manuals, tools and software.
  9. 9. Participation Levels The federative architecture will allow data providers to choose between three different levels of adhesion to GloSIS: 1. Ad hoc implementation - a SIS, that based on diverse technologies, is able to publish data complying with the GloSIS data exchange model. This is likely to be the case for the countries that already have a SIS in place and wish to join GloSIS.
  10. 10. 2. Reference implementation - data providers build their soil information system based on the reference implementation of a GloSIS node, which is an off- the-shelf, deployable bundle of technologies that perform the functions of a node, plus data management. Participation Levels
  11. 11. 3. Support implementation - for data providers lacking the resources or knowledge to set up and maintain a reference node. In this case their data are stored and published by the support node, thus automatically complying with the GloSIS domain model and the data exchange. Participation Levels
  12. 12. Core characteristics:  A flagship initiative of the Global Soil Partnership  Relies on national capacities and National Soil Information Systems  Federated architecture  Co-operative design, actively involving all stakeholders
  13. 13. • Strengthen national capacities on soil information • Improved visibility of national SIS; enhance usability of soil data. • Modernising existing SIS using diverse technologies • Contribute to more consistent and accurate global soil data products • Decentralised resources and control; • Better interoperability; • to support (inter)national scientific research; • to address trans-boundary issues. • Supports private sector in countries to reach up-to-date soil information and assess soil resources at multiscale. Benefits for Countries
  14. 14. GloSIS – Gridded Data Products ➔ Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOCmap) (Launched – V1.2.0) ➔Global Soil Erosion Map (Concept Note) ➔Global Soil Salinity Map (Technical Specs) ➔Global Assessment of Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Potential(Technical Specs) ➔ Global Black Soil Distribution Map (INBS) (Concept Note)
  15. 15. Challenges Challenging to coordinate efforts Difficult to overcome political and data ownership issues Requires consensus on architecture, business rules and semantics among disparate groups Complex and challenging technical environment GSP Secretariat Soil Data Facility GSP Data Policy (Endorsed by the GSP Plenary Assembly) GSP PA, GSP Secretariat, Soil Data Facility, Pillar 5, Pillar 4, INSII PROBLEM SOLUTION
  16. 16. Challenges Ambitious Work Plan for Data Products Data sharing, ownership issues Technical Product Specifications, Guidelines, Cookbook Manuals Technical Capacities GSP Secretariat (Resource Mobilisation, Network, Delivery Mechanisms) GSP Capacity Development Programme GSP Data Policy (Endorsed by the GSP Plenary Assembly) P4WG, INSII, ITPS IUSS GSM WG? PROBLEM SOLUTION Harmonisation Issues
  17. 17. The GloSIS Federation cannot be built without consistent and comparable harmonised soil information. Pillar 5 provides mechanisms for collation, analysis and exchange of consistent and comparable global soil data and information
  18. 18. How is behind Pillar 4? • INSII - The International Network of Soil Information Institutions forms the technical backbone of Pillar 4 • P4WG (Pillar 4 Working Group) The INSII network is supported by a technical working group of soil information experts. It’s the supervisory body of Pillar 4 implementation. Also, it conducts tasks delegated by INSII • SDF (GSP Soil Data Facility) is to provide technical and infrastructural support to the Global Soil Information System (GloSIS). ISRIC World Soil Information appointed by the GSP PA for 3 years mandate (2017-2020).
  19. 19. Country Representative in INSII Algeria Bahrain Egypt Iraq Waleed Muhammed Mikhlef Al-Shafie Islamic Republic of Iran Jordan Kingdom Saudi Arabia Kuwait Lebanon Libya Morocco Rachid Moussadek Oman Palestine Qatar Sudan Abdelmagid Ali Elmobark Syria Tunisia Nadhem Brahim Yemen Mohammed Hezam Al-Mashreki It is very important for countries to be represented in these groups and in INSII especially
  20. 20. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1. Have a good idea of what is available at the national level.
  21. 21. Yes 68% No 11% NA 21% Countries participating in the survey Jordan & Saudi Arabia Kuwati, Libya, Qatar, United Arab Emirates
  22. 22. 37% 25% 19% 19% Soil Information System Yes No In process of establishing NA
  23. 23. 37% 19% 44% Digital databases of soil properties Yes No In process of establishing Yes 25% No 62% NA 13% Is the data publicly accessible? Yes 87% NA 13% Is all the data georefrenced? Yes 56% No 25% NA 19% Was the database recently updated?
  24. 24. Yes 87% NA 13% Countries with profiles on Soil salinity Yes 31% No 56% NA 13% Countries with profiles on Soil pollution
  25. 25. Yes 31% No 44% NA 25% Is a quality control performed? 6 6 3 4 Lack of skilled staff Insufficient equipment supply Lack of national conceptual model and standard Lack of communication between organizations Main constraints for developing/maintaining a digital databases of soil properties
  26. 26. 11% 78% 11% Soil Monitoring System Yes No In process of establishing
  27. 27. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1. Have a good idea of what is available at the national level. Fragmentation of data should be overcome! Country submission 1 Country submission 2 Publicly accessible Yes No Data from before 1960 0 2930 1960-1990 40000 8178 1990-2010 46000 57 Data on Soil Salinity Yes No Quality control Yes No Table 1 Table highlighting contrasting answers submitted by the same country
  28. 28. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1. Have a good idea of what is available at the national level. Fragmentation of data should be overcome! - STEP 1: National Focal Points to compile a list of institutions dealing with soil data. Please specify which institutions you are in contact already and which ones you are not. - STEP 2: Ask the institutions identified in STEP 1 to answer the “Country Soil Information Survey” - STEP 3: make a country specific analysis. o What are the barriers, limitations, gaps, etc. to data exchange? o Study how to bring those data together and ultimately get these institutions to work together? 2. Harmonize national databases (link to GLOSOLAN) 3. Produce maps, websites, etc. Only at this stage we can talk about NSIS

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