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NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE IN SUPPORT OF GOOD GOVERNANCE – ONGOING INITIATIVES

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The presentation provides an overview of the ongoing initiatives ot the national spatial data infrastructure in support of good governance

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NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE IN SUPPORT OF GOOD GOVERNANCE – ONGOING INITIATIVES

  1. 1. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE IN SUPPORT OF GOOD GOVERNANACE – ONGOING INITIATIVES FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Rumyana Tonchovska, Senior Land Administration Officer, FAO
  2. 2. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme WHAT IS A NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (NSDI)? SDI is a framework of policies, institutional arrangements, technologies, data and people that enables sharing and effective usage of geographic information. Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) allows geographic information to be combined from a variety of sources to a variety of disciplines, facilitating decision-making processes at all levels. WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL BENEFITS?  Data as a means for dialogue  Data and transparency  Better regulations  Digital transformation/Digital living  Governments play an important (new) role WHAT SDI INCLUDES?WHY SDI IS IMPORTANT?
  3. 3. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme MONITORING PROGRESS
  4. 4. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme AN EASY ACCESS TO A RELIABLE DATA WHERE AND WHEN NEEDED IS CRITICAL TO RESPOND TO THE TODAY’S CHALLENGES! WHERE THE MOST PEOPLE ARE AT THE TIME OF DISASTER? WHERE TO RESETTLE THE DISPLACED PEOPLE? WHAT ARE THE DAMAGES? WHO OWNS WHAT? WHAT AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION? WHY NSDI IS RELEVANT TO LAND TENURE? MOST OF TODAY’S CHALLENGES HAVE CLEAR TENURE DIMENSIONS
  5. 5. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme
  6. 6. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Key Challenges “The information I have is not the information I want. The information I want is not the information I need. The information I need is not the information I can obtain. The information I can obtain costs more than I want to pay” Peter L. Bernstein 5MB IBM HD 1956 SDI allows you to find the right information at the time when you most need it!
  7. 7. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS Key Challenges Example from Serbia - Model in Geosector INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS How it works? How Serbia wants to work?
  8. 8. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Key Challenges DATA QUALITY AND COMPLETENES IS AN ISSUE
  9. 9. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS WHAT TOOLS DO WE HAVE?
  10. 10. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme WE HAVE THE VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON TENURE
  11. 11. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS WE HAVE TECHNOLOGIES
  12. 12. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme ALBANIA: DATA UPDATE AND IMPROVEMENT Actual Boundaries in the Field VS. Information From Property Owners Property owners identified their boundaries on the orthophotos UAV used to produce high resolution orthophotos
  13. 13. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme SIERRA LEONE: 14 AUGUST, 2017 Where the most people are in the affected zones? Where to reallocate the displaced people? What the damages are? How to estimate the compensations? THE INTERNATIONAL CHARTER ON SPACE AND MAJOR DISASTERS
  14. 14. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme SIERRA LEONE: Before Mudslide - March 2017
  15. 15. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme SIERRA LEONE: 15 AUGUST, 2017
  16. 16. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme The trial covered two small areas: Vracar – intense urban area and Novi Banovci – peri-urban area. Accuracy achieved: 84%. Estimated nationwide: Duration: one month Accuracy: 96% nationwide SERBIA – AUTOMATED BUILDINGS FOOT PRINTS EXTRACTION FROM VHR SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MACHINE LEARNING 2,7 million informal buildings identified in less than two months and 2 million Administrative orders issued
  17. 17. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme ROOF TYPES – CAN BE USED FOR PROPERTY VALUATION
  18. 18. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS Russian Federation: Desk work for administrative inspection, using Earth Observation Data TYPE: new building 2012 August 18 2011 June 02 Automated Change Detection of New Constructions and Building Improvements USING SATTELITE IMMAGERY FOR CHANGE DETECTION
  19. 19. DigitalGlobe Proprietary. (C) DigitalGlobe. All right reserved. In Kiev: Out of 88 reported errors, 56 were found to be similar. The correction of 56 errors led to automatic correction of more than 2000 errors Ukraine: Automatic tools for error reporting, identification, classification and correction During the first month: 11 000 errors reported 8 000 corrected. UKRAINE: CROWDSOURCING FOR IMPROVING DATA QUALITY AND COMPLETENES 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme
  20. 20. Water level rise of:  1 m  3 m  2 m  4 m  5 m  6 m  7 m UKRAINE: Flooding Forecast 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme
  21. 21. UKRAINE - Specialized Data Examples Topographic Map 1 : 500 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme
  22. 22. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme WE HAVE A NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE (NSDI) DIAGNOSTIC TOOL LAUNCHED IN DECEMBER 2016 COMPLETED IN 14 COUNTRIES IN AFRICA, ASIA, EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA Outputs:  Completed questionnaire based on interviews (2-3 hours)  Scores for 9 categories- “the journey of NSDI development”  Assessment Report (standard format, approx. 10 pages)  List of priority sectors and datasets for socio-economic assessment Key Parameters: Standardized, Quick and efficient can be completed in a one week mission
  23. 23. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme COUNTRY LEVELACTION AND INVESTMENT PLANS Country priorities (tourism, roads, FDI) Key Registers (datasets) $$ Investment $$ ALBANIA -10,000 -5,000 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 Year 1 Year2 Year 3 Year4 Year5 Year 6 Year7 Year8 Year9 Year 10 Year11 Year12 EuroMillion Project Life Cycle Cost-Benefit Analysis (Mean Case) Present value of benefits Present value of costs Net Cashflow Base Case: Project Life: 12 years Investment: US$50m Discount Rate: 12% RoI: 2.5 : 1 (conservative) COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS RESULTS
  24. 24. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FROM NATIONAL TO SUBNATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE HO CHI MINH CITY - SMART CITY PROGRAM HO CHI MINH CITY 7 BREAK-THROUGH PROGRAMS 2016-2020 PRIORITY CORRIDORS FLOODING SCENARIO 2050GREEN SPACE PLAN
  25. 25. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS DISCOVERY DAYS SHARING INNOVATIONS AND BEST PRACTICES
  26. 26. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme CROSS REGISONAL KNOWLEDGE SHARING. SERBIA - SIERRA LEON  REMOTE KNOWLEDGE SHARING  REMOTE SDI DIAGNOSTICS COMPLETION  REMOTE DEVELOPMENT OF A ROAD MAP SERBIA SIERRA LEONE
  27. 27. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS NEW INITIATIVE IN SUPPORT OF NSDI IMPLEMENTATION
  28. 28. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP: WORLD BANK – UNGGIM AGREEMENT “BRIDGING THE GEOSPATIAL DIGITAL DIVIDE” Aim: Assist countries to develop and implement digital transformation to bridge the geospatial digital divide Key Activities: 1. Develop an overarching Geospatial Framework for countries to reference when developing their national and sub-national spatial data infrastructures (SDIs). The Framework will consist of principles, reference guides and good practices for topics 2. Assist countries to prepare and implement Country-level Action Plans to operationalize the Geospatial Framework taking into consideration national circumstances and priorities. Signed August, 2017
  29. 29. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme The Integrated Geospatial Information Framework provides a basis and guide for developing, integrating and strengthening geospatial information management. The Integrated Geospatial Information Framework provides a basis and guide for developing, integrating and strengthening geospatial information management.
  30. 30. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme STRATEGIC PATHWAYS
  31. 31. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme DRAFT INTEGRATED GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK CONSULTATIONS’ PLAN Global Consultation (UN Member States) GGIM Committee of Experts decision (June 2018) (Aug 2018) Initial draft Feedback from UN- GGIM Groups and Experts Consultation at World Bank Land Conference (Jan 2018) (Dec 2017) (19 Mar 2018)
  32. 32. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme LEARNING FROM EACH OTHERS: CROSS REGIONAL COOPERATION  REMOTE KNOWLEDGE SHARING  REMOTE SDI DIAGNOSTICS COMPLETION  REMOTE DEVELOPMENT OF A ROAD MAP SERBIA SIERRA LEONE
  33. 33. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Centre of Excellence INSTITUTIONS SOLUTIONPROVIDERS DISCOVERY DAYS SHARING INNOVATIONS AND BEST PRACTICES
  34. 34. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Geospatial Information contributes to speed up the VGGT implementation towards achieving the SDGs Technologies are available and can help developing countries ‘leapfrog’ ahead to achieve the 2030 agenda Partnership, Advocacy and Capacity Development are key for the success Political will is critical- need convincing arguments to support investment in NSDI (business case is needed) CONCLUSSIONS
  35. 35. Thank you! 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Strengthening geospatial information management will assist nations in bridging the geospatial digital divide, secure socio-economic prosperity, and leave no one behind.

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