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Status of the Pacific Soil Partnership | Mike Grundy

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Global Soil Partnership Plenary Assembly – Sixth Session
11 – 13 June 2018
FAO HQ

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Status of the Pacific Soil Partnership | Mike Grundy

  1. 1. Presenter name Title presentation Pacific Soil Partnership Mike Grundy
  2. 2. PACIFIC SOIL PARTNERSHIP 22 PICTS, Australia, France, NZ and US FAO supports 14 countries • 22 island nations of the Pacific (11.7m), New Zealand (4.7m) and Australia (24.8m) • Ancient to modern (and generally fragile)  Continental geology –  Australia, New Caledonia, PNG, New Zealand  Older volcanic islands –  Austral islands and part of Fiji  Futuna, Samoa, Tahiti, Wallis  Young volcanic islands – FSM, Tonga, Vanuatu, Taveuni, Rotuma, New Zealand, etc  Uplifted atolls  Nauru, Niue  Loyalty Islands and part of Guam  Low atolls –  ustic– Tokelau, Kiribati, Nth Cooks, part of Tuvalu  Udic - RMI, Tuamotus, Ha’apai
  3. 3. Pillar 1: Promote sustainable management of soil resources for soil protection, conservation and sustainable productivity • Soil is a flagship research and development issue in the Pacific Islands • Supported Fiji’s UNCCD and FAO funded land degradation neutrality project • In promoting the voluntary guidelines for sustainable soil management - PSP is promoting use of targeted compost on atolls and use of Mucuna pruriens as cover crop in higher islands. • Best management in national priorities: • A focus on managing the hydraulic behaviour of NZ soils • SSM reducing sediment, nutrients and pesticides reaching the Great Barrier Reef • New national landscape program in Australia focussed on key soil management issues • New interest by financial companies in ‘natural capital’
  4. 4. Pillar 2: Encourage Investment, Technical Cooperation, Policy, Education, Awareness and Extension • Pacific island nations: • Soil science in the capacity building component of the Pacific Regional Extension Plan (Tonga, Fiji and Kribati) • Aim for national education systems to incorporate soil science into their school curricula. • Soil doctor program in Tonga, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Marshall Islands and Fiji (Hanna quick soil test kits, Solvita respiration tests, and the Palintest SKW 500 soil test kit). • Australia: A focus of state agencies and Soil Science Australia • Soil Security and Planetary Health Conference – Sydney, 4-6 December 2018
  5. 5. Pillar 3: Promote targeted soil research and development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies with related productive, environmental and social development action • ACIAR/FAO support atoll soil health research in the Pacific Islands • New ACIAR Project Soil management in the Pacific Islands: Investigating Nutrient Cycling and Development of a Soil Portal is going to use the concept of mass nutrient balance to guide nutrient cycling and management and also set up a Pacific Soil Portal. • Soil and water management promoted under Climate Smart Agriculture initiatives in the Pacific Islands • New momentum in soil carbon R&D in New Zealand • Renewed interest in SOM dynamics, soil water and irrigation strategies and removing sub-soil constraints
  6. 6. Targeted Composting N - chaya, drumstick, NFTs, Vigna P – pawpaw , drumstick, te kaura, cassava K - young breadfruit lvs, ofenga, chaya Cu - Pisonia, young breadfruit lvs, cassava Mn - castor weed, Vigna, Hedge panax Fe - Vigna, chaya, noni Zn - cassava, hedge panax, Vigna N P K S Cu Zn Mn Fe B Na % % % % mg/k g mg/kg mg/kgmg/kg mg/kg % Max plants 4.9 0.5 2.2 1.2 13 119 65 70 98 1.9 Ash te uri 0.04 0.6 1.2 0.4 16 49 31 380 188 2.2 Ash coco 0.1 1.6 6.3 0.2 144 183 123 382 365 7.5 Mud 0.5 0.04 0.1 0.4 4 5 3 114 71 1.2 Algae 2.5 0.04 0.5 2.1 2 1 5 359 451 9.1 Seaweed 0.00 5.8 2.9 0.5 11 3 153 166 3.0 Seaweed 0.07 2.2 1.3 3 9 5 286 152 2.5 Sea cucumber 10.2 0.5 0.4 4 40 44 184 8.8 Fish meal 8.3 1.1 0.7 5 102 25 836 0.3 Poultry Manure 2.5 2.1 1.3 49 241 492 727 13 0.2 Compost ingredients (Best bets) N sea cucumbers; fish meal; green lvs (chaya, drumstick, NFTs, Vigna); manure; vegie scraps P manure; ash (cnut husk, shell); green lvs (pawpaw, drumstick, te kaura) K ash (cnut husk, shell); seaweed (Kappophycus); green lvs (young b’fruit, ofenga, chaya); manure Cu ash (cnut husk, shell); manure; green lvs (Pisonia, young b’fruit); electrolysis Mn manure; ash (cnut husk, shell);; green lvs (castor weed?, Vigna, Hedge panax) Fe manure; fish meal; ash; algae, seaweed (Ulva); green lvs (Vigna, chaya, noni); rusty cans? Zn manure, ash (cnut husk, shell); fish meal; green lvs (hedge panax, Vigna) Targeted Compost on Atolls
  7. 7. Benefits Use of Magic Bean (Mucuna pruriens) on Higher Islands
  8. 8. Pillar 4: Enhance the quantity and quality of soil data and information: data collection (generation), analysis, validation, reporting, monitoring and integration with other disciplines • The ACIAR Project will develop a soil portal for the islands • Will work with Pacific Islands Rural Advisory Services linking the crop management practices to soil information. • Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia • New Zealand • New Zealand National Soil Data Repository with substantial functionality • S-Map
  9. 9. Pillar 5: Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicators for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources • The ACIAR Project will: develop well evaluated and calibrated soil tests for the different soils in the region.  develop an appropriate soil test for organic carbon for atolls in the region. • PSP will revive the South Pacific Agricultural Laboratory Network (SPACNET) under the new ACIAR Project • Soil information inter-operability across the region using ANZSOILML
  10. 10. COP 23 Presidency of Fiji • Supported preparation for COP 23 by presenting a technical paper to Pacific Leaders in the Pre COP meeting July 2017 on Climate Smart Agriculture: Nutrient and Carbon Smart Technologies • Supported Tongan Government’s side event on Plant Health and Climate Change at the COP 23 in Bonn with a presentation on Climate Smart Agriculture. In addition: • CSA, soils and water research priorities for the Pacific Region - side event at the Pacific Agricultural Week to be held in Vanuatu, October 2018. • Two climate smart villages in Tonga, Kiribati, Marshall Islands and Tuvalu. • Supported the Indian Soil Partnership in the running of an international conference on food and sustainable agriculture held in Dhanbad, Jharkhand from 27th to 30th March 2018. The PSP member delivered the key note address for climate smart agriculture.
  11. 11. S-map Prime Goals  One complete soil map for NZ  Upgrade good data + fill gaps  Best available mapping/modelling techniques  Quantitative information for every soil  Customised outputs  Support management at all scales
  12. 12. NZ and soil carbon • data requirements for greater inclusion of soil carbon in the national greenhouse gas inventory: • New sampling strategies across various environmental factors (such as farm management, irrigation, soil type, climate and topography) • A long-term plan for implementing these strategies is being developed. • New Zealand’s soil carbon stocks are relatively high – and that soil carbon stocks are higher under pasture, when compared to forests. • New Zealand’s hill country pasture is gaining soil carbon, while our flat land pasture may be losing soil carbon.
  13. 13. Daily Counts of SLGA Map Views 20 15 20 16 20 17 20 18
  14. 14. The new ACIAR soil information system • Answer key questions at the regional scale • Are nutrient budgets of Pacific Islands sustainable? • Can routine soil testing be delivered to all countries? • Can appropriate fertilizers and ameliorants be delivered to the right places at the right times? • Mechanism of technical support for lower-income countries in the Pacific • Technical teams take advantage of proximity • Improve delivery to the global system 16 |

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