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Integration of Agricultural Subsectors
Introduction and examples
“
”
“
”
Mixed crop-livestock Systems
“
”
Mixed crop-livestock Systems in Zambia
• Livestock = 40% of agricultural GDP
• IAPRI/CSO/MAL survey of 8279 households: 27...
Seasonality of forage consumption
•
•
•
•
•
Feed balance for residues and grass
(dry season)
• Higher deficit
for crop residues
than for grass
• Higher distance
to co...
Livestock effect on income and its variability
0.0e+005.0e+061.0e+071.5e+07
Grossincome
Without livestock With livestock
N...
METHOD– SCENARIOS 2012-2030
Production
Cow milk, beef and goat meat
Adaptation
Transmission of inter-annual variability fr...
Results - Adaptation0.000.050.100.150.20
Interannualvariability(CV)
2000-2011 Baseline Drought
scenario scenario
0.000.050...
Overcoming trade-offs between conservation
agriculture and livestock
• Sound assessment of biomass availability and demand...
Agroforestry systems
• Use of trees and shrubs as part of agricultural systems to
prevent soil erosion, facilitate water i...
Source: Torquebiau, 2013
A range of systems and responses to CC
BUT ALSO…
• Rice-fish systems in Asia
• Livestock and fish ponds in South-East Asia
• Integrated water-soil management
• I...
Thank you
Anne.Mottet@fao.org
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Integration of agricultural subsectors – introduction and examples

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www.fao.org/climatechange

The presentation was delivered by Anne Mottet, Livestock Policy Officer of FAO, at the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Workshop, 5-7 April 2016, Rome, Italy.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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Integration of agricultural subsectors – introduction and examples

  1. 1. Integration of Agricultural Subsectors Introduction and examples
  2. 2. “ ” “ ”
  3. 3. Mixed crop-livestock Systems “ ”
  4. 4. Mixed crop-livestock Systems in Zambia • Livestock = 40% of agricultural GDP • IAPRI/CSO/MAL survey of 8279 households: 27% with cattle, 28% with goats, 75% with chicken • Growing demand for livestock products. Projections 2050: +71% beef, +129% milk and +80% small ruminant s meat
  5. 5. Seasonality of forage consumption • • • • •
  6. 6. Feed balance for residues and grass (dry season) • Higher deficit for crop residues than for grass • Higher distance to cover to fill deficit in crop residues Average distance to cover to fill deficit 31 km 8 km Crop residues Deficit/excess Grass Deficit/excess Mean Max. Excess Deficit
  7. 7. Livestock effect on income and its variability 0.0e+005.0e+061.0e+071.5e+07 Grossincome Without livestock With livestock Normal Dryer than usual 0.00.51.01.52.02.53.03.5 Variationingrossincome(CV) Without livestock With livestock Normal Dryer than usual • •
  8. 8. METHOD– SCENARIOS 2012-2030 Production Cow milk, beef and goat meat Adaptation Transmission of inter-annual variability from biomass to animal products Mitigation GHG emissions and emission intensity Vegetation (supply) 2012-2030 scenarios • Baseline • Drought Livestock (demand) Improvement options • Animal husbandry & health • Feeding practices (improved grasslands and replacement of part of the CR)
  9. 9. Results - Adaptation0.000.050.100.150.20 Interannualvariability(CV) 2000-2011 Baseline Drought scenario scenario 0.000.050.100.150.20 Interannualvariabilty(CV) 2000-2011 Baseline Drought scenario scenario • • Biomass production variability Livestock production variability
  10. 10. Overcoming trade-offs between conservation agriculture and livestock • Sound assessment of biomass availability and demand (animal feed intake and fuel)  balance • Allocation and efficient utilisation of crop residues, with minimum level of vegetative cover assessed to conserve/enhance soil resources and moisture in each agri- environmental and climatic condition, and nutrient imports from animal manure added • Identification of local alternative/complementary strategies to feeding crop residues (legumes, grasses, tree fodder…) Sources: Valbuena et al., 2012; Mueller et al., 2003
  11. 11. Agroforestry systems • Use of trees and shrubs as part of agricultural systems to prevent soil erosion, facilitate water infiltration and decrease the impacts of extreme weather. • Also helps diversify income sources and provides energy and fodder for livestock. • Nitrogen-fixing leguminous trees, such as Faidherbia albida, increase soil fertility and yields • Not a recipe: a wide variety of systems and tress species to consider in very different contexts
  12. 12. Source: Torquebiau, 2013
  13. 13. A range of systems and responses to CC
  14. 14. BUT ALSO… • Rice-fish systems in Asia • Livestock and fish ponds in South-East Asia • Integrated water-soil management • Integrated landscape management…
  15. 15. Thank you Anne.Mottet@fao.org

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