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NENA Soil Partnership Conference: towards a regional
implementation plan on sustainable management of soil resources
1-3 J...
2
500 km2
3350km2
1300km2
506km2
360km2
INTRODUCTION
Land
Classification
according to
ecological
Zones
Introduction to Land resources
 The total area of cultivated land is estimated at 1.2 million dunums, or 21% of
the total...
Role and Importance of Agriculture
 Agriculture is not only an economic activity and source of
income, but also a major c...
Soil Associations in Palestine
2413
1482
38
276
4675971
114
127
73
52
209
96
241
189
14
34
Terra rossa
Brown Rendzinas and...
WRB SOIL CLASSIFICATION MAP
 Land classification based on the
agricultural potential of the land
depends mainly on soil type or soil
classification. ...
 Grade 1 lands (Lands with high agricultural, environmental values): These
lands include those with low slopes (up to 5%)...
Land cover land Use
The current available land cover
land use map is refer to 2006.
Now the MoA is updating land
cover lan...
1) Restrictions imposed by the occupation through confiscation and closure
of agricultural land.
2) The establishment of t...
8) Lack of decision-support tools and the necessary planning for the sound
management of land systems
9) Land fragmentatio...
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOILAND LAND USE
PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
1) There is a need to develop a comprehensive land informatio...
5) Improving the coordination among governmental, non-governmental and
international institutions is essential in all acti...
10) The perception towards land degradation should become more
quantitative than qualitative.
11) Need to adopt good gover...
1) The importance and needs for soil and land classification and
evaluation for developing the agricultural sector in Pale...
5) Recommendations for the future setup of Agricultural Land
development and management.
6) Recommendations for developing...
Thanks for Listening
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http://www.fao.org/globalsoilpartnership
This presentation was made during the NENA Soil Partnership Conference that took place in Amman, Jordan 1-3 June 2015. This presentation was made by Imad Ghanma, and it presents the Status of Soil Resources and Priorities towards Sustainable Soil Management in Palestine.

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Palestine

  1. 1. NENA Soil Partnership Conference: towards a regional implementation plan on sustainable management of soil resources 1-3 June 2015, Amman, Jordan Status of Soil Resources and Priorities towards Sustainable Soil Management Challenges, Opportunities, National Policies and Institutional Mechanisms Imad Ghanma Director of soil and land classification State of Palestine
  2. 2. 2 500 km2 3350km2 1300km2 506km2 360km2 INTRODUCTION Land Classification according to ecological Zones
  3. 3. Introduction to Land resources  The total area of cultivated land is estimated at 1.2 million dunums, or 21% of the total area of the WBGS, of which 90% is in the West Bank and 10% in the Gaza Strip.  81% is rain-fed; the remaining 19 % is irrigated. While rangeland amounts to 2.02 million dunums, the area available for grazing is only 621,000 dunums. In addition, forests stretch over an area of 94,000 dunums.  About 62.9% of the arable land is located in Area C; 18.8% in Area B; and 18.3% in Area A.
  4. 4. Role and Importance of Agriculture  Agriculture is not only an economic activity and source of income, but also a major contributor to the protection of land from confiscation and settlement, achieving food security, and provides jobs for 11.5% of the labour force, of which women constitute 23.7%, contributing to 5.6% of GDP and 21% of total exports
  5. 5. Soil Associations in Palestine 2413 1482 38 276 4675971 114 127 73 52 209 96 241 189 14 34 Terra rossa Brown Rendzinas and Pale Renzinas Pale Rendzinas Grumusols Brown Lithosols and Loessial Arid Brown Soils Solonchaks Loessial Serozems Sandy Regosols and Arid Brown Sand Dunes Regosols Dark Brown Soils Calcareous Serozems Loessial Arid Brown Soil Alluvial Arid Brown Soils Brown Lithosols and Loessial Serozems Bare Rocks and Desert Lithosols Reg Soils and Coarse Desert Alluvium Soils of Palestine
  6. 6. WRB SOIL CLASSIFICATION MAP
  7. 7.  Land classification based on the agricultural potential of the land depends mainly on soil type or soil classification. Soil type and classification are related to soil parent material, land topography and climate. Topography plays an important role in the soil formation and development process. LAND CLASSIFICATION BASED ON THE POTENTIALS (VALUES)
  8. 8.  Grade 1 lands (Lands with high agricultural, environmental values): These lands include those with low slopes (up to 5%), minimal rock outcrops, deep soil.  Grade 2 lands (Lands with moderate value): These lands are used in rain fed agriculture; these lands suffer from erosion in addition to spatial and temporal fluctuations of rainfall.  Grade 3 lands (Lands with low value): These lands require land reclamation to be used for agriculture. They are mostly used for grazing. 
  9. 9. Land cover land Use The current available land cover land use map is refer to 2006. Now the MoA is updating land cover land use map according to corine system level 4 using satellite image 2014
  10. 10. 1) Restrictions imposed by the occupation through confiscation and closure of agricultural land. 2) The establishment of the apartheid wall which isolate large areas of agricultural land behind . 3) High competition for land and water with other sectors. 4) Land and soil erosion. 5) Increase the phenomenon of soil salinization . 6) Decline in biodiversity. 7) The weakness of the laws relating to the implementation of land management. THE OBSTACLES FACE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY OF LAND RESOURCES
  11. 11. 8) Lack of decision-support tools and the necessary planning for the sound management of land systems 9) Land fragmentation as result of heritage law . 10) Absence of Soil data base and comprehensive Soil information system. 11) Poor coordination between the competent authorities to the agricultural sector. 12) Impact of climate change and drought. 13) Lack of scientific research related to soil and irrigation management. THE OBSTACLES FACE DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY OF LAND RESOURCES
  12. 12. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOILAND LAND USE PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 1) There is a need to develop a comprehensive land information system including data collection, continuous monitoring, verification of data and information regarding land use, land degradation and land classification. 2) Human resources development and institutional capacity building are highly needed regarding land use and land degradation. 3) There is a need to develop comprehensive and integrated national plans and policies for land development. 4) Inter-sectorial planning should be encouraged to reduce degradation and improve land productivity especially in rainfed agricultural lands.
  13. 13. 5) Improving the coordination among governmental, non-governmental and international institutions is essential in all activities related to land use and management. 6) The role of local universities and research institutions should be enhanced and coordinated with the Ministry of Agriculture. 8) Public awareness towards women’s legal rights in owning and managing land should be encouraged. Gender equality should stay on the agenda for all land development activities. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOILAND LAND USE PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
  14. 14. 10) The perception towards land degradation should become more quantitative than qualitative. 11) Need to adopt good governance approaches in land use planning and management including transparency and decentralization options. 12) The issue on how to make land development and land use planning more attractive to funding sources should be addressed. 13) Sustainable land management practices should be emphasized and encouraged. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOILAND LAND USE PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
  15. 15. 1) The importance and needs for soil and land classification and evaluation for developing the agricultural sector in Palestine. 2) The importance and needs for building a comprehensive Geographical Soil Information System for developing the agricultural sector in Palestine. 3) Recommendations for the best and applicable methods for soil and land classification and link it to the development of agriculture in Palestine. 4) An implementation plan for Nationwide Agricultural Land evaluation program. SPECIFIC OUTPUTS OF NEEDED CONSULTANT
  16. 16. 5) Recommendations for the future setup of Agricultural Land development and management. 6) Recommendations for developing, strengthening and upgrading the human resources in the GDAL and other NGO’s in the field of Agricultural Land development. 7) Define and sorting the necessary studies and applied projects to help in soil and land management and preservation, in addition to upgrading soil and land resources SPECIFIC OUTPUTS OF NEEDED CONSULTANT
  17. 17. Thanks for Listening

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