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Mozambique

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http://www.fao.org/globalsoilpartnership
This presentation was made during the African Soil Prtnership consulation workshop which took a place in Ghana, 20-22 May 2015. This presentation was made by Enga. Nobela Laurinda, and it presents the status priorities & changes for SSM in Mozambique.

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Mozambique

  1. 1. REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE African Soil Partnership Workshop: “Sustainable Soil Resources Management” status, priorities and challenges Enga. Nobela, Laurinda (DARN/Soil fertility Researcher) 20-22 May 2015
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Mozambique is a huge country: approximate area of 799,380 km2, of which 13,000 km2 are inland waters, with a coastline of 2,470 km along Indian ocean • The country has different landscape types from flat or almost flat to gently undulated or undulating and finally a considerable area of steep slope • Its location makes it prone to degradation not only in agricultural lands but also in habitation areas, infrastructure like roads and in the coastal area
  3. 3. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION Located in South west coast of Africa Coordinates: between the parallel 10˚ 27’ and 26˚ 52’ S and longitude 30˚ 12’ and 40˚51’ E Borders: Tanzania in the north, Malawi and Zambia in Northwest, Zimbabwe and South Africa in the west, and the south with Suaziland and South Africa Population (2010 statistic): 22.416.881 Now might be ~ 25million habitants Climate: Humid tropical, Arid sub-humid , Semi- arid and Arid regions along the country
  4. 4. Soil types Arenosols 29% Lixisolos 23% Leptosols 9% Fluvisols 6% Acrissolo 8% Ferralsols 7% Luvisols 5% The others < 5%
  5. 5. Agriculture • Farmers typology: 3levels based on the assets; being smallholder farmers the majority (~80%) • Farmers practice rain-fed agriculture • Farmers face low crop production as a result of: - Using soils with poor natural fertility - Fertile soils being degraded - Associated with limited use of external inputs animal traction and mechanical implements (hand hoe mostly used)
  6. 6. Main causes for soil degradation • Natural disasters ‘floods, draught and cyclones’ • Encroachment of forest for several purposes –Opening new agriculture land –As a source of energy ‘fire wood and charcoal’ –As source of income ‘timber for building material and wood for furniture and exportation • Use of inadequate agricultural practices • Mining ‘there is an increasing mine industry’
  7. 7. Natural disasters
  8. 8. Natural disasters
  9. 9. Human activities
  10. 10. SSM -Main Objectives • PQG ‘2015-2019’: Promote a sustainable use of soil resources in general (is one of the government priorities) • MASA: PEDSA – sustainable and integral use of soil resources (land, water, forest and fauna) • IIAM: Research and promote sustainable agricultural technologies toward an increase production and soil productivity • Disseminating ISFM practices (training extension workers and farmers)
  11. 11. Technologies being promoted • ISFM practices to increase crop production and productivity, reduce erosion, improve soil fertility • Discourage the massive slash and burn practice • Soil acidity correction • Use of contour planting in steep slope areas
  12. 12. Rotation / intercropping and organic sources of nutrients
  13. 13. Research priorities • Map degraded areas: define intervention strategies with emphasis on sustainable practices • Understand how aggradation agriculture will respond to specific Agro –ecological zone under intensification agriculture for sustainable production • Refine the fertilizer recommendation manual (INIA) into site specific recommendations • Document and create a data base for the findings
  14. 14. Research priorities cont… • There is a strong need for Soil and water Conservation measures in order to prevent land degradation and crop failure • Build farmers capacity and ability to manage site specific climate related risks • Go for demand driven research (PAR approach)
  15. 15. Challenges in promoting SSM • Weak linkages between research and extension (Human resources has been the constraint) • Institutional linkages (harmonizing agendas has been difficult) • Fostering Functionality of created Innovation platforms • SSM should be under government agenda with clear policies
  16. 16. Challenges in promoting SSM/ISFM • All intervenients should be involved in the planning and role definition To ensure ownership of the program ‘bring Sustainability’ • Difficult to foster individuals for positive social values even with knowledge, skills changing behavior take time • Seek ways for market linkage and agro-processing in areas far from the main road • Bringing in place alternative source of income to reduce pressure on land and forest resources
  17. 17. Existing initiatives • SOFECSA continue with the LC’s • SHC-AGRA • CCAFS -CIAT • OFRA
  18. 18. EMBRAPA cooperation • Training farmers on indicators for soil quality
  19. 19. THANKS, Obrigado, Merci

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