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ITEM 14. GSP – The Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) - Lucrezia Caon

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Fourth Working Session of the International Network of Soil Information Institutions (INSII)
6-8 November 2018 | FAO HQ – German Room, Rome, Italy

Published in: Education
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ITEM 14. GSP – The Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) - Lucrezia Caon

  1. 1. Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) Ms. Lucrezia Caon
  2. 2. Outcomes of the 5thGSP Plenary Assembly Endorsement of Pillar 5 Implementation Plan and support to its execution, includingthe establishment of regionalanda Global SoilLaboratory Network
  3. 3. RegionalSoilLaboratoryNetworks (RESOLANs)
  4. 4. Why should countries join GLOSOLAN and RESOLANs? Remember that most soil characterizations & recommendations are based on… Soil analytical results!
  5. 5. When sending a same soil sample to any soil lab…
  6. 6. When sending a same soil sample to any soil lab… …your expectation is to get the same result (+/- uncertainty)
  7. 7. When sending a same soil sample to any soil lab… …and to obtain the same soil classification or provide similar recommendations, etc.
  8. 8. In reality… Large differences are observed between laboratories (even for something as simple as pH)
  9. 9. P Laboratory(confidential code) pH Laboratory(confidential code) Example provided by SEALNET2.0 (ring test, South-EastAsia)
  10. 10. Inconclusion,if yousendthesamesoil sample to differentlabs… Sometimesyougetdifferentresultsandconclusions
  11. 11. Inconclusion,if yousendthesamesoil sample to differentlabs… But which laboratory is right?
  12. 12. To help answering this question, GLOSOLAN was launched on 1-2 November 2017 Main goals of GLOSOLAN: • To strengthen the performance of laboratories towards the development of standards • To harmonize soil analyses in order to make soil information across laboratories, countries and regions comparable and interpretable Overall, GLOSOLAN will help achieve the objectives of the 5 Pillars of Action of the GSP
  13. 13. Identify research gapse.g. which promising methods require refinement and furtherdevelopment? Area for investment, technical cooperation, extension services Provision of reliabledata to support the establishment of the Global Soil Information System(GLOSIS) Improve the basisfor decision making regarding e.g.soil fertility, SOCmanagement
  14. 14. Chair Mrs. Nopmanee Suvannang (Thailand) Vice-Chair ITPS Chair for Pillar 5 Working Group Mr. Christian Hartmann (France) Mrs. Floria Bertsch (Costa Rica) Mrs. Rosa Cuevas (Mexico) Mr. Nicolas Proix (France) Mr. Maksym Solokha (Ukraine) Ms. Olga Yakimenko (Russia) The working group is open to further members GLOSOLAN’s governance
  15. 15. FirstGLOSOLANmeeting: Roadmapandmain decisions Action Status Finalize the list of labs inGLOSOLAN Dueon December2017 Executed!
  16. 16. Action Status Finalize the list of labsin GLOSOLAN Executed! Dueon December 2017 Onlinesurvey (lab characteristics) Executed! Surveyparticipation: -73 questions divided in 10 thematicareas -300 submitted responses on 30 March 2018 (112 were complete and used for the evaluation) -732 views
  17. 17. Action Status Finalize the list of labs inGLOSOLAN Dueon December2017 Executed! Onlinesurvey(lab characteristics) Executed! Survey evaluation Executed! Main conclusion: There is a dramatic need to develop a Quality Control andAccreditation system. Results to be presented and discussed at the 2nd GLOSOLAN meeting
  18. 18. Actio n Support the establishmentof RESOLANs Status • Asia (SEALNET) 20-24 November 2017 Chair:Mr.Jamyang,Bhutan • SouthAmerica+CentralAmericaand the Caribbean(LATSOLAN): 1-3March2018 Chair:Mrs.FloriaBertsch,CostaRica
  19. 19. Actio n Status Support the establishmentof RESOLANs • Undergoing: • EuropeandEurasia (EUROSOLAN?) • Pacific(SPACNET?) • NearEastandNorthAfrica • Africa • NorthAmerica
  20. 20. Action Status Concept Note for a "Best practices manual" Submitted! Report from GLOSOLANChair Executed! during the 6th GSPPlenaryAssembly
  21. 21. Despite multiple existing guidelines and handbooks, the variability of methods, machinery and analytical quality is immense. Pillar 5–Harmonization–foreseesthe development of abestpracticesguidelines. • acompendiumofdifferentmanualsthatallows forthebestflexible approach: o thecollectionofmanualscouldgrowovertime,depending onthe timefor review,timeforallowing inputbyregional partners, and other aspects o Inspecific cases,regionalspecificscouldalsobehighlighted,oreven summarized inannexesordifferent volumes. Link to the work done by the Regional Soil Laboratory Networks (RESOLANs) in term of regional harmonization of the procedures to assesssoil nutrientparameters.
  22. 22. Manual 1: Site characterization, sampling and sample pre-treatment. Volume 1. How to collect a soil sample for soil nutrient assessment: site selection and sampling. Extra notes on the content: equipment, sample transport and storage, moisture conditions Volume 2. Generic characterization of sites and samples Extra notes on the content: site description, texture class, soil type, etc. Volume 3: Soil pre-treatment Manual 2: Soil chemical analysis (note that for each method there will be information on the relevance/use, principle of measurement, apparatus, reagents, procedure, calculations, report, and references) Volume 4. Soil carbon Volume 5. Soil pH Volume 6. Soil Phosphorus Volume 7. Soil Potassium Volume 8. Soil Nitrogen Volume 9. Exchangeable cations and CEC Volume 10. Exchangeable microelements. Volume 11. Soil carbonate content Volume 12. Soil gypsum and salt content Volume 13. Soil electrical conductivity Volume 14. Special soil analysis for peats, mineral and organic soils, agriculture and forests.
  23. 23. Manual 1: Site characterization, sampling and sample pre-treatment. Volume 1. How to collect a soil sample for soil nutrient assessment: site selection and sampling. Extra notes on the content: equipment, sample transport and storage, moisture conditions Volume 2. Generic characterization of sites and samples Extra notes on the content: site description, texture class, soil type, etc. Volume 3: Soil pre-treatment Manual 2: Soil chemical analysis Volume 4. Soil carbon Volume 5. Soil pH Volume 6. Soil Phosphorus Volume 7. Soil Potassium Volume 8. Soil Nitrogen Volume 9. Exchangeable cations and CEC Volume 10. Exchangeable microelements. Volume 11. Soil carbonate content Volume 12. Soil gypsum and salt content Volume 13. Soil electrical conductivity Volume 14. Special soil analysis for peats, mineral and organic soils, agriculture and forests.
  24. 24. Manual 3: Soil physical analysis Volume 15. Bulk density Volume 16. Coarse fragments Volume 17. Particle size distribution Volume 18. Water retention curve Manual 4: Soil biological analysis Volume 19. Soil microbial biomass Manual 5: Data quality, management and validation Volume 20. Data quality requirements Volume 21. Data management and validation Manual 6: Data processing: Soil functions, classification, statistics
  25. 25. To disseminate the knowledge collected in the volumes, it is proposed that each RESOLANselect one laboratory that will be called a‘Regional ReferenceCenter (RRC). - - - to provide regional and international trainings(CAPACITYBUILDING) to facilitate standardization and harmonization of the methods within and between regions (also exchangeprogrammes) to facilitate the execution of activities inGLOSOLANasneeded
  26. 26. Regional Reference Centers (RRC): Activities WITHIN regions
  27. 27. Regional Reference Centers (RRC): Activities BETWEEN regions (link to proficiency testing)
  28. 28. Estimated required budget USD 500 000 to - Write and publish the manuals - Build the capacity of RRC - Organize regional trainings in the RRCs
  29. 29. Action Status Concept Note to launchan international proficiency tests Underway (collaboration with WEPAL) Regional proficiency tests are undergoing in LatinAmerica andAsia– RESOLANs: • Need for supportto exchangingsoilsamplesfor researchpurposesunder GLOSOLAN “The 6th GSP Plenary Assembly endorsed the proposal for writing a planning document for proficiency tests under GLOSOLAN and expressed the need for facilitating the exchange of soil samples for research and technical exchange purposes and asked the Secretariat to submit a proposal in this regard.”
  30. 30. Action Status Develop the agenda of the 2nd GLOSOLAN meeting (28-30 November 2018 Core topics of discussion: - Establishment of RESOLANs in Africa, NENA, the Pacific, Europe and Eurasia - Standard Operational Procedures (SOPs) including the involvement of ISO • How many SOPs are we going to develop under GLOSOLAN? • Who to develop them? • How to manage SOPs developed at the regional level in GLOSOLAN? • Role of ISO - Proficiency test including the involvement of WEPAL and the preparation of a planning document plus a resolution to facilitate the exchange of soil samples under GLOSOLAN • How are we going to manage regional and global ring tests? Regional ring tests need to be harmonized! • Capacity building at the national and regional level • Data ownership and management (link to the GSP Soil Data Policy) • Budget • The issue of soil data results interpretation (how and when are we going to deal with it?) • Implementation of the 6th GSP Plenary Assembly decisions Executed!
  31. 31. Action Status Develop the agenda of the 2nd GLOSOLAN meeting (28-30 November 2018 Core topics of discussion: - “Best practice manual” • Is it needed or would it be a repetition of existing work? • Objectives • Timeline • Leading authors • Link to the Guidelines under development in SEALNET - Data policy - Lab accreditation - New innovation techniques Executed!
  32. 32. RESOLAN Asia: SEALNET
  33. 33. Establishmentof SEALNET 20-25 November 2017 • Appointment of Chair andCo-Chair • Establishment of the workinggroup • Agree on the objectives ofSEALNET • Setup of the Roadmapfor 2018 Appointed on 20-25 Nov2017 Established on 20-25 Nov2017 Agreed upon on 20-25 Nov2017 Setup on 20-25 Nov2017 All participating countriesdecidedto join SEALNET
  34. 34. Internal & External qualityassessment • • • Writing of “Guidelines for implementinggood laboratory practices and quality managementin soil laboratories Internal quality assessment Ringtest on agreed upon soil parameters (using agreed upon methods) Draft underpreparation Duein July2018 Data results due in July2018 Results’analysisdue in September 2018 • • • • pHin water(method: 1:2.5, unit of measure: N/A); Organic carbon (method: Walkley & Black,unit of measure:%Cairdry) Exchangeable potassium (method: Ammonium acetate, unit of measure: cmolc K/kg or mg K/kg airdry) Available phosphorus (method: Olsen, unit of measure: mgP/kgairdry) Workinggroupfor SEALNETto develop StandardOperational Procedures(SOPs)for the 4 parameters listed above First draft to be delivered on: August2018 Internal revision: August– September 2018 Final draft: end of September 2018 Endorsement at 2nd SEALNETmeeting
  35. 35. Topics for discussion at the second SEALNET meeting (Bhopal, India,19-23 November 2018) o Review of the ring testresults; o Review of the internal quality controlassessment; o Review and endorsement of the SOPsfor pHin water, organiccarbon, exchangeablepotassium and available phosphorus; and o Identification of new soil parameters to developSOPson
  36. 36. RESOLAN Latin America: LATSOLAN
  37. 37. Launch of the Latin American Soil Laboratories Network (LATSOLAN), 1-3 March, 2018, Mexico Participating countries: Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panamá, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile and Argentina Pending countries: El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti and Cuba
  38. 38.  ADirective Groupwas established  Launchofa regionalring test Advances  3 samplesof 250 geach (Specialletter forthe phytosanitary control offices of eachcountry allowed the entry of 100%of the sampleswithout problem)  Soil Parameters to evaluate: • pH • Total Carbon and Total Organic Carbon • Oxydized Organic Carbon (Walkley & Black) • Total Nitrogen (Kjeldahl y Dumas) • Exchangeable Ca-Mg-K (Ammonium acetate)  Two protocols: • Labroutine • Consensusprotocols (SOPs) 2nd LATSOLAN meeting: 11-14 March 2019
  39. 39. Thanks for your attention and contribution

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