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Organizational and Institutional Capacities


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The webinar aims to demonstrate effective institutional and individual capacity development approaches during the formulation and implementation of the NAPs. In addition, examples of practical approaches and tools to assess individual and institutional capacities for National Adaptation Planning will be presented by UNITAR. While country representatives (Kenya and Viet Nam) will speak on their experience in carrying out both institutional and individual capacity development, in addition to individual skills assessments.

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Organizational and Institutional Capacities

  1. 1. Systemic Capacity Development to Integrate Agriculture into National Adaptation Planning for Sustainable Implementation Organizational and Institutional Capacities Webinar 19th April 2017 Patrick P. Kalas Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Office of Partnerships, Advocacy and Capacity Development (OPC) Capacity Development Officer
  2. 2. What is Development? “Development is like a tree- it can be nurtured in its growth only by feeding its roots not by pulling on its branches” I. Serageldin Capacity Country-Driven Country Leadership Joint-Commitment = effective and sustainable Development practice Country Ownership Sustainable Results
  3. 3. Systemic Capacities (3 dimensions) Individual dimension areas: Awareness / Understanding, Knowledge/ Skills / Attitudes Organizational / Institutional dimension areas: functioning and performance of organizations and institutions including: Coordination mechanisms / Mandates / Terms of References / Information, Data and Knowledge sharing/ Budget and Funding / Multi- Stakeholder Processes Enabling environment areas: context in which individuals and organizations exist including: Governance / institutional linkages / implicit and explicit rules / laws and policies / Institutional Political Economy Technical & Functional capacities > Understanding importance of agriculture within NAPs among decision-makers > Adaptation sensitive planning skills >national cross-sectoral coordination between relevant Ministries for NAPs formulation and implementation > Aligned agricultural, energy and environmental policies within NAPs Important: CD dimensions are interlinked
  4. 4. Capacity Development support Existing capacities • Whose and what capacities are to be developed? Participatory Capacity Needs Assessment • Enhance country ownership, leadership and stakeholder commitment to enhance capacities • Strategic and targeted interventions (starting from existing capacities) • Baseline to monitor progress across all CD dimensions Why assess capacities comprehensively and with broad participation?
  5. 5. Initial Organizational / Institutional Assessment of Agriculture Integration into NAPs, April 2016, Rome, Italy Challenges / Needs: Actions to Improve: • (a) Institutional mandates of MoA to engage in Climate Change planning / implementation • (a) Establish review committee for mandate sharpening • (b) Inter-Sectoral coordination for Climate Change / NAPs • (b) Review and strengthen existing institutional coordination mechanism clarifying roles and responsibilities, rules, procedures etc. • (c) Alignment and harmonization of sectoral policies • (c) Cross-sectoral policy review, harmonization and alignment with NAP process
  6. 6. Facilitated Institutional Capacity “Self” Assessment for NAPs Joint- CommitmentJoint-OwnershipJoint-Dialogue Step 2- What Challenge Identification Problem Tree / Solution Tree Step 3- Who Identification of key stakeholders / actors Netmap / Stakeholder Mapping Step 4- How Assess Capacities (across 3 CD dimensions) with visioning Capacity Assessment Questionnaire Step 5- How Stakeholder Validation and Action Planning, M & E Framework Participatory Action Planning Tools Facilitated and Interactive Process with Meaningful Stakeholder Participation & Inclusion & Leadership Joint- Diagnosis Joint Action and Implementation Step 1- Why Awareness & Common Understanding Galvanizing Commitment Participatory workshop Joint-Learning Joint-Learning
  7. 7. CapDev Dimensions Categories Present state Desired state How to get there Individual -Knowledge - Technical and Functional Skills - Attitudes Organizational / Institutional -Coordination mechanisms (Planning, Monitoring, Budget) - Mandates - Multi-Stakeholder Processes Enabling Environment - Legal framework - Governance - Policies - Institutional Political Economy Capacity Needs Assessment Questionnaire Participatory and Facilitated Stakeholder Workshop to complete questionnaire Capacity Assessment Report Baseline
  8. 8. How are Capacities Enhanced (Interventions)? Combination of different CD options across three CD dimensions is key Important: capacity development goes beyond training Formal training based on Learning Needs Assessment Blended and Learning on-the-job Farmer / Climate Field Schools South-South Knowledge exchanges / Study visits Evidence- based policy dialogue Review Alignment of Policies / Strategies / Plans Creation of multi- stakeholder / actor platforms for NAPs formulation and implementation Review of intra- organizational coordination (i.e. vertical coordination between national, state, district, community) Review of Ministerial Mandates Regional Policy Workshop Strengthen NAPs Inter-Ministerial coordination mechanisms (i.e. horizontal coordination) Explanation CD modalities 1. (RED) Strengthening enabling environment 2. (Yellow Highlight): Organizational / Institutional Development 3. (BLACK): Enhancing individual capacities
  9. 9. Suggested Operational Elements for Multi-Stakeholder / Multi-Actor Platform NAPs Joint- CommitmentJoint-OwnershipJoint-Dialogue Joint-Learning Joint-Learning Joint-Learning Meaningful Stakeholder Participation….from conception stage Mandate / CharterModus Operandi (i.e. Decision taking) Representativeness Resources Institutional set-up Monitoring Progress Joint ACTION Levels (National, Sub-national)Definition of MSP
  10. 10. Effective CD for Integrating Agriculture into NAPs for Sustainable Implementation means…..  Looking at the “what” and the “how” to enhance capacities (Quality of Process matters) Capacity Development support Existing capacities  Jointly assessing, designing, implementing and tracking sustainable CD activities  Anchoring in Development effectiveness principles (Country Ownership, Leadership)  Focusing on all three capacity development dimensions (individual, organizational / institutional, enabling environment)
  11. 11. Visit FAO’s New CD Portal Coming soon: “SUPPLEMENTARY GUIDELINES FOR ADDRESSING AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES IN NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANS” (includes operational guidance to integrate systemic capacity development approaches) Assess + Design + Track Systemic Capacities
  12. 12. “Development is like a tree- it can be nurtured in its growth only by feeding its roots not by pulling on its branches” I. Serageldin Thank you for your attention and participation Country-Driven Country Leadership Joint-Commitment Sustainable Results Country Ownership Systemic and Effective Capacity Development for……………