Priorities for FAO Activities in the Region

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FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty - Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy

Priorities for FAO Activities in the Region

Agenda Item 13: NERC 14/2

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Priorities for FAO Activities in the Region

  1. 1. FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy Priorities for FAO Activities in the Region Agenda Item 13: NERC 14/2 NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  2. 2. Outline of presentation • Follow-up to the 2012 Regional Conference: - Agreed regional priorities - Major achievements 2012-13 - Lessons learned • Revised Regional Priorities for the Medium Term • Regional Initiatives - Water scarcity - Building resilience to enhance food security and nutrition - Sustainable small scale agriculture for inclusive development • Guidance Sought NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  3. 3. Follow-up to the 2012 Regional Conference: Agreed Regional Priorities The five regional priorities endorsed by NERC-31: • Enhancing food security and nutrition • Fostering agricultural production and rural development for improved livelihoods; • Sustainable natural resources management including fisheries and aquaculture; • Responding to climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies; • Preparedness for and response to agriculture and food emergencies NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  4. 4. Follow-up to the 2012 Regional Conference: Agreed Regional Priorities Within the five regional priorities, NERC-31 identified focus areas that require special attention: • water scarcity and its efficient use; • reducing food losses and waste; • soil degradation and desertification; • transboundary animal diseases; • fisheries and aquaculture sustainability; • climate change adaptation and mitigation; • Supporting vulnerable communities affected by conflicts and occupation; • youth and women empowerment. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  5. 5. Follow-up to the 2012 Regional Conference: Major Achievements Guided by NERC recommendations, key areas of interventions for the period 2012-2013 included: • • • • • delivery of USD 189 million of assistance to countries in the Region: USD 9.7 million (TCP projects); USD 179.8 million of extra-budgetary contributions (USD 179.8 million) assistance to countries covered both development and emergency activities and included 142 new projects; New FAO country agreements were signed with Saudi Arabia and Libya; no funding from the Region to the Region (NENA-NENA cooperation) during 2012-13 The regional solidarity trust fund endorsed by the 31st NERC has registered the first contribution of USD 2 million from the Republic of Iraq NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  6. 6. Follow-up to the 2012 Regional Conference: Lessons Learned Key lessons learned are: • The recent political and economic crises in the Region have shown the crucial need for building resilience to risks and crises in order to achieve improved food security and sustainable development; • There is an urgent need to adopt initiatives and strategies that promote work in the regional priorities with focus on producing impact and results at the country level. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  7. 7. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework The Thirty-eighth Session of the FAO Conference in June 2013 approved the Reviewed Strategic. Global Goals of Members: • Eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition • Elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all • Sustainable management and utilization of natural resources. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  8. 8. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework Strategic Objectives of the New Strategic Framework: 1. Contribute to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition 2. Increase and improve provision of goods and services from agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a sustainable manner 3. Reduce rural poverty 4. Enable more inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems at local, national and international levels 5. Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  9. 9. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework Based on the new Strategic Framework and drawing on lesson from country programming frameworks (CPFs), there is a need to update and review the regional priorities. Three regional priorities: - Water scarcity - Building resilience to enhance food security and nutrition - Small-scale agriculture NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  10. 10. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework Why the regional initiatives? • Linking the Strategic Framework to the field work at the regional and country level; • Operationalising the regional priorities through the design of appropriate programme and implementation mechanisms; • Addressing the major challenges facing the region in an integrated and coherent manner at both the regional and country levels; • Building on success stories within the region and promoting regional exchange of knowledge and experiences • Promoting regional cooperation and solidarity in food security and agricultural development. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  11. 11. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Water Scarcity” Objective: support countries in the region in identifying and streamlining policies and best practices that can significantly improve agriculture productivity and food security in the region. Focus areas for support: • Support countries in strategic planning of water resources • Strengthening governance and institutions • Improve agriculture water use efficiency and crop water productivity • Support action to enhance the supply-side of water budget, through the optimal use of unconventional water NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  12. 12. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Water Scarcity” Focus areas for support (cont.): • Support benchmarking, monitoring and reporting mechanisms on progress towards the achievement of agreed national and regional target on water efficiency and productivity. Focus countries (in first phase): Started in 2013 with first phase focusing on 6 countries. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  13. 13. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Building resilience for enhanced food security and nutrition in the Near East and North Africa” Objective: support countries in building resilient food security and nutrition institutions, markets and production systems Focus areas for support: • Improving capacities for policy development; • Developing efficient evidence-based food security information and knowledge exchange for effective decision support systems; • Promoting the development of efficient and sustainable food systems with specific attention to reducing food losses and waste; • Promoting sustainable access of households to safe, nutritious and diversified food. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  14. 14. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Building resilience for enhanced food security and nutrition in the Near East and North Africa” Focus areas for support (cont.) • Building the resilience of institutions, individuals, households, communities and agro-eco systems to anticipate, absorb and recover from the negative impacts of the man-made and natural shocks Focus countries (in first phase): • Syria and Syria-crisis affected countries • crisis-prone countries and countries in transition • other countries with high exposure to vulnerabilities of external food supplies. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  15. 15. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Sustainable small-scale agriculture for inclusive development” Objective: to support countries in reducing rural poverty through a cohesive programme for small-scale agriculture Focus areas for support: • Developing evidence based policy and strategies to improve and enhance the small-scale agricultural sector and the livelihoods; • Sustainable improvement of productivity of small-scale agriculture; • Building rural institutions and empowerment of small holders. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  16. 16. Updating and Revising Regional Priorities in Light of the New Strategic Framework – Regional Initiatives The Initiative on “Sustainable small-scale agriculture for inclusive development” (cont.) Focus countries: The initiative will be implemented in consequent phases, with a pilot of 5 to 6 countries of the low and medium income countries in its first phase. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
  17. 17. Guidance Sought The Conference is invited to: • take note of the major actions carried out by FAO to address regional priorities during 2012-2013, including actions undertaken in response to the recommendations of the previous Session; • support the three regional initiatives as means to further focus FAO’s work for impact at country level within the MTP/PWB and for resource mobilization during 2014-2015. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region

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