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Introduction to the GSP and sustainable soil management - Eduardo Mansur


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The 21st World Congress of Soil Science
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | 12 - 17 August 2018

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Introduction to the GSP and sustainable soil management - Eduardo Mansur

  1. 1. Status of global soils: challenges for sustainable development Eduardo Mansur Director - Land and Water Division Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO
  2. 2. 2 Food security and nutrition for all!!! FAO’s mandate!
  3. 3. Predicted world’s population of over 9 bn by 2050 will require the provision of enough good quality food and water.
  4. 4. 4 • World hunger on the rise again • To meet growing food demand, it is necessary to develop more productive and sustainable farming systems • Undernourished people increased to 815 million in 2016 • 26.4 mil people displaced each year • 244 mil international migrants • 3/4 of the world's poor depend on agriculture
  5. 5. Why promoting SSM? Soil is the foundation for agricultural production and depends on us to care it
  6. 6. Why promoting SSM? Soils are our best ally for climate change adaptation and mitigation
  7. 7. TODAY, 33% of land is moderately to highly degraded mainly because of erosion, salinization, compaction, acidification and chemical pollution
  8. 8. 9
  9. 9. Main soil threats Detailed information are provided in the Status of the World’s Soil Resources report, (FAO and ITPS, 2015 - )
  10. 10. 11
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. 11 Basic principles: MINIMIZE - soil erosion - soil structure degradation - nutrients imbalance - salinization, sodification and alkalinization - contaminants - soil sealing is minimized. - optimized and safe use of agrochemicals INCREASE - surface cover - soil organic matter - water efficiency - soil biodiversity Sustainable Soil Management
  13. 13. How to boost the practice of Sustainable Soil Management?
  14. 14. 15 ❖ A void on Soil governance at global level ❖ Soil Investment far too low ❖Weakening of national soil institutions ❖Gap on targeted soil research BEFORE 2012 |
  15. 15. 16 ❖ Soil degradation, a continuous serious threat ❖ Outdated soil information at global and regional levels ❖ Poor knowledge and appreciation of soil functions for life BEFORE 2012 |
  16. 16. The Global Soil Partnership promotes Sustainable Soil Management to improve soil governance at all levels to support/enhance the provision of essential ecosystem services 2012
  17. 17. GSP in action
  18. 18. 19 GSP Pillars of Action 1. Promote sustainable management of soil resources and improved global governance for soil protection and sustainable productivity; 2. Encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education, awareness and extension in soils; 3. Promote targeted soil research development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies among economic, environmental and social dimensions; 4. Enhance the quality and availability of soil data and information: collection, analysis, validation, reporting, monitoring, integration with other disciplines; 5. Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicators for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources.
  19. 19. Partners GSP Secretary Guided/ Advised by Composed by Facilitated by Through Plenary Assembly Regional Soil Partnerships Since 2012
  21. 21. Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils  Core of the GSP as it constitutes the scientific foundation of it (science for decision making).  To date, they have produced a very important number of key scientific and normative publications.  New members June 2018-June 2021.  Scientific community is invited to play an active role in various global assessments.
  22. 22. 3. Launch of the SOIL PORTAL in the 6 FAO official languages
  23. 23. Normative work
  24. 24. 2. Two important new celebrations were endorsed by the UN General Assembly in 2013
  25. 25. 4. Awareness raising material
  26. 26. 27 5. Technical publications and outreach
  27. 27. Investing on sustainable soil management, providing multiple benefits: - Food security: food production, nutrition and food safety. - Climate change mitigation and adaptation (resilience). - Provision of ecosystem services and biodiversity. - Reducing degradation (LDN). - Sustainable development (SDGs). - Pollution free world: soil pollution. - Poverty alleviation and rural development.
  28. 28. 29 Capacity building Capacity development activities in various soil topics (soil salinity management, digital soil mapping, sustainable soil management, soil organic carbon mapping, carbon sequestration, etc.) in Africa, Eurasia, North Africa-Near East, Latin America, Asia Different modalities of training: on the job training, summer courses, GSP education platform for online courses, etc.
  29. 29. 30 • 110 Countries • 250 Soil Experts • 65% Global Coverage • 87% Developing World Covered GSP CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
  30. 30. 6. Advocacy for the inclusion of soil into the SDGs
  31. 31. 7. Establishment of technical networks • the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) • the International Network of Soil Information Institutions (INSII) • The Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) • The International Network of Black Soils (INBS)
  32. 32. 8. Establishment of the Glinka World Soil Prize
  33. 33. 9. As part of the implementation of the VGSSM: Organization of Global Symposiums
  34. 34. 35
  35. 35. Each Symposium aimed to identify concrete activities to implement under the framework of the VGSSM
  36. 36. Main outcome of the GSOC17: The 8 recommendations in the outcome document of the symposium are being addressed through these activities: - Invest on capacity development and trainings on SOC [GSP capacity development programme + GSOCmap] - Develop guidelines for SOC monitoring [in progress] - Estimate the potential for SOC sequestration [in progress] - Implementation of the VGSSM [in progress] - Establishment of the International Network of Black Soils to prevent SOC losses and prioritize soils with high SOC [in progress, establishment of the network]
  37. 37. The GSOC map will support countries in reporting on SDG 15.3.1 on land degradation. Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOC) How was the map developed? Through support and involvement of FAO member countries: bottom-up approach. Every country develops its own map under agreed specifications.
  38. 38. 39 GSOCmap
  39. 39. Outcomes GSOP18:CoCoFe & Global assessment on soil pollution A further step towards sustainable soil management and for better management of fertilizers. To clearly understand the extent, the gaps, what is being done and what needs to be done to prevent, minimize and remediate soil pollution.
  40. 40. 41 • Raise awareness on soil pollution threat to human health and the environment • Implement existing guidelines and regulations to prevent and minimize soil pollution • Capacity building (from soil pollution assessment to site remediation) • Implement a global assessment of the status of soil pollution using a country-driven process according to the UNEA 3 declaration Proposed activities for implementation at the GSOP18
  41. 41. 42 What’s Next?
  42. 42. 43 • Implement the global and the regional implementation plans • Implementation of the VGSSM • World Soil Day 2018 “Be the solution to Soil pollution” including the Glinka Prize 2018 • Establishment of the Global Soil Information System including SoilSTAT • Preparation of technical manuals on regional soil organic carbon management, soil salinity management, soil restoration, soil contamination and associated training activities WORKPLAN | 2018 – 2019
  43. 43. 44 ❖ Implementation of targeted research activities on soil salinity in Moldova, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Armenia and Belorussia. ❖ Capacity development on Soil Organic Carbon mapping in Asia, Africa, Latin America and Near East. ❖ Project activities: online consultations for the CoCoFe, assessing the costs related to soil loss, enhancing human nutrition through soil nutrient management; soil doctors program, GROW project, etc.
  44. 44. Soil Doctors Programme The programme aims to educate farmers on soil science principles for practices of sustainable soil management by providing them with a set of educational materials and a soil testing methods (STM) manual for preliminary soil analysis.
  45. 45. Global Symposium on Soil Erosion Global Symposium on Soil Biodiversity Global Symposium on SSM for nutrition- sensitive agriculture (Soil Fertility) 2 0 1 9 2 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 Annual global symposium on one of the major soil threats: coming years
  46. 46. 47 JULY – AUGUST | 2018 *All covers are temporary placeholders