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Synergies between adaptation and mitigation at country level: panel discussion + dialogue


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Synergies between adaptation and mitigation at country level: panel discussion + dialogue

Austin Tibu, Land Resources Conservation Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Malawi

© FAO:

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Synergies between adaptation and mitigation at country level: panel discussion + dialogue

  1. 1. Bonn, Germany4th June, 2013Options for Adaptation and Mitigationin Malawi: Some EvidenceAustin TibuMoAFS-Malawi
  2. 2. Malawi and Agriculture• Agriculture sector contributes 40% of the national GDP;• employs 90 % of the 13 milMalawi population;• The sector is transforming inorder to achieve food securitywhile responding to the effectsof climate change;• The agriculture sector remainsrain-fed; vulnerable to dryspells, changes in the onset ofrains, uneven rainfall distribution
  3. 3. Synergistic Adaptation and Mitigation FocusAreas
  4. 4. Adaptation Strategies and Food Security:FAO/EC CSA Preliminary Findings• Favorable rainfall outcomes affect positively thedecision to adopt short-term practices, e.g. use ofinorganic fertilizers;• Unfavorable rainfall outcome encourages farmers toadopt maize-legume intercropping, CA, SWC andorganic manures;• Land tenure security increases the likelihood forfarmers to adopt long-term strategies;• Access to extension services, social capital andcollective action also affect positively the adoptiondecision.
  5. 5. Emerging Evidence: Mitigation-300-250-200-150-100-500501001500 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000$/tCO2et CO2e abated/year1.agronomy_dry2.Integrated nutrientmanagement _dry3.Tillage/residuemgmt_dry4.Integrated nutrientmanagement_moist5.Tillage/residuemgmt_moist6.agronomy_moist7.agroforestry_dry8.agroforestry_moist9.water mgmt_dry10.water mgmt_moistSource: FAO, 2013
  6. 6. Lessons Learned So FarThe need for adaptation and potential for mitigation in agriculturaldevelopment have implications for successful planning to supportfood security and poverty reduction;Barriers to adoption of promising agricultural practices requiresbetter understanding of farmer decision-making, risk managementand smart incentives;Uptake/up-scaling of practices also requires enabling action-supportive policies, institutions and investment - for whichgreater integration and coordination will be essential;Extended transition time to realize some productivity andadaptation benefits of CSA. Means low/negative returns duringtransitionNeed for financing during early phase of transition necessary
  7. 7. Thank you!