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Integrating agriculture in National Adaptation Plans

FAO
FAO
FAOCommunication Specialist at Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - UN)

http://www.fao.org/climate-change/programmes-and-projects/detail/en/c/328984/ FAO and the United Nations Development programme (UNDP) are joining forces to support countries as they integrate their agriculture sectors in the National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) process through the Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme. The main goal is to support partner countries to identify and integrate climate adaptation measures for the agricultural sector into relevant national planning and budgeting processes. © FAO: http://www.fao.org

Integrating agriculture in National Adaptation Plans

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Julia Wolf | Alessandro Spairani | Claudia Garcia
Climate Change Study Circle
28 September 2015
Presentation Outline
1. Background: Overall National Adaptation Plan
Process
2. FAO’s current ongoing work to support NAPs
3. FAO/UNDP Global Programme: Objective and
outline Support for country-level activities
4. Opportunities for collaboration
Adaptation under the Convention
From fragmentation to coordination and integration of adaptationFrom fragmentation to coordination and integration of adaptation
2001
2005
COP 11: Establishment of
Nairobi Work Programme (NWP)
COP 11: Establishment of
Nairobi Work Programme (NWP)
2007 2010
COP 7: Packages of decisions for
LDC´s:
•Addressing urgent and immediate
adaptation needs through NAPAs
•Establishment of the LDC work
programme, including the NAPAs
• Establishment of the LEG
•Establishment of the LDCF
COP 7: Packages of decisions for
LDC´s:
•Addressing urgent and immediate
adaptation needs through NAPAs
•Establishment of the LDC work
programme, including the NAPAs
• Establishment of the LEG
•Establishment of the LDCF
COP 13 Bali Action
Plan:
•Long-term and
cooperative action
by Parties initiated
COP 13 Bali Action
Plan:
•Long-term and
cooperative action
by Parties initiated
COP 16 Cancun Adaptation Framework
•New institutional structures and
processes established to address
adaptation in a coordinated and
coherent manner
Adaptation Committee
National adaptation plans
Work programme on loss and
damage
COP 16 Cancun Adaptation Framework
•New institutional structures and
processes established to address
adaptation in a coordinated and
coherent manner
Adaptation Committee
National adaptation plans
Work programme on loss and
damage
COP 19: NAP Process
•Emphasis on undertaking the
national adaptation plan process
•Encourages sector specific
technical guidelines
•Establishment of the Global
Support Programme
COP 19: NAP Process
•Emphasis on undertaking the
national adaptation plan process
•Encourages sector specific
technical guidelines
•Establishment of the Global
Support Programme
2013 2014
SBSTA 38: Highlights of agriculture
systems
•Development of early warning
systems and contingency plans
•Assessment of risk and vulnerability
of agriculture systems
•Identification of adaptation measure
in diverse agriculture systems
SBSTA 38: Highlights of agriculture
systems
•Development of early warning
systems and contingency plans
•Assessment of risk and vulnerability
of agriculture systems
•Identification of adaptation measure
in diverse agriculture systems
Adaptation
in 2015?
Adaptation
in 2015?
2015
The NAP Process Builds on NAPA
Elements NAPA NAP
Objective Immediate and urgent
adaptation needs,
identify priority projects
A process to address
mid/long-term adaptation
needs
UNFCCC Process
Decision
Marrakesh Accord – COP
7 (2001)
Cancun Adaptation
Framework – COP 16 (2010)
Target Countries LDC LDC plus other interested
developing countries
Funding Support Primarily – LDCF for
preparation and
implementation
Preparation – LDCF
Implementation – GEF,
LDCF/SCCF, Bilateral, Domestic
,etc.
Integrating Climate Change into
Planning and Budgeting
Readiness is more than the ability to implement projects;
readiness implies ability to scale-up for transformational change
NATIONAL
PLANNING
PROCESS
NATIONAL
BUDGETING
PROCESS
Nationa
l Budget
Annual
Implementation
& Monitoring
Mid Term Review
of National
Plan/Sectoral Plan
& Adjustments
Final
Evaluation
CCA FundsI
FAO Country Support - Adaptation
Ad

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Integrating agriculture in National Adaptation Plans

  • 1. Julia Wolf | Alessandro Spairani | Claudia Garcia Climate Change Study Circle 28 September 2015
  • 2. Presentation Outline 1. Background: Overall National Adaptation Plan Process 2. FAO’s current ongoing work to support NAPs 3. FAO/UNDP Global Programme: Objective and outline Support for country-level activities 4. Opportunities for collaboration
  • 3. Adaptation under the Convention From fragmentation to coordination and integration of adaptationFrom fragmentation to coordination and integration of adaptation 2001 2005 COP 11: Establishment of Nairobi Work Programme (NWP) COP 11: Establishment of Nairobi Work Programme (NWP) 2007 2010 COP 7: Packages of decisions for LDC´s: •Addressing urgent and immediate adaptation needs through NAPAs •Establishment of the LDC work programme, including the NAPAs • Establishment of the LEG •Establishment of the LDCF COP 7: Packages of decisions for LDC´s: •Addressing urgent and immediate adaptation needs through NAPAs •Establishment of the LDC work programme, including the NAPAs • Establishment of the LEG •Establishment of the LDCF COP 13 Bali Action Plan: •Long-term and cooperative action by Parties initiated COP 13 Bali Action Plan: •Long-term and cooperative action by Parties initiated COP 16 Cancun Adaptation Framework •New institutional structures and processes established to address adaptation in a coordinated and coherent manner Adaptation Committee National adaptation plans Work programme on loss and damage COP 16 Cancun Adaptation Framework •New institutional structures and processes established to address adaptation in a coordinated and coherent manner Adaptation Committee National adaptation plans Work programme on loss and damage COP 19: NAP Process •Emphasis on undertaking the national adaptation plan process •Encourages sector specific technical guidelines •Establishment of the Global Support Programme COP 19: NAP Process •Emphasis on undertaking the national adaptation plan process •Encourages sector specific technical guidelines •Establishment of the Global Support Programme 2013 2014 SBSTA 38: Highlights of agriculture systems •Development of early warning systems and contingency plans •Assessment of risk and vulnerability of agriculture systems •Identification of adaptation measure in diverse agriculture systems SBSTA 38: Highlights of agriculture systems •Development of early warning systems and contingency plans •Assessment of risk and vulnerability of agriculture systems •Identification of adaptation measure in diverse agriculture systems Adaptation in 2015? Adaptation in 2015? 2015
  • 4. The NAP Process Builds on NAPA Elements NAPA NAP Objective Immediate and urgent adaptation needs, identify priority projects A process to address mid/long-term adaptation needs UNFCCC Process Decision Marrakesh Accord – COP 7 (2001) Cancun Adaptation Framework – COP 16 (2010) Target Countries LDC LDC plus other interested developing countries Funding Support Primarily – LDCF for preparation and implementation Preparation – LDCF Implementation – GEF, LDCF/SCCF, Bilateral, Domestic ,etc.
  • 5. Integrating Climate Change into Planning and Budgeting Readiness is more than the ability to implement projects; readiness implies ability to scale-up for transformational change NATIONAL PLANNING PROCESS NATIONAL BUDGETING PROCESS Nationa l Budget Annual Implementation & Monitoring Mid Term Review of National Plan/Sectoral Plan & Adjustments Final Evaluation CCA FundsI
  • 6. FAO Country Support - Adaptation
  • 7. The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) assists countries to bring greater focus and attention to medium and long-term climate change adaptation planning as well as budgeting. It is a UNDP-UNEP programme, financed by the LDCF. FAO as member in the NAP-GSP Launched: 14 June 2013 with financing from the Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF). Partner agencies: UNDP, UNEP, WHO, FAO, IFAD, UNITAR, GEF, UNFCCC, GWP, GIZ , PROVIA, and UNISDR
  • 8. MAW-CSA FMM • Support Ministry of Ag to become part of the National Adaptation Plan Core Team/ sub-sector FP • Participate in the launched NAP Process nationally • Support training of sector representatives (in LEG training workshop) • FAO national consultant • to establish baseline and milestones in support to ag sector representatives • National outreach and stakeholder consultation • Building sector ownership with ag sector institutions • In-house agriculture ministry consultation • Align ag. sector milestones to national NAP process • Provide regular (monthly) feed- back to the overall NAPs Core Team
  • 9. Integrating Agriculture in NAPs Duration 4 years (2015 to 2018) Global Programme Budget US$12 million Total budget per country US$700,000
  • 10. Global Programme Overview To integrate climate change risks and opportunities as they relate to agriculture sector-related livelihood options within existing national planning and budgeting processes Programme Objective Outcome 2: Integrated roadmaps for NAPs developed Outcome 4: Advocacy and knowledge-sharing on NAPs promoted Outcome 3: Evidence-based results for NAPs improved Programme Outcomes Outcome 1: Technical capacity and institutions on NAPs strengthened
  • 11. - Preparatory phase - Example from Thailand 1 Joint UNDP-FAO meeting with OAE/MOAC 2 Programme focal point within OAE identified 3 Working group meeting with OAE focal point, to form national technical steering committee and discuss drafting of work plan and stakeholder consultation 4 National NAP Coordinator to begin work 5 National coordination meeting/Stakeholder consultation to draft workplan 6 First meeting of the technical steering committee to finalize workplan and multi-year budget 7 Workplan finalized and begin implementation
  • 12. Nepal: supporting national priorities for adaptation in the agriculture sectors • Support Ministries of Agriculture, Environment and Planning, Finance and Budget to mainstream and operationalize climate change adaptation in the agriculture sectors • Strengthen planning and budgeting to integrate climate change adaptation activities. • Learning by doing through ongoing CCA demonstration projects and case studies that can improve adaptive capacity of farmers • Capacity building throughout each component to improve strengthen evidence-base for policy and decision-making 10
  • 13. Priorities in country workplans • Strengthen capacities to link climate policy and public finance • Mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into agriculture sector plans, policies, budgets (both national and provincial) • Improve impact monitoring frameworks • Understand climate benefits of adaptation options and their planning/budgeting implications • Improve evidence base for adaptation plans for the agricultural sector • Improve evidence base for agricultural sector inputs into National Climate Change strategy/policy
  • 14. 14 Stock-taking Skills assessment Policy analysis Capacity development Impact monitoring Stock-taking Skills assessment Policy analysis Capacity development Impact monitoring Additional support: global technical specialists Agricultural economics Climate science Climate downscaling and modelling Economics of adaptation Cost-benefit analysis Impact monitoring National adaptation planning Planning and budgeting Communications & knowledge management Agricultural economics Climate science Climate downscaling and modelling Economics of adaptation Cost-benefit analysis Impact monitoring National adaptation planning Planning and budgeting Communications & knowledge management
  • 15. Milestones and Next Steps Country inception: Countries to finalize workplans; Sign project agreements; Identify national project coordinator; Implementation/capacity development. Programme steering committee meeting: ADP, October 2015 COP 21: Joint FAOUNDP Side Event
  • 16. Knowledge Management/Outreach • Online newsletter for reporting project milestones to be disseminated twice a year or more frequently • Documentation of country case studies and lesson learned • FAO/UNDP will be supporting national communication colleagues to support on advocacy and outreach
  • 17. Knowledge Management/Outreach FAO Programme Website to be developed, linking to other divisions activities to support the development of NAPs Workspace platform for sharing and collaborating for NAPs Country Support -Country folders -NAPs Tracking Sheet with FAO projects -Events and presentations -Background literature Knowledge exchange through the FAO Technical Network on Climate Change
  • 18. Opportunities for collaboration Support from cross-cutting sectors in agriculture, including technical officers from fisheries and aquaculture, livestock and forestry in regional, sub-regional and country offices. 10
  • 19. CCSC Discussion • Feedback on overall approach • Link, overlapping, duplication to other ongoing work inside and outside FAO • Input we can get and/or provide to other linked projects and initiatives • Other aspects the project needs to consider • Country-specific expertise
  • 20. Thank you! UNDP - Rohini Kohli rohini.kohli@undp.org FAO - Julia Wolf julia.wolf@fao.org

Editor's Notes

  1. The Integrating Agriculture in NAPs Programme will support partner countries to identify and integrate climate adaptation measures for the agricultural sector into relevant national planning and budgeting processes. It will be a multi-year initiative funded by the German Government that responds to country driven needs. This integration will help to enhance: - institutional capacities and processes for operationalizing climate response strategies in the sector. - access to international climate finance sources such as GEF and Green Climate Fund. - more strategic allocations of national budgets earmarked for adaptation investments.
  2. SHARP Tool: The Self-evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers and Pastoralists (SHARP) tool addresses the need to better understand and incorporate the situations, concerns and interests of family farmers and pastoralists relating to climate resilience.
  3. - countries will need to upload and share their process, their eventual documents and best lesson through the NAP Central portal. - countries mostly are starting their NAP process through the different sectors to provide the necessary VA, adaptation screening for their sectors to fit in within the national development planning process. - lots of interest for the NAP GSP and support mechanisms, in particular on capacity building for cost-benefit analysis as well as FAO's MOSAIC/AMICAF approach.
  4. Capacity development – country’s experts will carry out assessments with their own data, using MOASICC (Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change) In process: Identification of technical partners in the countries Data collection Stock-taking of existing data, information, and similar studies Server procurement and set-up Technical workshops in May Training workshops (IT, climate downscaling) in June/July
  5. Examples of country workplans