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Rome | 17 October 2016
Good news: The global community is taking notice
Why a report on climate, agriculture and food security?
FAO Economic and ...
Climate change affects agricultural production
FAO Economic and Social Development Department 3 / 12
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50...
 Serious implications from reductions in production and
productivity
 Smallholder agriculture particularly vulnerable to...
-4.4
-7.5
-7.8
-8.8
-12.0
-14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0
Integrated soil fertility management
Precision agriculture
Heat-tolera...
4/16
Potential for mitigation exists, but varies by region
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OECD- 1990 Latin America and
Ca...
Mitigation and adaptation need not be “either or”
 More efficient production and lower intensity of emissions
 Closing y...
Barriers to adoption of improved practices by smallholder
farmers
 Information
 Credit access & resource endowments
 Ri...
Interventions beyond farming practices are needed:
Diversification
Support to risk management – social protection
Reduc...
Emissions beyond the farm can be reduced:
 Less losses and waste of food
 More sustainable diets
 Considering and asses...
 Paris Commitments to be translated into policies
 NAPs to be integrated into agriculture, FSN policies
 In climate fin...
The State of Food and Agriculture 2016
Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
Available in:
Arabic, Chinese, Englis...
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2016

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2016. Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security.

Rome 17 October 2016
© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2016

  1. 1. Rome | 17 October 2016
  2. 2. Good news: The global community is taking notice Why a report on climate, agriculture and food security? FAO Economic and Social Development Department 2 / 12 AT THE SAME TIME For agriculture to adapt and contribute to mitigation, business as usual is not the answer Climate change is already having an impact on agriculture with severe implications for food security The agriculture sectors contribute to climate change with 21% of emissions
  3. 3. Climate change affects agricultural production FAO Economic and Social Development Department 3 / 12 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 2090-2109 (22) 2070-89 (134) 2050-69 (500) 2030-49 (250) 2010-29 (184) Projected changes in crop yields for all locations worldwide owning to climate change Percentage of Yield Projections (n= 1090)
  4. 4.  Serious implications from reductions in production and productivity  Smallholder agriculture particularly vulnerable to climate change risks and impacts  Rural women are among the most vulnerable  Climate change could increase in poverty by between 35 and 122 million people by 2030 No eradication of global poverty without resilient smallholder agriculture FAO Economic and Social Development Department 4 /12
  5. 5. -4.4 -7.5 -7.8 -8.8 -12.0 -14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 Integrated soil fertility management Precision agriculture Heat-tolerant crop varieties No-till Nitrogen-efficient crop varieties Change in 2050 in the number of people at risk of hunger, relative to the baseline scenario, after adoption of selected improved agricultural technologies Percentage difference in population at risk Solutions exist: Improved production systems enhance food security 4/16 FAO Economic and Social Development Department 5/ 12
  6. 6. 4/16 Potential for mitigation exists, but varies by region 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 OECD- 1990 Latin America and Caribbean Middle East and Africa Asia Thousands Crop Livestock Forestry Economic mitigation potential in the AFOLU sector in 2030, by region Economic mitigation potential (Gt CO2 Note: Results reported for carbon prices of US$20 per tonne of CO2 eq FAO Economic and Social Development Department Significant potential for mitigation, but varies by region FAO Economic and Social Development Department 6 / 12
  7. 7. Mitigation and adaptation need not be “either or”  More efficient production and lower intensity of emissions  Closing yield gaps (less inputs per unit of production)  Increasing herd productivity (feed/output ratio)  Creating carbon-rich landscapes:  In forests  In agriculture Food security can go hand in hand with mitigation FAO Economic and Social Development Department 7/12
  8. 8. Barriers to adoption of improved practices by smallholder farmers  Information  Credit access & resource endowments  Risk and shocks  Groups/ social capital  Land tenure security  Labour availability FAO Economic and Social Development Department 8/12 Changing farming practices: meeting the challenges
  9. 9. Interventions beyond farming practices are needed: Diversification Support to risk management – social protection Reducing gender inequalities Removing perverse incentives and harmful subsidies Beyond the farm: Making livelihoods more resilient FAO Economic and Social Development Department 9/12
  10. 10. Emissions beyond the farm can be reduced:  Less losses and waste of food  More sustainable diets  Considering and assessing energy use in modern food systems Beyond the farm: GHG emissions’ reduction in food systems FAO Economic and Social Development Department 10/12
  11. 11.  Paris Commitments to be translated into policies  NAPs to be integrated into agriculture, FSN policies  In climate finance :Addressing the capacity challenge  Financing the enabling environment for climate-smart agriculture  Mainstreaming climate change in domestic budgets  Unlocking private capital for climate-smart agricultural investment Way Forward: Policies and Climate Finance FAO Economic and Social Development Department 15/16
  12. 12. The State of Food and Agriculture 2016 Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Available in: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish http://fao.org/publications/sofa For more information… FAO Economic and Social Development Department 12/12 THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

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