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1
Desert Research Center
Sustainable Development Center for
Matrouh Resources (SDCMR)
Ministry of Agriculture and Land Rec...
Matrouh GovernorateMatrouh Governorate
‫مرسى‬
Mediterranean SeaMediterranean Sea
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 3
The North West Coast and its inland desert
suffer from a fragile socio-economic structure,...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 4
5
SDCMR was established in 1994 until the end of 2002 as a project with total
budget of 29.4 million USD financed by the G...
6
• To conserve the natural resource base (water, land and vegetation),
implementing programmes for sustainable natural re...
7
It is a development project with a strong
adaptive research and technology base, serves the
area extends 320 km along th...
8
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for 70% of its Bedouin population.
Crops (barley), horticulture (mainly fig...
9
The main water source for all uses i.e. precipitation, is low and erratic –
the annual long-term average is around 140 m...
Main Constraints
I- Water Resources
• Limitation
• Low Rainfall
• Low water use efficiency
• Shortage of water harvesting Technology
II- Plant Resources
12
• Deterioration of plant cover
• Over grazing
• Fire wooding
• Traditional practices
• Low rangelan...
III- Soil Resources
• Erosion
• Low Fertility
• Low Productivity
• Salinity
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 15
Drought
Effect
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 16
Distribution of Local Communities in the of SDCMR
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 17
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 18
Giving LCs greater responsibility for planning,
managing, implementing and evaluation of ...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 19
Analysis of LC
problems
Proposed
solves
Community
Action PlanLC Annual plan
Annual M&E
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 20
Community
Action Plan
and Budget
Implementation
Monitoring
Evaluation
Problems
analysis
S...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 21
AchievementsAchievements
Water Harvesting
and Wadies
Development
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 22
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 23
Long term objectives:
- Protect, conserve and improve land resources for sustained produc...
Water harvesting systems
1- Floodwater harvesting within streambed
2- Macro-catchment (Ex-situ) water
harvesting system
3-...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 25
Before
development
1-Floodwater harvesting within streambed
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 26
Earth small dykes to slow-down of run-off water
In the down stream of Wadi
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 27
Preparation to cemented dyke structure
Collect hard stones
After
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 28
Flooding in wadi bottom Cisterns in watershed area
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 29
Olive trees
Cemented dykes
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 30
W
adi Development
Cemented dyke
Narrow spill way
Wide Spill way
Delta of wadi
•  Prior to the implementation process, a number of needs assessment meetings were
held by the DRC technical staff with Wa...
Activity Activity Description/ Expected Outputs Unit
Soil and sheet flow conservation - Construction of cemented dykes m3
...
‫وادي الصفا‬
‫وادي الحوشة‬
‫وادي الخروبة‬
•‫أمطار‬
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 38
 Reduce of water erosion in 4000 feddans
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 40
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 41
Poor women HH
hand digging to start cistern construction
First hall
2- Macro-catchment (E...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 42
Cistern
excavation
Opining hall
43
Cistern for WH
Excavation
products
Cover
Run-off way to cistern
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 44
Run-off water
direction into
cistern
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 45
Method of Reservoir construction
In case of soft soil without
hard rocky layers
Stone wal...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 46
Increasing experiencesIncreasing experiences
in Construction ofin Construction of
Reservo...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 47
48
Water harvesting construction
achieved by the project
WH Activity Amount Capacity m3
Cisterns 8590 1245550
R C conserva...
49
3- Micro-catchment (In situ) water harvesting system
Planting pits
Semicircular bunds
50
Ridge-Furrow Water Harvesting System
Range land management
51
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 52
240grazing units were cultivated by indigenous
and introduced fodder shrubs , 12000 fed
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 53
Reseedingtorehabilitatedeterioratedareas
Demi-lunes water harvesting system to produce fodder shrubs
Production of fodder shrubs seedlings
Reseeding native range plants
Rangeland plants Herbarium
Native plant seeds collection
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 59
Fodder shrubs planted with project support
Approach/Activity
Shrubs
planted Area Benefici...
Improvement of field
crops Production
1- Barley Breeding Program
(ICARDA)
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 62
N.MOSELHY New adapted varieties of barley
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 63
FAT FIT
FET
LS
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 64
Line 9 Line 13
Selection of
New Varieties
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 65Local
Quila 1
Large
scale
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 66
ِAdaptive research
Demonstration
fields to
Disseminate of
New Varieties
Field day
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 67
2- Global wheat improvement
program (CIMMYT)
68
Evaluation of 50 drought tolerant wheat genotypes
Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 69
3- Demonstration field of new
crops (MARSADEV)
70
Quinoa or quinua
(Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)
Native to the Andes Mountains
 Referred to as a "pseudocereal
Quinoa
H...
71
Quinoa in press
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 72
Hydroponics forage production
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 73
Improvement of
Horticulture Farming
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 74
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 75
Training and extension service
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 76
Improve post harvest of olive
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 77
Water Use Efficiency
78
Integrated Pest
Management
79
Olive moth infestation
80
Trichogramma egg
parasitoid
To achieve clean
combat of olive moth
81
Olive mothOlive moth
82
May Jun
e
July Aug
.
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mass collection of B. oleae adult stage
“Trap installing”
4 holes
Cotton cord
Trap...
Combating process
(injection) 83
Red Palm Weevil
Improvement of Small Ruminant
Production
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 84
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 85
Barqi Rams
Reproduction
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 86
Health Care
Gender activities
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 87
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 88
Literacy of 6000
Bedouin girls
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 89
Supporting Women by some Income GeneratingSupporting Women by some Income Generating
Acti...
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 90
Assist the women to
obtain formal
Identification Card
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 91
Increasing women scales in Hand Crafts activity to raise her income
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 92
Wool hand crafts inside women house
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 93
W
ool industry
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 94
Products of LCs
from hand crafts
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 95
Carpet
‫الكلي‬‫الكلي‬
‫م‬‫م‬
GoplanGoplan
‫الصوف‬ ‫بطاطين‬
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 96
‫التدريب‬
02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 97
N.
Thanks
Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt
Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt
Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt
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Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt

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http://www.fao.org/pastoralist-knowledge-hub/pastoralist-networks/regional-networks/north-africa-and-the-near-east/en/

The work of the Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt was presented at the Meeting of North African and West Asian Pastoralists that took place from 14-15 January 2016 in Hammamet, Tunisia.

©FAO: www.fao.org

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Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) in Egypt

  1. 1. 1 Desert Research Center Sustainable Development Center for Matrouh Resources (SDCMR) Ministry of Agriculture and Land ReclamationMinistry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz Salem Director of SDCMR E. mail: Hamdi_DRC@yahoo.com
  2. 2. Matrouh GovernorateMatrouh Governorate ‫مرسى‬ Mediterranean SeaMediterranean Sea
  3. 3. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 3 The North West Coast and its inland desert suffer from a fragile socio-economic structure, with a modest contribution to the country's GDP not exceeding 0.7%, although covering over 16% of Egypt’s geographic area it is disadvantaged with being one of the poorest 10 governorates in Egypt,.
  4. 4. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 4
  5. 5. 5 SDCMR was established in 1994 until the end of 2002 as a project with total budget of 29.4 million USD financed by the Government of Egypt, a World Bank (IDA) credit, and contributions from its beneficiaries .
  6. 6. 6 • To conserve the natural resource base (water, land and vegetation), implementing programmes for sustainable natural resource management: and • To alleviate poverty and improve the livelihood of the local Bedouin population, providing support to improve resource management practices, and for agricultural production improvement and socio- economic development. -
  7. 7. 7 It is a development project with a strong adaptive research and technology base, serves the area extends 320 km along the NWC from Ras El- Hekma in the East to El-Salloum on the Libyan border in the West and 60 km on average inland.
  8. 8. 8 Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for 70% of its Bedouin population. Crops (barley), horticulture (mainly fig and olive), and livestock (mainly sheep and goats and some camels) are the main agricultural activities but crop yields are low and highly variable.
  9. 9. 9 The main water source for all uses i.e. precipitation, is low and erratic – the annual long-term average is around 140 mm on the coast and up to 20 km inland, but declines drastically thereafter.
  10. 10. Main Constraints
  11. 11. I- Water Resources • Limitation • Low Rainfall • Low water use efficiency • Shortage of water harvesting Technology
  12. 12. II- Plant Resources 12 • Deterioration of plant cover • Over grazing • Fire wooding • Traditional practices • Low rangeland Management
  13. 13. III- Soil Resources • Erosion • Low Fertility • Low Productivity • Salinity
  14. 14. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 15 Drought Effect
  15. 15. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 16 Distribution of Local Communities in the of SDCMR
  16. 16. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 17
  17. 17. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 18 Giving LCs greater responsibility for planning, managing, implementing and evaluation of their activities Participatory Approach
  18. 18. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 19 Analysis of LC problems Proposed solves Community Action PlanLC Annual plan Annual M&E
  19. 19. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 20 Community Action Plan and Budget Implementation Monitoring Evaluation Problems analysis Solutions
  20. 20. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 21 AchievementsAchievements
  21. 21. Water Harvesting and Wadies Development 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 22
  22. 22. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 23 Long term objectives: - Protect, conserve and improve land resources for sustained production. - Protect and enhance water resources, moderate peak run-off rate and reduce soil erosion, increase role of supplemental irrigation and conserve rainwater for crops and thus mitigate drought. Short time objectives: - Rainwater/ sheet flow harvesting and storage in sub-surface shallow reservoirs for domestic, animal and supplemental/ drip irrigation needs through construction of new cisterns and reservoirs and rehabilitation of existing Roman cisterns. - Soil-water storage enhancement and stream-erosion control by the construction of dykes across the channels and in plain areas. Soil conservation through vegetation improvement/ reseeding and tree belt plantation. Objectives Review for water harvesting and watershed management.
  23. 23. Water harvesting systems 1- Floodwater harvesting within streambed 2- Macro-catchment (Ex-situ) water harvesting system 3- Micro-catchment (In situ) water harvesting system
  24. 24. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 25 Before development 1-Floodwater harvesting within streambed
  25. 25. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 26 Earth small dykes to slow-down of run-off water In the down stream of Wadi
  26. 26. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 27 Preparation to cemented dyke structure Collect hard stones After
  27. 27. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 28 Flooding in wadi bottom Cisterns in watershed area
  28. 28. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 29 Olive trees Cemented dykes
  29. 29. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 30 W adi Development Cemented dyke Narrow spill way Wide Spill way Delta of wadi
  30. 30. •  Prior to the implementation process, a number of needs assessment meetings were held by the DRC technical staff with Wadi local community, to get their feedback before proceeding with the project. • The outcomes of the meetings were the following: • Farmers’ inability to finance the implementation of appropriate interventions to the Wadi development. • Poor community management capacity, including inadequate knowledge of scarce resources conservation and lack of post-implementation maintenance skills. • Lack of necessary technologies and expertise, particularly for arid zone watershed hydraulics, dynamic interaction of water, soil and vegetation and wind-induced erosion and conservation. •
  31. 31. Activity Activity Description/ Expected Outputs Unit Soil and sheet flow conservation - Construction of cemented dykes m3 - Land levelling Fed - Design of civil works (co-funded by DRC) Orchard plantation - Plantation of orchards and field crops Seedling Water harvesting and storage - Construction of cisterns m3 - Construction of shallow reservoirs m3 Training and capacity building - Training programs and capacity building activities Adaptive research - Research study on wadi’s soils profiles and stored water analysis, construction machinery, equipment and vehicles maintenance Technical assistance - Design and installation of management mechanisms and providing the necessary follow up and support actions
  32. 32. ‫وادي الصفا‬
  33. 33. ‫وادي الحوشة‬
  34. 34. ‫وادي الخروبة‬
  35. 35. •‫أمطار‬ 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 38
  36. 36.  Reduce of water erosion in 4000 feddans 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz
  37. 37. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 40
  38. 38. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 41 Poor women HH hand digging to start cistern construction First hall 2- Macro-catchment (Ex-situ) water harvesting system
  39. 39. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 42 Cistern excavation Opining hall
  40. 40. 43 Cistern for WH Excavation products Cover Run-off way to cistern
  41. 41. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 44 Run-off water direction into cistern
  42. 42. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 45 Method of Reservoir construction In case of soft soil without hard rocky layers Stone wall Run-off way into reservoir Soft soil Green House
  43. 43. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 46 Increasing experiencesIncreasing experiences in Construction ofin Construction of ReservoirsReservoirs
  44. 44. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 47
  45. 45. 48 Water harvesting construction achieved by the project WH Activity Amount Capacity m3 Cisterns 8590 1245550 R C conservation 351 89522 Reservoirs 313 44045 Stone dikes 4928 121884 Cemented dikes 181 18106 Earthen dikes 81 22908 1542015m3
  46. 46. 49 3- Micro-catchment (In situ) water harvesting system Planting pits Semicircular bunds
  47. 47. 50 Ridge-Furrow Water Harvesting System
  48. 48. Range land management 51
  49. 49. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 52 240grazing units were cultivated by indigenous and introduced fodder shrubs , 12000 fed
  50. 50. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 53 Reseedingtorehabilitatedeterioratedareas
  51. 51. Demi-lunes water harvesting system to produce fodder shrubs
  52. 52. Production of fodder shrubs seedlings
  53. 53. Reseeding native range plants
  54. 54. Rangeland plants Herbarium
  55. 55. Native plant seeds collection
  56. 56. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 59 Fodder shrubs planted with project support Approach/Activity Shrubs planted Area Beneficiaries Million % Fed % No. % 1. Small areas and windbreaks 4.38 60 9570 52 3190 85 2. Fenced large areas (SRMA) 2.50 35 6250 34 250 8 3. Intercropping on barley plots 0.39 5 2500 14 330 9 Total 7.27 100 18320 100 3770 100 Rangeland improvement activities by SDCMR Activity Hekma Matrouh Negila Barrani East Barrani West Total No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % Shrubs (million) 1.55 21 1.37 19 1.28 18 1.69 23 1.38 19 7.27 100 Reseeding (fed) 430 24 330 18 300 17 410 23 330 18 1800 100
  57. 57. Improvement of field crops Production
  58. 58. 1- Barley Breeding Program (ICARDA)
  59. 59. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 62 N.MOSELHY New adapted varieties of barley
  60. 60. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 63 FAT FIT FET LS
  61. 61. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 64 Line 9 Line 13 Selection of New Varieties
  62. 62. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 65Local Quila 1 Large scale
  63. 63. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 66 ِAdaptive research Demonstration fields to Disseminate of New Varieties Field day
  64. 64. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 67 2- Global wheat improvement program (CIMMYT)
  65. 65. 68 Evaluation of 50 drought tolerant wheat genotypes
  66. 66. Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 69 3- Demonstration field of new crops (MARSADEV)
  67. 67. 70 Quinoa or quinua (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Native to the Andes Mountains  Referred to as a "pseudocereal Quinoa Highly nutritious food (13.8% of crude protein)  Is used to make flour, soup, breakfast cereal, and alcohol
  68. 68. 71 Quinoa in press
  69. 69. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 72 Hydroponics forage production
  70. 70. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 73
  71. 71. Improvement of Horticulture Farming 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 74
  72. 72. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 75 Training and extension service
  73. 73. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 76 Improve post harvest of olive
  74. 74. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 77 Water Use Efficiency
  75. 75. 78 Integrated Pest Management
  76. 76. 79 Olive moth infestation
  77. 77. 80 Trichogramma egg parasitoid To achieve clean combat of olive moth
  78. 78. 81 Olive mothOlive moth
  79. 79. 82 May Jun e July Aug . Sep Oct Nov Dec Mass collection of B. oleae adult stage “Trap installing” 4 holes Cotton cord Trap following up: * Per week, empty the trap catches and re-fill it. * Per month, remove all contents of the trap (water & attractant) and put new. Trap catches
  80. 80. Combating process (injection) 83 Red Palm Weevil
  81. 81. Improvement of Small Ruminant Production 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 84
  82. 82. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 85 Barqi Rams Reproduction
  83. 83. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 86 Health Care
  84. 84. Gender activities 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 87
  85. 85. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 88 Literacy of 6000 Bedouin girls
  86. 86. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 89 Supporting Women by some Income GeneratingSupporting Women by some Income Generating ActivitiesActivities ‫مجتمعية‬ ‫وحدة‬
  87. 87. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 90 Assist the women to obtain formal Identification Card
  88. 88. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 91 Increasing women scales in Hand Crafts activity to raise her income
  89. 89. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 92 Wool hand crafts inside women house
  90. 90. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 93 W ool industry
  91. 91. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 94 Products of LCs from hand crafts
  92. 92. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 95 Carpet ‫الكلي‬‫الكلي‬ ‫م‬‫م‬ GoplanGoplan ‫الصوف‬ ‫بطاطين‬
  93. 93. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 96 ‫التدريب‬
  94. 94. 02/02/16 Dr. Hamdi abdel-Aziz 97 N. Thanks

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