Inter-governmental & Expert Consultations for
Information Exchange on Shared Water Resources
in the Arab Region:
Lessons L...
The Problematic: Which Comes First?
 Water scarcity and dependency on external water resources in the Arab
Region renders...
Mandates to pursue two-pronged approach
ESCWA and BGR thus collaborated to support Member States on 2 regional efforts:

I...
Good Practice: Consultative Process
Inventory mandated by ESCWA
inter-governmental process
Implemented through
inter-gov...
Good Practice & Lesson Learned:
Addressing Surface & Groundwater Resources
- Inventory includes chapters on
shared surface...
Inventory of Shared Water Resources in
Western Asia — Main challenges
•
•
•
•

Data and information available to the publi...
Inventory of Shared Water Resources in
Western Asia — Opportunities
• Basin-level dialogue is facilitated by a common star...
Thank You!

VISIT OUR WEBSITE
www.waterinventory.org
Email contact:

waterinventory@un.org

United Nations Economic and So...
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Inter-governmental & Expert Consultations for Information Exchange on Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region

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Inter-governmental & Expert Consultations for Information Exchange on Shared Water Resources
in the Arab Region: Lessons Learned & Good Practices from the Preparation of the ESCWA-BGR Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia Carol By Chouchani Cherfane, Chief, Water Resources Section Sustainable Development & Productivity Division, UN-ESCWA, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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Inter-governmental & Expert Consultations for Information Exchange on Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region

  1. 1. Inter-governmental & Expert Consultations for Information Exchange on Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region: Lessons Learned & Good Practices from the Preparation of the ESCWA-BGR Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia Carol Chouchani Cherfane Chief, Water Resources Section Sustainable Development & Productivity Division UN-ESCWA LWDs, Amman, 16 December 2013
  2. 2. The Problematic: Which Comes First?  Water scarcity and dependency on external water resources in the Arab Region renders the management of shared water resources a matter of national security.  Information sharing and preparation of joint assessments of shared water resources by riparian countries is thus relatively rare.  The exception is between countries were a Basin Commission, Technical Committee or Institutional Arrangement has been agreed to and established.  International organization have long promoted the establishment of such cooperative arrangements to support basin-level agreements for SWRM.  The question is thus posed: Which comes first? Information or Agreements on a shared water resource. The Lesser Zab – Iraq
  3. 3. Mandates to pursue two-pronged approach ESCWA and BGR thus collaborated to support Member States on 2 regional efforts: Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia Legal Framework for Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region • Mandated by the ESCWA Committee on Water Resources • ESCWA-BGR Preparation: 2009-2013 • 9 Surface water basin chapters • 17 Groundwater chapters • 600 pages • Mandated by 22 LAS countries of the Arab Ministerial Water Council • May 2011 initiated & on-going • 3 Inter-governmental consultations + 4 AMWC Technical Committee Sessions • 6 pages Euphrates River – Syrian Arab – Iraq The Lesser Zab Republic
  4. 4. Good Practice: Consultative Process Inventory mandated by ESCWA inter-governmental process Implemented through inter-governmental and expert consultations. CWR-9 Session CWR-9 Session First completed comprehensive literature review and expert meetings rather than requesting countries to complete blank questionnaires. Country Focal Points were consulted to review draft data sheets for data confirmation and elaboration. Iterative review & consultation with countries on content of basin chapters to support their finalization. Field Trip Expert Consultation CWR-10 Session
  5. 5. Good Practice & Lesson Learned: Addressing Surface & Groundwater Resources - Inventory includes chapters on shared surface (9) and groundwater resources (17) - Renewable groundwater and surface water resources require integrated management approaches that respect hydrology & hydrogeology - Proved difficult to combine the surface and groundwater systems, but cross-referencing pursued throughout the Inventory, e.g., surface basin chapters include groundwater section. - Preparation and vetting of 60 new basin maps & ~200 illustrations can now serve a baseline for further dialogue. Source: ESCWA-BGR Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia (2013)
  6. 6. Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia — Main challenges • • • • Data and information available to the public often outdated, obsolete, contradictory or of different nature and scale. Some information (especially recent data) classified in national databases and unpublished reports. Country submissions varied significantly in terms of scope, level of detail and format; regional consultation sought to reconcile differences where possible. Difficulties in receiving country data in a timely manner, last-minute modifications has to be directly incorporated in layout versions. Where differing or contradictory information was obtained from different sources, the different data sets and arguments were all included and referenced to reflect a range of findings and viewpoints The Lesser Zab – Iraq
  7. 7. Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia — Opportunities • Basin-level dialogue is facilitated by a common starting point for information exchange and cooperation, as provided by the Inventory’s basin chapters, datasets and maps. • Data can be debated at basin-level by riparian countries, which can provide an opening for basin-level consultation and cooperation for joint assessments and improved shared water resources management. • Some countries already requesting support to this end. • Inventory offers opportunity to inform the preparation of the Legal Framework for Shared Water Resources in the Arab Region in pilot basins. Stockholm World Water Week Launch (Sept 2013) Beirut Launch Event /Press Conference (Oct 2013) Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic
  8. 8. Thank You! VISIT OUR WEBSITE www.waterinventory.org Email contact: waterinventory@un.org United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) P.O. Box 11-8575 Beirut, Lebanon

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