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Presentación de Tirso Gonzales (Canadá) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indígenas

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Presentación de Tirso Gonzales (Canadá) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indígenas

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Presentación de Tirso Gonzales (Canadá) en el marco del Seminario Internacional de Expertos sobre 'Diversidad Cultural, Sistemas Alimentarios y Estrategias Tradicionales de Vida' realizado del 4 al 6 de noviembre de 2014 en Cusco Perú.

Presentación de Tirso Gonzales (Canadá) en el marco del Seminario Internacional de Expertos sobre 'Diversidad Cultural, Sistemas Alimentarios y Estrategias Tradicionales de Vida' realizado del 4 al 6 de noviembre de 2014 en Cusco Perú.

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Presentación de Tirso Gonzales (Canadá) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indígenas

  1. 1. An Andean Matrix to Nurture Kawsay Una Matriz Andina para la Crianza del Kawsay Tirso Gonzales Indigenous Studies Program The University of British Columbia Intnl Seminar, “Cultural Diversity, Food Systems & Traditional Life Strategies Cusco, Peru, Nov.06.2014
  2. 2. Outline / Resúmen Introducción Visiones del Mundo, Sistemas de conocimiento, Epistemologías Agri-culturas • Kawsay/ Jaka = La vida toda = Life as a Whole • Eurocentrismo = Colonización= Colonialidad = Matriz de dominación (Colonialidad del Poder, Colonialidad del Conocimiento) • Colonialidad del Conocimiento = Investigación Científica • Epistemologia(s): Teoria(s) del Conocimiento (Holistica; Fragmentada/Sectorial) • Autonomía(s)
  3. 3. What is Cultural Affirmation? • The affirmation of Sumaq Kawsay, (“Well Being”) cultural identity and self-determination according to the Indigenous Peoples’ Cosmic vision & its association with the territorial autonomies • A radical demand for cultural diversity
  4. 4. K The IAASTD Reports (www.agassessment.org) • Global / sub-Global Reports: 400 authors, 52 countries • US $11 million dollars • Sub Global Reports: Central & West Asia & North Africa East and South Asia & the Pacific North America & Europe Sub Saharan Africa Latin America & the Caribbean
  5. 5. Transition to sustainable / organic / ecological / resilient agriculture Which way forward?
  6. 6. towards an epistemology of ANDEAN CULTURAL AFFIRMATION Building epistemological bridges http://vimeo.com/anthropocene/shortfilm
  7. 7. Epistemolo- gical BRIDGES FOR RESPECTFU L DIALOGUE ON AN EQUAL FOOTING
  8. 8. Indigenous Autonomy & Self-determination
  9. 9. ECUADOR COLOMBIA PERU BOLIVIA ARGENTINA Latin American Indigenous Epistemologies Andean Indigenous Epistemology
  10. 10. No caminenos separados, dispersos. Seamos un sólo corazón
  11. 11. Peru: 63 Nations within a Colonial Nation State Secoya Quechua Quechua Quechua Quechua Quechua Quechua Quechua Jaqaru Ticuna Yagua Bora Resígaro Huitoto OrejónIquito Arabela Taushiro Urarina Achuar Huambisa Aguaruna Chayahuita Jebero Chamicuro Cadoshi Cocama-cocamilla Omagua Mayoruna Capanahua Shipibo-conibo Cashibo-cacataibo Amahuaca Cashinahua Yaminahua Asháninka Yanesha Piro Piro Campa caquinteNomatsiguenga Machiguenga Iñapari Amahuaca Shipibo Ese ejaHarakmbut Ayamara Ayamara Culina
  12. 12. Total Indigenous Population: 350 million Aymara
  13. 13. SEARCHING FOR METHODOLOGIES AND PROTOCOLS FOLLOWED BY ANDEAN INDIGENOUS ORGANIZATIONS: PRATEC, AGRUCO & ASOCIACION ANDES
  14. 14. Latitud del Kawsay: Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina (Central Andes) Life as a whole La vida toda
  15. 15. Other goals (other actors) Research (Universities, Think tank institutions, United Nations) Business profitability Indigenous Peasants State Institutions Techno-science Local Knowledge • Climate Change • Biodiversity Conservation • Ecosystem Management • Food Security • Development / “Buen Vivir” – Sumaq Kawsay / Suma Jakaña Stakeholders’ Goals and Cognitive Bases Adapted from Rengifo 2011
  16. 16. About Place: • Eurocentrism: Anthropocene, Placelessness • Ecocentrism: Out of the Anthropocene • Kawsay: Andes-Pachacentrism-Pachacene
  17. 17. ORIGIN OF MAJOR LOCAL & GLOBAL ISSUES IN CONTEMPORARY ANDEAN AMAZONIAN COMMUNITIES’ PERSPECTIVE GENERALIZED LOSS OF RESPECT  AMONG HUMANS  TOWARD NATURE  TOWARD DEITIES WE HAVE TO COME BACK TO RESPECT
  18. 18. BASIC DATA: PERUVIAN ANDEAN AMAZONIAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES. • Peru: Indigenous population 7+ million • Officially grouped in Comunidades Campesinas, (CC) and Comunidades Nativas (CN) = 7,000 Registered & with land titles: • Comunidades Campesinas, CC. July 2001: 5,827 CC • Comunidades Nativas, CN. 1,173 CN
  19. 19. RUNAS SALLQA WACAS / APUS CHACRA DIVERSITY ANDEAN COSMOVISION NURTURER OF DIVERSITY
  20. 20. On the Knowledge Regenerated by the PRATEC-NACA Andean Experience: • World view / Cosmic vision • Philosophical • Theoretical • Methodological • Paradigm / Approach HOLISTIC APPROACH TO • Food sufficiency • Biodiversity Conservation • Climate Change • Education PACHA-CHACRA CENTRIC APPROACH THROUGH CULTURAL AFFIRMATION NURTURING KAWSAY / JAKA
  21. 21. Food Sufficiency from the Andean Community’s Perspective “Grow everything, in order to eat everything, among all of us (Us = human community, nature community, community of deities and gods)”
  22. 22. 8,000 years of Andean- Amazonian Cultural Affirmation Chala =masl= meters above sea level or Cordillera Jalca or
  23. 23. 8 Natural Regions Precolonial Names NACAs: Peru: Location Collective of PRATEC-Nuclei of Andean Cultural Affirmation, NACAs PERU: High Ecological Diversity: 82 of the planet’s 103 life-zones
  24. 24. COSMOLOGICAL FRAME Community-Based Adaptive Strategies for Climate Change Territorial Scenarios (8 Natural Regions. 82 of the planet’s 103 life zones)--- Dimensions/Compone nts Basin’s biocultural landscape Chacra (productive activity) Housing & food 1. Infrastructure 2. Organizational 3. Rituals & Festivities 4. Dialogue with nature
  25. 25. Research Methodology: The Cartillas de Saberes http://www.pratecnet.org/index.php?o ption=com_content&view=article&id= 61&Itemid=77
  26. 26. PRATEC’s Booklets of Wisdom and Knowledge/Saberes (Cartillas)
  27. 27. Two Different Cosmovisions PRATEC recognizes that: Central to the search for dialogue and exchange between two different cultures is this encounter between different cosmovisions and its implications for intercultural dialogue in general and for the promotion of cultural diversity in particular.
  28. 28. • Impressive Critical Mass. • What has been LASA’s contribution to strengthen Indigenous Peoples’s livelihoods, cultures, languages, knowledge systems, and selfdetermination?  Euro-American Approaches & Epistemology  Use of Imperial Languages

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