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FAO Economic and Social Development Department
Social protection and agriculture:
breaking the cycle of rural poverty
The ...
FAO Economic and Social Development Department
#sofa15
Social protection: Why FAO?
• Most of the poor and hungry live in
r...
#sofa2014#sofa15
Most of the extreme poor live
in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
#sofa2014#sofa15
Most of the extreme poor live in rural areas
#sofa2014#sofa15
Key factors reducing poverty and hunger
• Economic growth necessary, but not sufficient
– Needs to be inc...
#sofa2014#sofa15
Most in developing world not covered by social protection
#sofa2014#sofa15
Poorest households more likely to be covered
by social protection, but the shares vary
#sofa2014#sofa15
SP protects poor, prevents worse deprivation
• Social protection reduces poverty
– In 2013, SP measures p...
#sofa2014#sofa15
Social protection empowers, encourages investment
• Boosts demand for local goods, services, economy
• Lo...
#sofa2014#sofa15
Social protection alone not enough
to eliminate poverty
• Addressing chronic poverty and food
insecurity ...
#sofa2014
Incomes, investment requirements
#sofa2014
Incomes of poor, poverty line
#sofa2014#sofa15
For more information …
The State of
Food and Agriculture 2015
Social protection and agriculture:
breaking...
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 - Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty

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http://www.fao.org/publications/sofa/en

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger. Many developing countries increasingly recognize that social protection measures are needed to relieve the immediate deprivation of people living in poverty and to prevent others from falling into poverty when a crisis strikes.

This edition of The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 makes the case that social protection measures will help break the cycle of rural poverty and vulnerability, when combined with broader agricultural and rural development measures. This introductory chapter provides a conceptual framework that highlights the linkages among social protection, rural household consumption and production, and poverty alleviation. It focuses on rural poverty and emphasizes the importance of agriculture and agricultural development as the primary pathways out of poverty for millions of family farms. It briefly introduces concepts related to social protection and summarizes related recent trends in low- and middle- income countries.

©FAO

Published in: Education
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 - Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty

  1. 1. FAO Economic and Social Development Department Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 #sofa15 Rome, 13 October 2015
  2. 2. FAO Economic and Social Development Department #sofa15 Social protection: Why FAO? • Most of the poor and hungry live in rural areas • In informal sector, not modern formal sector • State of world economy, bleak prospects • Existing economic distribution difficult to reform • From protection to production • 2012 GA: Social protection floor • SDGs: Preamble, 1, 5, 10
  3. 3. #sofa2014#sofa15 Most of the extreme poor live in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
  4. 4. #sofa2014#sofa15 Most of the extreme poor live in rural areas
  5. 5. #sofa2014#sofa15 Key factors reducing poverty and hunger • Economic growth necessary, but not sufficient – Needs to be inclusive to reach the poorest • Increase productivity of smallholder and family farming – Improves incomes and access to food • Access to rural markets – Provides market and employment opportunities • Reduce impact of natural and human-made disasters – Of 20 countries in protracted crisis, only Ethiopia reached the MDG hunger target • Increase coverage of social protection – Reduces poverty and hunger directly – Fosters economic opportunities and builds resilience • SP includes interventions to: – reduce social and economic risk and vulnerability – alleviate extreme poverty and deprivation
  6. 6. #sofa2014#sofa15 Most in developing world not covered by social protection
  7. 7. #sofa2014#sofa15 Poorest households more likely to be covered by social protection, but the shares vary
  8. 8. #sofa2014#sofa15 SP protects poor, prevents worse deprivation • Social protection reduces poverty – In 2013, SP measures prevented 150 m. people worldwide from falling into poverty. • Social protection reduces food insecurity and seasonal hunger – Improves quantity and quality of food consumption, increases dietary diversity • Having a SP system in place enables governments to react quickly to crises • Gender-sensitive social protection increases positive impact on food security
  9. 9. #sofa2014#sofa15 Social protection empowers, encourages investment • Boosts demand for local goods, services, economy • Long-term effects of improved human resources • Increases on- and off-farm investment, production • Helps households manage risk • Reduces burden on social networks and informal insurance mechanisms • Broadens labour choices, but does not reduce work effort • Adults tend to move from casual agricultural wage labour to on-farm activities • Children work less and go to school more • SP affordable in all countries, especially middle- income countries; LICs could do more with aid
  10. 10. #sofa2014#sofa15 Social protection alone not enough to eliminate poverty • Addressing chronic poverty and food insecurity requires long-term, predictable social protection and complementary measures • Social protection, agricultural investments part of rural development strategy • Programmes necessary to address structural constraints faced by poor households • Social protection and agricultural investments together build resilience • e.g. Purchase from Africans for Africa Programme (PAA) creates markets for family farmers to meet demand for social protection programmes. Home grown school-feeding programmes are examples of IPPs. In Africa, they sometimes build on WFP’s Purchase for Progress, P4P.
  11. 11. #sofa2014 Incomes, investment requirements
  12. 12. #sofa2014 Incomes of poor, poverty line
  13. 13. #sofa2014#sofa15 For more information … The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty FAO‘s major annual flagship publication Available in: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish www.fao.org/publications/sofa

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