Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Technical innovations in Global Desert Locust Early Warning

101 views

Published on

www.fao.org/ag/locusts

An area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) approach involves a preventative rather than a reactive strategy whereby all individuals of the pest population are targeted in time and space, resulting in more cost-effective and sustainable pest management. FAO’s Desert Locust preventive control strategy is a prime example of AW-IPM. The FAO Senior Locust Forecasting Officer was invited to present FAO's Desert Locust early warning system and the use of technical innovations at the Third International Conference on Area-wide Management of Insect Pests: Integrating the Sterile Insect and Related Nuclear and Other Techniques at IAEA, Vienna (Austria) on 22 May 2017.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Technical innovations in Global Desert Locust Early Warning

  1. 1. Technical innovations in Global Desert Locust Early Warning Keith Cressman
  2. 2. Desert Locust Fall Armyworm Caucasus & Central Asia locusts Red Palm Weevil major transboundary pests
  3. 3. Early warning systems in progress Caucasus & Central Asia (since 2010) 75 years Desert Locust (since 1943) emerging Red Palm Weevil (2017) Fall Armyworm (2017)
  4. 4. a swarm of Desert Locust
  5. 5. a swarm the size of Vienna eats the same amount of food in 1 day as everyone in Austria + Switzerland
  6. 6. 50 countries Desert Locust Schistocerca gregaria 20% of the Earth’s land surface
  7. 7. irregular recessions & plagues (1860–2017) 0 13 25 38 50 1860 80 1900 20 40 60 80 2000 recession plaguecountries
  8. 8. YEARS PREVENTIVE $ 570 MILLION CONTROL OPERATIONS (2003–2005) $ 3.3 MILLION ANNUAL COST PREVENTIVE CONTROL (10 COUNTRIES W+NW AFRICA) 3 = 170YEARS CURATIVE
  9. 9. rainfall unusual events temperature increase winds shifting climate change impacts ★ more rapid maturation ★ more frequent outbreaks ★ new invasion areas more Desert Locusts !
  10. 10. information flow FOR AREA-WIDE PEST MANAGEMENT 1. collect 2. analyse 3. advise
  11. 11. Desert Locust early warning system 3 SWARMS geographic information system SEASONAL PREDICTIONS 5 6 1 frontline secondary invasion2 analysis data collection MODIS-DERIVED MAPS 4 advice (outputs) 7 RAINFALL ESTIMATES
  12. 12. Innovations eLocust3 • handheld data logger • data transmission by satellite • navigate to vegetation without Internet Dynamic greenness • MODIS-derived • on-demand delivery by GEE • new: dryness & soil moisture GIS analysis • open-source • use team communications to provide training & support
  13. 13. SUCCESSFUL area-wide pest management ✓ meet & adapt to users’ needs ✓ keep it simple but powerful ✓ issue clear & well-targeted outputs ✓ provide sufficient training & support ✓ give feedback & motivation ✓ develop partnerships & networks ✓ always innovate sensibly
  14. 14. always innovate . . . remote sensing telecommunications computing transport data management
  15. 15. 100km survey2 site inspection3 safe control4ID by satellite1 D R O N E S
  16. 16. extensive survey LONG-DISTANCE DRONE to find green areas within vast desert
  17. 17. ADDITIONAL EXTENSIVE SURVEYS from field base camp 50-100 km
  18. 18. intensive site inspection ROTARY DRONE surveys site for locust infestations
  19. 19. control CONTROL DRONE sprays locust infestations
  20. 20. Desert Locust Fall Armyworm Caucasus & Central Asia locustsRed Palm Weevil • Learn from world’s oldest migratory pest early warning system • Appropriate innovation can lead to success • Adapt & apply to other area-wide pest management

×