Save.Use.Produce (SaveUP)

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Presentation made at: Young Professionals Conference: Innovative Ideas to Feed the World

Ms. Afton Halloran (FAO), Ms. Camelia Bucatariu (FAO)

Building resilient urban and peri-urban nutrient cycles for promoting food and nutrition security and mitigating climate change.

The idea focuses on increasing the efficiency of urban and peri-urban food systems for mass nutrient and dietary energy flows :
1. Recover municipal food waste9 to be used as safe feed for rearing insects10 e.g. Black soldier fly (BSF)11;
2. Harvest insect larvae/frass12 from the production system and process into animal feed for peri-urban poultry (broiler and eggs) and/or aquaculture (tilapia, trout and/or carp);
3. Use leftover residues after harvesting insect larvae/frass, poultry litter and aquaculture waste, directly or after composting, as a fertilizer for urban and peri-urban agriculture13 and/or use them for biogas production and use the residue from the biogas plant as fertilizer.

Objectives

 To produce high quality protein for human consumption by converting food waste into insect protein for use as poultry and aquaculture feed;
 To enhance nutrient cycling.

Context
 World population is expected to rise to 9.3 billion by 2050;
 Food production must increase by 60% over the next 40 years;
 Population growth is becoming a largely urban phenomenon;
 Consumption of animal products is likely to be 70% higher in 2050 than at present;
 870 million people are chronically undernourished4 (including micronutrient deficiency).

Rationale

FAO 2011 estimates yearly global quantitative food losses and waste to be: cereals (30%); root crops (40-50%); fruits and vegetables (40-50%); oilseeds (20%); meat and dairy (20%); and fish (30%).
Growing demand for protein is putting pressure on agricultural and food-feed systems. Global food-feed systems are resource-hungry and therefore demand resource efficiency. Business as usual could be catastrophic for their economic, environment and social sustainability; thus, leading to food insecurity, malnutrition and enhanced climatic changes.
Potential resources such as legally classified food waste are not always optimized or efficiently integrated into nutrient cycling. Resource efficiency settings must address malnutrition and unsustainable consumption concurrently; reducing food supply chain inefficiencies can help enhance food and nutrition security and mitigate climate change.
Rearing insects for feed is already practiced in some countries and is a concrete solution towards supplementing animal feed and indirectly providing safe and sustainable high quality protein for human consumption.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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Save.Use.Produce (SaveUP)

  1. 1. Save.Use.Produce (SaveUP)Building resilient urban and peri-urban nutrient cyclesfor promoting food and nutrition security and mitigating climate changeMs. Afton Halloran - Consultant, EdibleInsects Programme, Forest Economics,Policy & Products Division, ForestryDepartment, FAO, afton.halloran@fao.orgMs. Camelia Bucatariu - Policy developmentConsultant, Global Initiative on food lossesand waste reduction (SAVE FOOD), RuralInfrastructure and Agro-Industries Division(AGS), FAO, camelia.bucatariu@fao.orgInnovative Ideas to Feed the WorldCompetition
  2. 2. Context• World population is expected to rise to 9.3 billion by 2050(UN, 2011);• 870 million people are chronically undernourished (includingmicronutrient deficiency) (SOFA, 2012);• Yearly global quantitative food losses and waste: cereals (30%);root crops (40-50%); fruits and vegetables (40-50%); oilseeds(20%); meat and dairy (20%); and fish (30%) (FAO, 2011).Rationale• Growing demand for safe and high quality proteinfor human consumption;• Food waste as potential resource in urban and peri-urban areas;• Use of insects as aquaculture and/or poultry feed.
  3. 3. Objectives1. To produce safe and high qualityprotein for human consumptionby converting food waste intoinsect protein to be used aspoultry and aquaculture feed;2. To enhance urban and peri-urbannutrient cycling forcompetitive, efficient, inclusiveand sustainable food systems.
  4. 4. Framework1. Actions:2. Output:3. Outcomes:4. Impact:Recovery offood wasteRearinginsectsUse of insects as aquaculture(and/or) poultry feedCompost for urban andperi-urban agricultureIntegrated resource and nutrient use efficiency model• Increased availability of safe dietary energy and high quality protein for humanconsumption;• Increased income of actors involved;• Reduced environmental impact of safe dietary energy and high quality proteinproduction.Increased food and nutrition security in urban and peri-urban areasBioenergy productionResidues ResiduesResidues
  5. 5. Review:Robert van Otterdijk (AGS), Paul Vantomme (FOE),Barbara Burlingame (ESN), Harinder Makkar (AGAS),Julien Custot (NRC) & Makiko Taguchi (AGPM).Interest for implementation:Adrian Cullis, FAO EthiopiaSupport from private sector:Glen Courtright,Enviroflight, USASpecial thanks…

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