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Presentación de Liban Golicha (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indígenas

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Presentación de Liban Golicha (Kenya) en el marco del Seminario Internacional de Expertos sobre 'Diversidad Cultural, Sistemas Alimentarios y Estrategias Tradicionales de Vida' realizado del 4 al 6 de noviembre de 2014 en Cusco Perú.

Presentación de Liban Golicha (Kenya) en el marco del Seminario Internacional de Expertos sobre 'Diversidad Cultural, Sistemas Alimentarios y Estrategias Tradicionales de Vida' realizado del 4 al 6 de noviembre de 2014 en Cusco Perú.

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Presentación de Liban Golicha (Kenya) - Seminario Internacional Pueblos Indígenas

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON CULTURAL DIVERSITY, FOOD SYSTEMS AND TRADITIONAL LIVELIHOODS. CUSCO PERU 4TH -6TH NOV. 2014 LIBAN GOLICHA WASO TRUSTLAND PROJECT ISIOLO COUNTY KENYA Email: libangolicha@yahoo.com Website: www.wasotrust.org PASTORALISM IN NORTHERN KENYA
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION  Size – 582,650 square KM (224,962 square miles)  Population – 43 million  Administrative Unit - 47 Counties
  3. 3. WASO TRUSTLAND PROJECT • VISION Empowered pastoralist communities that enjoys peace, secure land tenure, abundant natural resources and sustainable development in Isiolo County MISSION WTL exist to empower pastoralist communities to understand and apply their rights and responsibilities on the management of their land and natural resources through training, education and advocacy
  4. 4. PROGRAM THEMATIC AREAS 1. Land Rights and Sustainable Land Use Practices  To facilitate individual residents and pastoralist communities in Isiolo county attain tenure rights and use their land in a sustainable way. 2. Social Economic Development  To equip community members with skills to sustainably use culture and natural resources for economic gains and promotion of social cohesion.
  5. 5. PROGRAM CON’T 3. Environment and Natural Resources Management  To create awareness on community based environment conservation concept and opportunities to sustainably exploit natural products for economic gains. 4. Research, Documentation and Dissemination  To provide information to aid other advocacy work on land and land related issues in Isiolo County
  6. 6. DEFINITION Pastoralism refers both an economic activity and cultural identity  Is a livelihood system that incorporates refined resource management, production, trade and social welfare mechanisms Crucial aspect of pastoralist specialization are:- I.The interaction of people, animals and environment; particularly strategic mobility of livestock and selective feeding II.The dev’t of flexible resource management system; particularly communal land management institution and non exclusive entitlement to water resources
  7. 7. STATUS o Pastoralism is mostly undertaken in ASALs, that make up more than 40% of the earth’s dry surface and home to 35% of the world population. oIn Kenya, ASALs occupy 89% of land mass, home to 14million people and 70% of the national livestock herd o Pastoralists account for about 20% of the total population oThey occupy most of the country’s 80% arid and semi-arid areas.
  8. 8. CHALLENGES Pastoralism perceived as an outdated, economically inefficient and environmentally destructive land use system Government policies to settle pastoralists and to be ‘modern’ Contribution to the economy of Kenya not acknowledged by the state. Pastoralist are economically and politically marginalized ASALs have lowest development indicator in all aspects and the highest incidence of poverty.
  9. 9. Challenges Con’t This was as result of:- I. Conscious public policy choices taken in Kenya’s past, under the heading “Provincial Balance and Social Inertia” II. Biased policy guiding direction of gov’t resources  Northern Kenya is now seen as the new frontier that will provide new opportunities for space and in areas of tourism and other forms of business ventures including energy explorations  Loss of land to investors, farmers, parks and conservancies that shrink grazing lands and block traditional migratory routes  Loss of wetlands, riverine forests – dry season refuges  cultural erosion  dispossession and conflict
  10. 10. OPPORTUNITIES Demonstration of renewed commitment by GoK to the ASALs since 2003 I. Economic Recovery Strategy Paper 2003 II. Ministry of State for Dev’t of NK and other ALs. III.The National policy for Sustainable Dev’t of NK and other ALs. - Provision in this policies are consistent with the AU policy framework for Pastoralist in Africa-approved January 2011
  11. 11. Opportunities con’t New Constitution (Kenya Constitution 2010) Devolution  The devolution of power down from central to county governments can potentially promote autonomy and self-determination at local community levels  Equalization Funds National Land Policy/Community land tenure System “To secure community land, the government shall:  Repeal the Trust Land Act (Cap 288)”  Document and map existing forms of communal land tenure and facilitate the orderly evolution of community land law. Bill of Rights  Right to language and culture
  12. 12. OPPORTUNITIES Con’t Community Empowerment Initiatives Community driven Bio-cultural Community Protocol (BCP) initiatives that facilitate culturally rooted, participatory decision-making processes within communities to assert rights over their culturally managed lands and traditional knowledge . Free, prior and informed consent – Participatory development/designing of community project
  13. 13. DIVERSE ECOLOGY
  14. 14. MOBILITY
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Opens up pastures, stimulates vegetation growth, contribute to seed dispersal, pasture diversity and enhance nutrient cycling through the ecosystem Helped maintain healthy wildlife population through grazing actions
  16. 16. SOCIAL CHANGES Restricted Mobility results to:-  Human settlements  Increased livestock concentration  Environmental degradation  Visible flash points  Constraints movements Causes  Changing aspirations and economic needs  Youth urban migration to seek formal employment or engage in new forms of business
  17. 17. SHOWCASING BIOCULTURAL DIVERSITY
  18. 18. WAY FORWARDWAY FORWARD “The problem of under-development in arid lands cannot be solved by the same approaches, mindset and methods that created them” Hon Mohamed Ibrahim Elmi, Minister of State for the Development of Northern Kenya and other arid lands
  19. 19. BUILDING BRIDGES
  20. 20. END GALATOMA! ASANTENI! THANK YOU!

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