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Pillar 2: Encourage Investment, Technical
Cooperation, Policy, Education, Awareness
and Extension
A plan of action to rous...
Working Group
 Africa: Robert Zougmore, Cornie van Huyssteen
 Asia: Nizam Al-Hussainy, Kevin D. Gallagher
 Europe: Arwy...
3
Developing the Pillar 2 Action Plan
JRC/ENSA European Soil Awareness Workshop
James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen
September...
4
Premise
Deficiency in education is the main
underlying cause of human-induced soil
degradation.
Lack of societal awarene...
5
Vision
A greater appreciation and
understanding of the value of
soil at all levels of society.
Pillar Two of the GSP und...
6
Pillar 2 Interlinkages
policy
technical
cooperation
extension
public
awareness
education
investment
Public awareness and...
7
•The increased urbanisation of society and detachment from the
food production process and the rural environment means t...
We are doing quite a lot already…..
Key Recommendations
Priority: GSP partners should jointly develop awareness
approaches which can be easily adapted to diff...
Key Awareness Mechanisms
International Year of Soils 2015
•Milestone event
•The opportunity of showcasing the importance o...
Education (all priorities!)
Documentation and tools need to be updated and developed to supply
training institutions at al...
Policy Development
Soil is important!
Many countries lack effective national policies and strategies for
soil protection.
...
Policy goals
Priority: Key actors should be targeted, through formal FAO channels and on
a bilateral basis by partners, to...
14
Extension
Soil extension services provide a vital link between soil users, land
managers and the science community. In ...
15
Technical cooperation
Technical cooperation aims to mobilise resources for soil-protective
agriculture, forestry, rural...
16
Investment
There is a high interest by private investors to own healthy and fertile soils.
Increased investment is a ta...
17
17 Key Recommendations
Clear priorities
Time line
No: 1, 3, 5, 6, 10 and 11
Short-term
No: 2, 4, 7, 8 and 15
Medium-ter...
18
Concluding remarks
• Pillar 2 is an ambitious initiative
• Large number of recommendations but reflects breadth of pill...
19
Thank You
arwyn.jones@jrc.ec.europa.eu
Recommendations (abbreviated): Policy
1:Politicians, policy advisors, decision makers and associated
agencies should be ta...
Recommendations (abbreviated):
Education
4: Introduce soil as a theme into the school curriculum from an early age in orde...
Recommendations: Awareness
9: GSP partners should jointly develop awareness approaches which can be easily
adapted to diff...
Recommendations: Extension, Tech-Coop and Investment
13 (Extension): Extension services should be supported (politically a...
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Pillar 2: Encourage Investment, Technical Cooperation, Policy, Education, Awareness and Extension A plan of action to rouse society to the value of soil

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http://www.fao.org/globalsoilpartnership
This presentation was made during the second GSP Plenary Assembly that took place in Rome; FAO HQ from 22 to 24 July 2014. The presentation was made by Arwyn Jones and contains the pillar 2 of the GSP.

©FAO: http://www.fao.org

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Pillar 2: Encourage Investment, Technical Cooperation, Policy, Education, Awareness and Extension A plan of action to rouse society to the value of soil

  1. 1. Pillar 2: Encourage Investment, Technical Cooperation, Policy, Education, Awareness and Extension A plan of action to rouse society to the value of soil Arwyn Jones European Commission Joint Research Centre Members of GSP Pillar 2 WG
  2. 2. Working Group  Africa: Robert Zougmore, Cornie van Huyssteen  Asia: Nizam Al-Hussainy, Kevin D. Gallagher  Europe: Arwyn Jones (Chair), Gabrielle Broll, Willie Towers, Stephen Hallett, Beata Houskova, Francesco Malucelli, Francesca Bampa, Frédéric Darboux, Franc Lobnik, Erika Micheli  Latin America: Laura Bertha Reyes Sánchez, Gonçalo Signorelli, Arnulfo Encina, Ivonne Lobos, Cristine Muggler, Carlos Saavedra, Fatima M S Moreira, Oswaldo Ernst  Middle East: Bahman Eskandare, Hedi Hamrouni  North America: Charles Rice  Oceania: Damien Field  ITPS: Pavel Krasilnikov, Jaroslava Sobocká, Carlos Henríquez, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça Santos, Milkha Singh Aulakh, Pisoot Vijarnsor  Secretary: Ronald Vargas
  3. 3. 3 Developing the Pillar 2 Action Plan JRC/ENSA European Soil Awareness Workshop James Hutton Institute, Aberdeen September 2013 Global Soil Week Berlin October 2013 Pillar 2 Working Group 26 Members + ITPS + GSP Secretariat Email Exchanges ITPS FAO, Rome April 7-11 Presentation, review, debate, revision and adoption
  4. 4. 4 Premise Deficiency in education is the main underlying cause of human-induced soil degradation. Lack of societal awareness leads to political reluctance to adopt measures to preserve and enhance soil conditions.
  5. 5. 5 Vision A greater appreciation and understanding of the value of soil at all levels of society. Pillar Two of the GSP underpins many of the actions under the other Pillars by addressing the general lack of societal awareness of the importance of soil in people’s lives and the well-being of the planet.
  6. 6. 6 Pillar 2 Interlinkages policy technical cooperation extension public awareness education investment Public awareness and education are crucial…….to convince policy makers….. to support sustainable soil management, encourage investment, develop support services and mechanisms for cooperation.
  7. 7. 7 •The increased urbanisation of society and detachment from the food production process and the rural environment means that the majority of people lack a fundamental understanding of soil, functions or indeed, where their food comes from. •Soil is not regarded as ‘glamorous’: compare with public reaction to CERN and Higgs boson, NASA Mars Rover or even ‘celebrity culture’. •Soil does not get the same attention as water, air, flora and fauna….out of sight, out of mind. •Awareness drives politics and policies! Awareness Raising
  8. 8. We are doing quite a lot already…..
  9. 9. Key Recommendations Priority: GSP partners should jointly develop awareness approaches which can be easily adapted to different regions and scales of implementation. Under the auspices of the GSP, governments should consider investment and sustained funding to support large scale national outreach programmes. • Investment that is needed is well beyond that is currently on offer Priority: Soil science community should promote strategies to engage with society at large and work with professional communicators and social scientists (e.g. major food retailers).
  10. 10. Key Awareness Mechanisms International Year of Soils 2015 •Milestone event •The opportunity of showcasing the importance of soils should be utilized for the full year, culminating in final celebrations on 5 December 2015. •Challenge organizations to be active World Soil Day •Celebrate the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to human well-being. •World Soil Day should be used by Regional Soil Partnership to present progress of its implementation plan / activities. Expo 2015 Milan – Feeding the planet •Food security theme – global event •Significant outreach and political forum •Encourage visibility of soil in national pavilions
  11. 11. Education (all priorities!) Documentation and tools need to be updated and developed to supply training institutions at all levels with evidence based information about soil science, sustainable use of soils and the interaction between soils and the broader natural resource environment and other societal disciplines. Introduce soil as a theme into the school curriculum from an early age Peverse the declining trend at tertiary level, at least through its incorporation as a compulsory cross-cutting discipline. Promotion of soil education to public society and soil users through diverse and current communication channels (e.g. e-learning, distance courses, social networks and web forums). Soil scientists should be encouraged and rewarded to engage with other disciplines
  12. 12. Policy Development Soil is important! Many countries lack effective national policies and strategies for soil protection. Already high-level agreement viz Rio+20 (Kyoto-LULUCF, CBD, CCD) & Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals …. that land is managed sustainably, soil is adequately protected and the remediation of contaminated sites is well underway …supported by the adoption of targets on soil and on land as a resource, and land planning objectives. But still key gaps in our knowledge and understanding of state of soil, trends and impacts.
  13. 13. Policy goals Priority: Key actors should be targeted, through formal FAO channels and on a bilateral basis by partners, to appreciate fully the true societal value of soils in order to develop coherent legislation in line with the principles of the new World Soil Charter. Priority: Promote harmonised evidence base of the state of soil, trends, associated pressures and their impact to identify areas that provide key services and functions and those most at risk from soil degradation processes. Priority: Engage soil advocates at all levels to ensure that soils are part of the Sustainable Development and Post2015 agenda as suggested by the ITPS.
  14. 14. 14 Extension Soil extension services provide a vital link between soil users, land managers and the science community. In essence, this is an additional type of awareness raising but driven by specific technical need, for example engineers, conservationists, archaeologists and planners. Extension services need to interpret and present relevant research-based information to stakeholders in an understandable and usable form. However, there is a large disparity in the extent, efficiency, expertise and experience of extension services between different countries. Extension services should be supported and expanded to reflect the broad range of services provided by soil beyond the agricultural sector. Farmer-to-farmer learning should be encouraged to facilitate and disseminate knowledge as well as to earn trust among soil users. The Soil Doctors scheme is a viable example of capacity building and strengthening capacity development through training of specific experts who will be in charge of the dissemination of knowledge to other soil users.
  15. 15. 15 Technical cooperation Technical cooperation aims to mobilise resources for soil-protective agriculture, forestry, rural development, food security, nutrition and resilience. Specifically, cooperation should be encouraged between: partners who are mutually interested in each other (e.g. within Regional Soil Partnerships and other cooperation schemes) research institutions and national/pan-national research programmes
  16. 16. 16 Investment There is a high interest by private investors to own healthy and fertile soils. Increased investment is a tangible product of growing awareness on the importance of soil resources. Investments should target relevant skills and support development and entrepreneurship among soil users. It should stimulate synergies and diversification. More effective public and private investments are needed among all ranges of soil users, at small scale and large scale, ensuring more sustainable projects. Programmes (such as rural development plans and Healthy Soils Multi-Partner Platform) could raise rural raise quality of life, standard of living, limit urban migration and help aging rural population.
  17. 17. 17 17 Key Recommendations Clear priorities Time line No: 1, 3, 5, 6, 10 and 11 Short-term No: 2, 4, 7, 8 and 15 Medium-term No: 9, 12, 13 and 14 Long-term
  18. 18. 18 Concluding remarks • Pillar 2 is an ambitious initiative • Large number of recommendations but reflects breadth of pillar • Scale change in implementation – together with supporting investment • It won’t happen overnight; recommendations have been tiered into short, medium and long term tasks and priorities • Not intended to replace existing initiatives but to encourage and support them • And to make them grow bigger • And to share experiences • Implement through the Regional Soil Partnership to reflect local priorities and issues.
  19. 19. 19 Thank You arwyn.jones@jrc.ec.europa.eu
  20. 20. Recommendations (abbreviated): Policy 1:Politicians, policy advisors, decision makers and associated agencies should be targeted, to better appreciate the true societal value of soil (i.e. environmental and economic). 2:Promote the development of appropriate guidance and policy framework so that countries undertake a harmonised assessment of the state of soil, trends, associated pressures and their impact to identify areas that provide key services and functions and those most at risk from soil degradation processes as inputs for soil protection legislation (links to Pillar 4 of the GSP). 3: Engage soil advocates at all levels to ensure that soils are part of the Sustainable Development and Post2015 agenda as suggested by the ITPS.
  21. 21. Recommendations (abbreviated): Education 4: Introduce soil as a theme into the school curriculum from an early age in order to boost the understanding of its value and functions. In parallel, reverse the declining trend at tertiary level, at least through its incorporation as a compulsory cross-cutting discipline for agriculture and other environmental science students. 5: Promotion of soil education to public society and soil users through diverse and current communication channels (e.g. e-learning, distance courses, social networks and web forums). 6: Soil scientists should be encouraged and rewarded to engage with other disciplines to highlight the broad functionality of soil. 7: A framework should be developed in order to support the participation of young soils scientists from developing world to participate in international training events. 8: Documentation, tools and curricula need to be updated and developed to adequately supply training institutions at all levels with evidence based information about soil science, sustainable use of soils and the interaction between soils and the broader natural resource environment as well as other societal disciplines such as economy, social science, communication science, etc..
  22. 22. Recommendations: Awareness 9: GSP partners should jointly develop awareness approaches which can be easily adapted to different regions and scales of implementation. Under the auspices of the GSP, governments should consider investment and sustained funding to support large scale national outreach programmes. • Investment that is needed is well beyond that is currently on offer 10: The soil science community at all levels should promote strategies to engage with society at large and work with professional communicators and social scientists. This will include the development of partnerships with major food retailers to develop public awareness campaigns. 11: The World Soil Day should be institutionalized through the Global Soil Partnership Plenary Assembly where the annual topic and its celebration is planned and implemented by all partners (GSP Secretariat, regions, countries and GSP partner institutions). 12: As a unique opportunity, the International Year of Soils 2015 should be used to engage with global stakeholders and initiatives in order to promote the crucial importance of soils for various functions such as food security, climate change adaptation and more.
  23. 23. Recommendations: Extension, Tech-Coop and Investment 13 (Extension): Extension services should be supported (politically and financially), developed and revitalised to reflect the multi-functional services of soil and expanded to ensure the sustainable use of soil and to reduce land degradation. Regional priorities need to be determined in terms of the disparities in agricultural extension knowledge, expertise, motivation and support, in order to develop solutions to these challenges and set goals for their implementation. 14 (Extension): Soil information and priorities, as well as SSM priorities, technologies and approaches should be professionally and efficiently communicated to policy makers by skilled communicators. The GSP, its regions and countries should promote channels of communication to efficiently and consistently provide policy makers with the necessary information to promote SSM through the policy environment. 15 (Extension): Soil extension programmes such as the Soil Doctors Programme should be established in order to provide support and capacity development for extension on soils. 16 (Tech Coop): Scientific and technical cooperation should be promoted and strengthened between partners of the Regional Soil Partnerships and other cooperation schemes. Such programmes should be implemented at global, regional and local levels. 17 (Investment): The GSP should foster investments in soils to benefit society and future generations through the establishment of the ”Healthy Soils Multi-Partner Platform” to engage the in-kind financial contribution from resource partners to strengthen implementation of GSP activities under the five plans of action. Assessment and evidence-base of the return from investments (including cost-benefit analysis) should be generated to provide soil users and policy makers with evidence based success stories for decision making.

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