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AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
AGENDA ITEM 3.5:
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, FOOD LOSSES & WASTE INDICATORS
...
The speakers
Jean-Marc Faurès Arbab Asfandiyar Khan
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
SDG GOAL, TARGET & INDICATOR
SDG Goal 2:
Zero Hunger
Target 2.4:
By 2030,...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
INDICATOR FORMULA
Formula: Proportion of agricultural area under producti...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT STEPS*
1. Choosing the scale for sustainability a...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES
Key principles applied in developing the indica...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
MEASUREMENT SCOPE
• Development of indicator at farm level
• Focused on c...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
INDICATOR COMPOSITION
Dimensions No. Themes Sub-indicators Proposed susta...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
One Out All Out Approach (OOAO):
When all 9 themes are assessed as
sustai...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
DATA SOURCES
• Farm survey
• Supplemented by monitoring systems, remote s...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
REPORTING THE INDICATOR
Frequency: every 3 years
Disaggregation:
• Sub-na...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
INDICATOR LIMITATIONS
• The indicator covers only selected key aspects re...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES
• Collection and compilation of the required da...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
Empirical RESULTS
Desktop testing is ongoing in 5 countries:
• Bangladesh...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
INDICATOR POLICY USE AND INTERPRETATION
Policy use:
Aggregate indicator a...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
FAO – CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT/TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE*
• Country desktop testin...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
QUESTIONS FOR THE PANEL
What do you perceive to be the most important cha...
AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:
JEANMARC.FAURES@FAO.ORG
ARBAB.KHAN@...
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Indicator 2.4.1 – Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture.

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Indicator 2.4.1 – Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture.

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Indicator 2.4.1 – Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture.

  1. 1. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 AGENDA ITEM 3.5: SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE, FOOD LOSSES & WASTE INDICATORS Indicator 2.4.1 – Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture African Commission on Agriculture Statistics / Commission africaine des statistiques agricoles, Entebbe, Uganda, 13 - 17 Nov 2017 Jean-Marc Faurès, FAO Strategic Programme on sustainable agriculture, FAO Arbab Asfandiyar Khan, Global Strategy to improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics, FAO
  2. 2. The speakers Jean-Marc Faurès Arbab Asfandiyar Khan
  3. 3. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 SDG GOAL, TARGET & INDICATOR SDG Goal 2: Zero Hunger Target 2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality Indicator 2.4.1: Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture Status: Tier 3 – Submitted to IAEG-SDG for upgrading to Tier 2
  4. 4. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 INDICATOR FORMULA Formula: Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture: = 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑢𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑟 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑠𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑎𝑔𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝐴𝑔𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 Where: Agricultural area = arable land + Permanent crops + permanent meadows and pastures • The denominator agricultural area is a well-known and established indicator that is collected by statistical bodies in countries and compiled internationally via a questionnaire by FAO. These data are available in FAO’s database FAOSTAT • The numerator captures the three dimensions of sustainable production: economic, social and environmental • Agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture will be the agricultural area of those farms that satisfy the sustainability criteria of the sub-indicators across all three dimensions
  5. 5. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT STEPS* 1. Choosing the scale for sustainability assessment 2. Determining the scope of activities 3. Determining coverage of dimensions 4. Selecting the themes within each dimension 5. Choosing sub-indicator/s for each theme 6. Establishing sustainability criteria for each sub-indicator 7. Assessing sustainability performance at farm level by sub-indicator 8. Deriving aggregate measures of sustainability 9. Report aggregate indicator 2.4.1 and sub-indicators by themes using a dashboard * Indicator methodology developed in collaboration with Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics (GSARS)
  6. 6. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES Key principles applied in developing the indicator: • Policy relevance and “action-ability” • Universality • Comparability • Measurability and cost effectiveness Impacts upon: • Choice of sub-indicators for different dimensions • Choice of sustainability criteria for each sub-indicator • Level of sophistication in data collection Indicator focus: • As opposed to practices the indicator measure outcomes: More objective, record state or change of state
  7. 7. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 MEASUREMENT SCOPE • Development of indicator at farm level • Focused on crop and livestock production • Forestry, fisheries and aquaculture are excluded • Backyard production and hobby farms are excluded • Food harvested from the wild is excluded • Agro-forestry systems and rice-fish system are included • Non-food crops and livestock outputs are included (including crops for energy)
  8. 8. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 INDICATOR COMPOSITION Dimensions No. Themes Sub-indicators Proposed sustainability criteria Economic 1 Land productivity Farm output value per farm agricultural area Above one third of the 90th percentile 2 Farm profitability Net farm income Zero and above 3 Financial resilience Access to financial services Access to at least one of the financial services Environmental 4 Soil health Soil health At least half of farm not affected by soil degradation 5 Water health Water use No trend detected in groundwater level Water quality Nitrogen concentration in rivers and aquifers below 50 mg/l 6 Biodiversity Agricultural heterogeneity Shannon Evenness Index above 0.3, Average patch size lower than 2 ha and Edge density below 0.01 Social 7 Decent work Wage rate in agriculture Equal to or above the international poverty line 8 Well-being Agricultural household income Equal to or above the international poverty line 9 Access to land Secure rights to land tenure Positive response to at least one of the secure rights conditions
  9. 9. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 One Out All Out Approach (OOAO): When all 9 themes are assessed as sustainable relative to its criteria Where: AAi = Agricultural area of farm i Si = Assessment of farm i Si = 0 when at least one sub-indicator is considered not sustainable Si = 1 when all sub-indicators are considered sustainable or not applicable Dimension Based Approach (DBA): When 2 of the 3 themes are assessed as sustainable for each dimension Where: AAi = Agricultural area of farm i 𝑆𝑖 ′ = Assessment of farm i 𝑆𝑖 ′ = 0 when at least two themes in at least one dimension are considered not sustainable 𝑆𝑖 ′ = 1 when 2 out 3 themes in each dimension are considered sustainable or not applicable COMPILATION OF AGGREGATE INDICATOR Aggregate indicator is formed by summing the agricultural area of the sampled farms considered sustainable in relation to total agricultural area of the country 𝑆𝐷𝐺 2.4.1 𝑂𝑂𝐴𝑂 = 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝐴𝐴𝑖 ∗ 𝑆𝑖 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝐴𝐴𝑖 𝑆𝐷𝐺 2.4.1 𝐷𝐵𝐴 = 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝐴𝐴𝑖 ∗ 𝑆𝑖 ′ 𝑖=1 𝑛 𝐴𝐴𝑖
  10. 10. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 DATA SOURCES • Farm survey • Supplemented by monitoring systems, remote sensing and thematic maps for attributing results to the farm • Price survey and administrative sources
  11. 11. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 REPORTING THE INDICATOR Frequency: every 3 years Disaggregation: • Sub-national level • Type of activity • Size of farm Reporting of sustainable agricultural area at: • General level: aggregate indicator • Dimension level: – Economically sustainable – Socially sustainable – Environmentally sustainable • Theme/sub-indicator level according to: – Land productivity – Farm profitability – Financial resilience – Soil health – Water health o Water use o Water quality – Biodiversity – Decent work – Well-being – Access to land
  12. 12. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 INDICATOR LIMITATIONS • The indicator covers only selected key aspects related to sustainable agriculture at farm level • Not covered for farm: • Labour productivity • Pollution from pesticides • Energy use • GHG emissions • Burning • Gender equality • Occupational health and safety • Food waste • Not covered beyond farm: • Diversification of the national agriculture as a whole • Food security • Land concentration • Land-use changes • Quality of the agricultural outputs • Nutrition • Transportation, storage, processing, distribution and marketing • Sustainability of supply chain • Foreign trade
  13. 13. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES • Collection and compilation of the required data: • Implementation of farm survey • Incorporation of additional questions in a farm survey (where it exists) • Adaptation of the farm survey sample size and design (if necessary) • Capturing the reference coordinates of the sampled farms • Implementing/strengthening the water quality monitoring system • Producing/updating/improving environmental thematic maps • Integration of different data sources • Country capacity building • Resources i.e. infrastructure, staff, budget, etc. • Institutional coordination
  14. 14. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 Empirical RESULTS Desktop testing is ongoing in 5 countries: • Bangladesh • Ecuador • Kyrgyz Republic • Rwanda • Switzerland (TBC*) The tests aim to assess: • Availability and quality of data • Feasibility of building the sub-indicators • Correlation among the sub-indicators • Sensitivity of the results to threshold values • Compilation of the aggregate 2.4.1 indicator according to alternative approaches * TBC=To be confirmed
  15. 15. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 INDICATOR POLICY USE AND INTERPRETATION Policy use: Aggregate indicator and associated dashboard is a way forward to: • Create an international standard and method • Provide a structured and transparent framework to measure sustainable agriculture • Encourage discussion of sustainability and link to policy action • Allow focus and drive policy towards key agricultural sustainability issues • Measure the progress towards sustainable outcomes • Focus on interventions on various levels Interpretation: • Easy to interpret in terms of the extent to which country agriculture is far from being productive and sustainable • Easy to identify and prioritize the areas that require intervention
  16. 16. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 FAO – CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT/TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE* • Country desktop testing (October to December 2017) • Global Consultation (November 2017) • Training workshop (December 2017) • Development of toolkit (1st half of 2018) • Development of questionnaire and instruction manual • Field tests of data collection instrument • Development of data processing procedures • Preparation of guidelines (2018) • Development of training material including e-learning (2018) * Will be conducted in collaboration with Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics (GSARS)
  17. 17. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 QUESTIONS FOR THE PANEL What do you perceive to be the most important challenges for the implementation of this/these indicator/s? Which kind of support you think that FAO can provide to overcome these challenges? * Will be conducted in collaboration with Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics (GSARS)
  18. 18. AFCAS25,2017-Entebbe, Uganda 13-17 November 2017 FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT: JEANMARC.FAURES@FAO.ORG ARBAB.KHAN@FAO.ORG 20

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