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REPORT HIGHLIGHTS
Trends
Major drivers
of change in
the 21st century
• Demand of agricultural
products is expected to rise by
50% from 2013 to 2050
• Demand shifts towards fruits,
vegetables,...
• Yield growth is slowing down
• Competition for land and water
resources is intensifying
• Yield growth is hampered by th...
• Low- and middle income
countries invest much less
relative to the size of
agricultural sector
• Also, most investment in...
• Around 700 million people are
extremely poor today
• Almost 800 million people are
chronically hungry
and 2 billion suff...
• In the coming decades, 200
million jobs will need to be
created for young people in
sub-Saharan Africa
• Agriculture may...
• Large scale input markets and
distribution systems are more
concentrated
• Food chains are getting longer:
- larger ecol...
• Agriculture, forestry and land use
contribute one fifth of them
• Dietary transition exacerbates
pressure on natural res...
Challenges
Global challenges
facing food
and agriculture
• Sustainably improving agricultural productivity to meet
increasing demand
• Ensuring a sustainable natural resource base...
• Eradicating extreme poverty and reducing inequality
• Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition
• Improving income ear...
The Report
is available at
www.fao.org/3/a-i6583e.pdf
CONTACT
Global Perspectives Studies
www.fao.org/global-perspectives-...
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The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges

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Description: the presentation features main findings and highlights of the report “The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges”. The report sheds some light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century. It provides some insights as to what is at stake and what needs to be done.
http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6583e.pdf

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The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges

  1. 1. REPORT HIGHLIGHTS
  2. 2. Trends Major drivers of change in the 21st century
  3. 3. • Demand of agricultural products is expected to rise by 50% from 2013 to 2050 • Demand shifts towards fruits, vegetables, meats and dairy products • On historic trends, meeting demand growth should not be challenging … Population growth, income growth and urbanization will push up and change food demand 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 World High Income Countries Low & Middle Income Countries SAS & SSA Latin America and the Caribbean % Agricultural output growth and demand projections 1961-2012 2012-2050 Will we be able to feed the world by 2050? 2013-20501961-2012
  4. 4. • Yield growth is slowing down • Competition for land and water resources is intensifying • Yield growth is hampered by the degradation of natural resources, and spread of transboundary pests and diseases • Food losses and waste claim a significant proportion of output • Climate change affects food-insecure regions the most Will we be able to feed the world by 2050? … but it will likely be challenging
  5. 5. • Low- and middle income countries invest much less relative to the size of agricultural sector • Also, most investment in R&D for agriculture is concentrated in high-income countries Insufficient investment in agriculture Agricultural investment is rising, but insufficiently and mostly concentrated in high income countries
  6. 6. • Around 700 million people are extremely poor today • Almost 800 million people are chronically hungry and 2 billion suffer micronutrient deficiencies • Under a ‘business-as-usual’ scenario more than 600 million people would still be undernourished in 2030… • ... while overweight and obesity would rise further Poverty, inequality and food security Hunger and extreme poverty declined globally since the 1990s, but…
  7. 7. • In the coming decades, 200 million jobs will need to be created for young people in sub-Saharan Africa • Agriculture may still have an important role to play in new job creation • … and many more along the food chain and through strengthened rural-urban linkages Employment challenges Agricultural employment shares are declining. Where will be the jobs for hundreds of millions of youth?
  8. 8. • Large scale input markets and distribution systems are more concentrated • Food chains are getting longer: - larger ecological footprint - concerns over food quality • More integrated food systems are strengthening rural-urban linkages and creating new employment opportunities, but also induce: - more migratory flows - feminization of agriculture Food systems are changing Food production is changing along with retail channels
  9. 9. • Agriculture, forestry and land use contribute one fifth of them • Dietary transition exacerbates pressure on natural resources • Climate change is: - reducing nutrient content of crops - intensifying natural disasters - enhancing risk of foodborne diseases and transboundary pests and diseases Business as usual is not an option Global greenhouse gas emissions are on the rise
  10. 10. Challenges Global challenges facing food and agriculture
  11. 11. • Sustainably improving agricultural productivity to meet increasing demand • Ensuring a sustainable natural resource base • Addressing climate change and intensification of natural hazards • Preventing transboundary and emerging agriculture and food system threats “Business as usual” cannot be an option: transformative changes are needed Challenges for food stability and availability
  12. 12. • Eradicating extreme poverty and reducing inequality • Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition • Improving income earning opportunities in rural areas and addressing the root causes of migration • Building resilience to protracted crises, disasters and conflicts Challenges for access and utilization • Making food systems more efficient, inclusive and resilient • Addressing the need for coherent and effective national and international governance Systemic challenges
  13. 13. The Report is available at www.fao.org/3/a-i6583e.pdf CONTACT Global Perspectives Studies www.fao.org/global-perspectives-studies

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