- Soil pollution is a worldwide problem, - the consumption of goods in one place of the world has an ecological footprint in the place where they were produced, as well as during their transport.
Furthermore, soil pollution is closely related to pollution in other environmental compartments, Such as water, air and oceans and causes severe problems in human and animal health, Reduces food safety and security, And induces poverty and migration
The GSOP18 was the first step on the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management regarding soil pollution Brought evidence to identify the role of soil pollution on achieving the SDGs. and allowed to identify the main gaps and solutions that will support the implementation of the UNEA-3 declaration on soil pollution for sustainable development.
The main conclusions of the symposium were: The human activities are the main causes There are enough scientific evidence to demonstrate that soil pollution is a worrying problem that needs to be tackle now. We cannot wait any longer or the consequences will be too severe. All stakeholders, from farmers and civil society to policymakers, governments, the industry and the scientific community, have a responsibility and a role to play in preventing and controlling soil pollution.
The potential of soils to cope with pollution is limited. Soil pollution has a high economic and social cost, reduces crop yields, induces land abandonment and migration, causes a variety of diseases, many of them with chronic effects, and is highly resource-intensive to be remediated. So, Prevention must be a global priority. Despite all the efforts done until now, many uncertainties still remain. National soil information, technical capacity building and technology transfer are essential to assess soil pollution impacts at a global scale
As a result of the symposium, participants and co-organizers came up with 8 main recommendations, that can be grouped in three main topics: Regarding policy-making process: improve existing guidelines and internationals agreements related to soil pollution Develop new guidelines to fill the gaps GSOP18 participants recognised the key role of the GSP in raising global awareness and called for continued activity in this regard. It was agreed that, although sufficient information is already available for action, harmonized approaches and increased data availability are needed.
ITEM 9. Global Soil Pollution Assessment - Natalia Eugenio Rodriguez
Natalia Rodríguez Eugenio
It is a worldwide problem, no more pristine areas
Why a Symposium on Soil Pollution?
Provide scientific evidence
• to support actions and decisions
• to prevent and reduce soil pollution
• for increased food safety, food security and
nutrition, ecosystem services, and
• promote the restoration of polluted sites.
Why a Symposium on Soil Pollution?
• The main sources of soil contaminants
are human activities.
• Enough scientific evidence of the risk
posed by soil pollution to food security,
the environment and human health.
• Tackling soil pollution requires joint
efforts to prevent, minimize and
GSOP18: Main conclusions
• The prevention of soil pollution should be
a top priority worldwide and when present,
minimization/remediation actions should
• The status of global soil pollution is still
unknown. Investment on national soil
information systems and capacity
development is a precondition.
GSOP18: Main conclusions
• Rec. 1: tools and
of soil pollution
• Rec. 3:
• Rec. 2: include
measures in the
• Rec. 6: capacity
covering the full
cycle of soil
• Rec. 4: WG 1-
reporting on soil
• Rec. 5: WG 2 -
database of good
• Rec. 7: implement
the activities of
• Rec. 8: global
assessment of the
status of soil
1. What has already been done?
2. What is under implementation?
3. What needs to be done?
4. How would it contribute to
GLOSIS and SoilSTAT?
Develop and implement tools and
guidelines that would support the
prevention and remediation of soil
pollution, such as the International
Code of Conduct for the Use and
Management of Fertilizers.
To include soil pollution assessment
and minimization measures in the Soil
Doctors Programme in order to
support land users to maintain healthy
soils under local conditions for long-
To establish an expert and multi-
stakeholder working group to develop
guidelines for assessing, mapping,
monitoring and reporting on soil
Total of participants
To establish a working group to
develop a technical manual for the
management and remediation of
polluted soils, including a database on
the BAT for remediating soil pollution
To advocate for the implementation
of existing guidelines to ensure safe
food in the face of emerging soil
To implement capacity development
building and training activities
covering the full cycle of soil
pollution: from its assessment to its
Includes the strengthening of
facilities for data analysis and
To implement the activities of the
global soil laboratory network
(GLOSOLAN), including harmonized
methods to identify and measure soil
Work together with Pillar 4
and Pillar 5
To prepare a global assessment of the
status of soil pollution including its
regional trends following a country-
driven process in combination with
state-of-the-art scientific tools.
Strengthen national soil
information systems to
include data on contaminants
HOW to do this global assessment?
1) Bibliographic review
2) Questionnaire to countries through RSP
On WHAT to do the global assessment?
2. Main polluting activities (SoilSTAT)
3. Extent of soil pollution (GLOSIS)
4. Assessment and monitoring (GLOSIS)
5. Risks to human health and the environment
6. Polluted soil management
7. National capacities available to deal with soil
This information must provide the
actual situation and trends of soil
pollution to promote action among
Linking the results to the
achievement of the SDGs could
facilitate action to be taken
The information collected will be
assessed as to its:
- Suitability for incorporation into the
SoilSTAT and the GLOSIS.
Possibility of producing a global
map on soil pollution?