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Report from IYP Regional Dialogues - Near East and North Africa

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http://www.fao.org/pulses-2016/en/ International year of Pulses 2016 - Global Dialogue - Reports from IYP Regional Dialogues

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Report from IYP Regional Dialogues - Near East and North Africa

  1. 1. Overview Near East and Nile Valley Regional Dialogue (2-3 November 2016) Dost Muhammad Regional Plant Production officer, FAO RNE, Cairo, Egypt
  2. 2. Overview • Organized by FAO with ICARDA as a part of IYP 2016 • More than 20 pulses experts from NENA Region participated to – Understand “state-of-the-art” on pulses in the Region in terms of opportunities and challenges, including existing policy environment – Develop common priorities for advocacy and promotion of pulses in the region; and – Identify knowledge gaps and research needs.
  3. 3. 4 • Extremely Arid climate • Scarce Water Resources • Limited land OVERVIEW OF NENA REGION
  4. 4. Annual renewable water resources and irrigation water withdrawal This is the name of the Conference 518 May 2015 Renewable water resources* Water use efficiency ratio Irrigation water withdrawal Pressure on water Pressure on water cubic km percent cubic km percent 2005/07 2050 2005/07 2050 2005/07 2050 World 42000 50 51 2761 2926 6.6 7.0 Developed countries 14000 41 42 550 560 3.9 4.0 Developing countries 28000 52 53 2211 2366 7.9 8.5 sub-Saharan Africa 3500 25 30 96 133 2.7 3.8 Latin America 13500 42 42 183 214 1.4 1.6 Near East/North Africa 600 56 65 311 325 51.8 54.1 South Asia 2300 58 58 913 896 39.7 38.9 East Asia 8600 49 50 708 799 8.2 9.3
  5. 5. Total arable land in use: data and projections Arable land in use Annual growth 1961/63 2005/07 2005/07 2030 2050 1961- 2007 1991-2007 2005/07- 2050 million ha percent p.a. World 1372 1548 1592 1645 1661 0.28 0.13 0.10 Developed countries 678 624 624 608 586 -0.17 -0.51 -0.14 Developing countries 693 923 968 1036 1075 0.65 0.60 0.24 idem excl. China and India 427 604 668 734 775 0.74 0.70 0.34 sub-Saharan Africa 133 200 240 266 291 0.83 1.25 0.44 Latin America 105 167 202 235 251 0.98 0.61 0.49 Near East/North Africa 86 97 84 84 84 0.31 -0.17 0.00 South Asia 191 204 206 210 213 0.14 0.06 0.08 East Asia 178 255 236 241 236 0.93 0.87 0.00This is the name of the Conference 618 May 2015
  6. 6. Over exploitation of water-Problem of Salinity in Oman 718 May 2015
  7. 7. Countries/Regions Arable land expansion Increases in cropping intensity Yield increases 1961- 2007 2005/07-2050 1961- 2007 2005/07-2050 1961 - 2007 2005/07-2050 All Developing countries 23 21 8 6 70 73 sub-Saharan Africa 31 20 31 6 38 74 Near East / North Africa 17 0 22 20 62 80 Latin America and Caribbean 40 40 7 7 53 53 South Asia 6 6 12 2 82 92 East Asia 28 0 -6 15 77 85 World 14 10 9 10 77 80 This is the name of the Conference 818 May 2015 Sources of growth in crop production (percent)
  8. 8. 918 May 2015 PRODUCTION GENETIC RESOURCES Higher Yield Building Blocks Solution!!
  9. 9. Present status • MENA region produces 2.6 million MT of pulses from 2.2 million ha land as compared to 78 m tonnes from 85 m ha land globally • Countries in MENA region have largely shifted to cereal monoculture. • Almost 40% deficit in plant protein • Sustainability is an issue
  10. 10. Pulses Deficit Region • Global pulse trade at present: almost 12 million tonnes • MENA region is the second largest importer of pulses mainly faba bean, lentil and kabuli chickpea MENA region is a pulses deficit region
  11. 11. Recommendations POLICY • Enabling policy environment RESEARCH • Development of improved varieties – Machine harvestable labour saving traits – Resistance to key diseases, weeds, and insect pests and – Market traits like large seeds, quality traits. – Develop climate resilient varieties
  12. 12. Cereal cultivation Pulses cultivation Weeding Harvesting Subsistence versus Commercial Farming
  13. 13. Recommendations RESEARCH • Integrated crop management options – new irrigation systems, – early warning system for diseases, – applying bio-organic fertilizers • Popularization of improved varieties with best agronomic practices • Enhanced research investments • Facilitating research-policy linkages, • Increased collaboration with international centers, and advance research institutes
  14. 14. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT • Pulses regional research network established • Develop an effective Seed System and Extension for transfer of technologies • More efficient pulses value chain • Enhance public awareness on Pulses Recommendations
  15. 15. • Integrated farming system with extremely small holdings • Limited land and scarce water resources • Can we improve pulses production in isolation to other crops or as part of the over cropping patterns and farming systems? • Would National, sub-regional or regional TCPs would help create awareness in the regional countries? 16 Conclusions
  16. 16. 17 Thank you Contact us Pulses-2016@fao.org

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