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GSP developments of regional interest

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Fifth Asian Soil Partnership workshop
26 February - 1 March 2019, New Delhi, India
Lucrezia Caon, GSP Secretariat

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GSP developments of regional interest

  1. 1. GSP developments of regional interest in 2019 Ms Lucrezia Caon GSP Secretariat
  2. 2. Promote sustainable management of soil resources for soil protection, conservation and sustainable productivity Pillar 1
  3. 3. Action 1: Implementation at the national level. Proposed approach: organization of national multi-stakeholder workshops Suggestions on other implementing ways are welcome Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management
  4. 4. What was done to implement the VGSSM in Costa Rica ? 1. Organization of a national workshop: a) To raise the awareness of all interested stakeholders on the importance of practicing SSM b) To set the priorities on the 6 main crops in the country; establishment of a working group for each of the selected crops. Each working group was composed of 10-12 people from all sectors – policy, industry, scientists, farmers, etc.. They worked on i. Identification of the top 10 soil threats for each crop ii. The surface area affected by each threat and its impacts on the yield were scored from 1 to 3 iii. Identification of the causes of the top 3 soil threats per each crop iv. VGSSM + local practices = find country specific solutions v. Online survey asking how each of the participant could contribute to implementing the newly found solutions 2. Use the results of the workshop for decision making at the national level and call for coordinated actions between policy, communication and research Final goal: Develop sectoral plans, strategies and policies in line with the VGSSM
  5. 5. What was done to implement the VGSSM in Thailand? 1. Organization of a multi-stakeholder national workshop to: • Identify barriers, challenges, and opportunities for the promotion of SSM in the country; • Identify core topics of attention in the promotion of SSM at the country level: - Soil fertility (nutrient management) - Salinity - Soil management in highlands - The King’s Theory • Identify priority areas of intervention as well as actions and stakeholder groups to involve. 2. Use the results of the workshop for project proposal writing and the inclusion of the identified activities in the national action plan
  6. 6. Procedure: 1. Identify case studies at regional and national levels where SSM is successfully implemented. Reference document: “Protocol for the assessment of Sustainable Soil Management”, to be presented at the 7th GSP Plenary Assembly in June 2019 2. Map successful projects. Mapping sustainable soil management Develop integrated regional maps of successful SSM case studies in order to scale them up. Action 1: Submit successful case studies on the implementation of SSM practices. Ms. Zineb Bazza, GSP, will soon send an email about it.
  7. 7. International Network of Black Soils The establishment of this network has the following objectives: - Provide a platform for countries with black soils to discuss common issues related to the conservation and sustainable management of these soils; - Develop a report on the global status, current production and challenges in black soils; - Foster collaboration among these countries towards promoting the sustainable use and management of black soils and identify relevant research gaps; - Serve as a platform incorporating real local challenges for knowledge sharing and technical cooperation on black soil management; - Develop governance guidelines aiming at improved black soils protection and sustainable soil productivity;
  8. 8. International Network of Black Soils
  9. 9. Black Soils are soils with the following characteristics: ● High organic carbon content as per the follow: ○ More than 1.2% for cold and temperate ○ More than 0.6% for tropical and subtropical regions ● Dark to black coloured surface horizons ● Thickness of dark to black soil surface horizons not less than 25 cm with the following complementary characteristics: ● A high base saturation of more than 50% ● Strong aggregate stability ● High level of nutrient content International Network of Black Soils It contains the definition of “Black Soils”… …as well as the INBS work plan!
  10. 10. International Network of Black Soils Action 1: Please join the network if you have black soils and did not register yet ASP countries that have joined the network already: • Mongolia • Rep. of China • Rep. of Indonesia
  11. 11. International Network of Black Soils Action 2: Get ready to implement INBS 2019 activities: - Training sessions on mapping. Outcome: Black Soil Distribution map, to be launched in October 2019 at the 2nd INBS workshop. - 2nd INBS workshop: discussion on how to write the report on the Status of Black Soils. Expected launch of the report: December 2019. All countries with black soils to contribute to the preparation of the report
  12. 12. Pillar 2 Encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education, awareness and extension in soil
  13. 13. Global Soil Doctors programme • Farmer-to-farmer training (from soil status assessment to problem identification and solving) • On a voluntary basis • Inspired by the Volunteer Soil Doctors programme from Thailand Potential: to create a self-sufficient system that will promote the practice of sustainable soil management independently from the availability of national subsidies and/or financial resources.
  14. 14. Action 1: Assist finalizing the programme through CESRA 1. Development of regionally specific educational material 2. Development of the Soil Testing Kit (taking into consideration soil specificities) Action 2: Assist the implementation of the programme through CESRA 1. Train Soil Doctors’ trainers 2. Train countries in developing their own reagents for the STK 3. Provide overall support as needed
  15. 15. SOILex: contribution of Soil Legislation information to country profiles Purposes: • Review the national soil legislation of each United Nations state members; • Consolidate the information about soil management policies collected; • Elaborate a conceptual model of legal and thematic elements for soil management and conservation; • Publicize the profile information at the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) website; • Address policymakers to adopt measures to preserve and enhance soil conditions. Action 1: Review the database and update it as needed. First draft of it to be circulated by the end of March 2019 Action 2: Spread the voice on the existence of the platform. Use the platform to promote the endorsement/review of soil related national policies
  16. 16. Pillar 3 Promote targeted soil research and development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies with related productive, environmental and social development actions
  17. 17. Establishment of a Global Soil Research Platform It will allow all significant R&D projects and initiatives to be identified and foster future cooperation once information is shared and easily accessible. This activity should give impetus to the development of cooperation and stimulate the financing of applied soil research.
  18. 18. Establishment of a Global Soil Research Platform Action 1: Assist the GSP Secretariat developing the platform (possible link to CESRA). The database should be easy for contributors to fill in and upload all relevant information via an online form. Action 2: Start compiling data to feed the platform.
  19. 19. Soil Pollution
  20. 20. Assessment of the global status and regional trends of soil pollution Conduction of a detailed study of soil pollution worldwide by collecting basic information such as policies to prevent, control and remedy soil pollution; the number and extent of polluted sites; and, the identification and location of potentially polluting activities. Objective: This approach will help to better understand the problem of soil pollution on a global scale and identify the main knowledge and legal gaps.
  21. 21. 1. Collection of national inputs Assessment of the global status and regional trends of soil pollution - PROCEDURE - 2. Organization of regional workshops to discuss questionnaire results and which actions should be taken at the national and regional level. September – October 2019 3. Writing of a report on the global status and regional trends of soil pollution. Draft ready by the beginning of 2020. Report be presented at UNEA5 in March 2021
  22. 22. Action 1: Complete the online questionnaire. The questionnaire will be sent by Ms. Natalia Rodriguez, GSP soon. Deadline for completion of this assignment: May 2019 Action 2: Participate in the regional workshops and discussions.
  23. 23. Pillar 4 Information and Data
  24. 24. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems
  25. 25. Yes 61% No 17% NA 22% Countries participating in the survey Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam Afghanistan, Brunei, Maldives, Singapore, Timor-Leste
  26. 26. 50% 43% 7% Soil Information System Yes No In process of establishing 9 4 4 4 Lack of skilled staff Insufficient equipment supply Lack of national conceptual model and standard Lack of communication between organizations Main constraints for developing/maintaining a Soil Information System (SIS)
  27. 27. Yes 64% No 36% Is all the data georefrenced?79% 14% 7% Digital databases of soil properties Yes No In process of establishing Yes 36% No 50% Partially 14% Is the data publicly accessible?
  28. 28. 7% 8% 79% 6% Age of data before 1960 1960-1990 1990-2010 after 2010 79% 14% 7% Digital databases of soil properties Yes No In process of establishing Yes 71% No 29% Was the database recently updated?
  29. 29. 498 125 Soil Salinity Soil Pollution Number of profiles on soil salinity and pollution Yes 64% No 36% Countries with profiles on Soil salinity Yes 29% No 71% Countries with profiles on Soil pollution
  30. 30. Yes 57%No 43% Is a quality control performed? 12 7 5 3 Lack of skilled staff Insufficient equipment supply Lack of national conceptual model and standard Lack of communication between organizations Main constraints for developing/maintaining a digital databases of soil properties
  31. 31. 29% 57% 14% Soil Monitoring System Yes No In process of establishing 4 4 2 2 Lack of skilled staff Insufficient equipment supply Lack of national conceptual model and standard Lack of communication between organizations Main constraints for developing/maintaining a Soil Monitoring System
  32. 32. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1. Have a good idea of what is available at the national level. Fragmentation of data should be overcome! Country submission 1 Country submission 2 Publicly accessible Yes No Data from before 1960 0 2930 1960-1990 40000 8178 1990-2010 46000 57 Data on Soil Salinity Yes No Quality control Yes No Table 1 Table highlighting contrasting answers submitted by the same country
  33. 33. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1. Have a good idea of what is available at the national level. Fragmentation of data should be overcome! - STEP 1: National Focal Points to compile a list of institutions dealing with soil data. Please specify which institutions you are in contact already and which ones you are not. - STEP 2: Ask the institutions identified in STEP 1 to answer the “Country Soil Information Survey” - STEP 3: make a country specific analysis. o What are the barriers, limitations, gaps, etc. to data exchange? o Study how to bring those data together and ultimately get these institutions to work together? 2. Harmonize national databases (link to GLOSOLAN and SEALNET) 3. Produce maps, websites, etc. Only at this stage we can talk about NSIS
  34. 34. National databases to be hosted by each country. The GSP Secretariat will provide them with rules, procedures, tools, etc. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1.Ad hoc implementation - This is likely to be the case with institutions that already have a SIS in place and wish to join GloSIS. In this case, the data provider must thoroughly implement the GloSIS data exchange in its data services, to guarantee full interoperability with the GloSIS federation. Note however, that this would not require an adaptation of the original regional or national soil spatial data infrastructure (SDI). The structure and functioning of these SDIs should not be affected. Participation levels:
  35. 35. National databases to be hosted by each country. The GSP Secretariat will provide them with rules, procedures, tools, etc. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1.Ad hoc implementation 2.Reference implementation - data providers build their soil information system based on the reference implementation of a GloSIS node, which is an off-the-shelf, deployable bundle of technologies that perform the functions of a node, plus data management. It can run on a single local server or in cloud environments; the data provider decides on hosting of the node. Data providers opting for this option shall primarily be concerned with the compliance of their data and its load into the node database. The data provider can decide on the way of hosting. Participation levels:
  36. 36. National databases to be hosted by each country. The GSP Secretariat will provide them with rules, procedures, tools, etc. Establishment of National Soil Information Systems (NSIS) - PROCEDURE - 1.Ad hoc implementation 2.Reference implementation 3.Support implementation - for data providers lacking the resources or knowledge to set up and maintain a reference node. In this case their data are stored and published by the support node, thus automatically complying with the GloSIS domain model and the data exchange. Storing soil data in the support node could also be a temporary solution for data providers that wish to establish a GloSIS-compliant soil information system themselves: in the development phase the data provider could store its data in the support node and then migrate these back to the country or institutional node, once operational. Participation levels:
  37. 37. Mapping 1. Update of the GSOC map to be published in December 2019 Action 1: keep on working on the update of your national SOC maps. National updated maps should be sent to Mr. Yusuf Yigini (Yusuf.yigini@fao.org )
  38. 38. Mapping 2. Development of new global soil maps. Approach: same as for the GSOC map. Trainings to start in May 2019. Be ready to implement on a short notice. Action 2: Start identifying your national experts to attend the trainings and develop the different maps Type of map Material To be launched in Erosion Technical spec. ready by the end of March Concept Note under development December 2019 Salinity Concept Note ready Technical spec. under development December 2019 OC sequestration potential Technical spec. and Concept Note ready December 2019 Black Soils distribution Concept Note and strategy document for mapping ready October 2019
  39. 39. For information A portal (SoilSTAT) aimed at supporting countries in monitoring and reporting is under development. This will deal with indicators and will link to the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS). Procedure: 1. The 7th GSP Plenary Assembly will be asked to endorse the Concept Note on SoilSTAT. 1. The GSP Secretariat will establish a country reporting procedure. The first indicators countries will be asked to work on (2019-2020) are those on soil erosion by water and wind, soil organic matter decline and soil salinization. Link to ongoing mapping activities
  40. 40. Pillar 5 Harmonization of methods, measurements and indicator for the sustainable management and protection of soil resources
  41. 41. P5GIP: Work areas Products Actions 2019 Soil profiles Handbook/Webtool Soil classification Web tool/soil portal Soil mapping Reference Mapping System Soil analysis Web information system, ring tests, manual Data exchange Exchange model/tools Contractor: SoilML exchange standard Countries to test Indicators and Evaluation WIKI, guidelines Pillar 5 Global-level activities
  42. 42. Which are the region-specific activities regarding Pillar 5 areas of harmonization? Which soil indicators are important in the region? An active regional Pillar 5 Working Group is needed to support soil information system building and exchange of harmonized data.
  43. 43. 44 June 2017 5th GSP Plenary Assembly November 2017 1st GLOSOLAN meeting Establishment of GLOSOLAN to strengthen the performance of laboratories towards the development of standards and to harmonize soil analysis procedures in order to make soil information across laboratories, countries and regions comparable and interpretable.
  44. 44. First Meeting of the 45 GLOSOLAN’s potential is tremendous o To support decision making at field and policy levels; o To support countries in reporting on the Sustainable Development Goals and on other international commitments; o To contribute to the development of international standards and indicators; o To contribute to the establishment of the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS); o To contribute to the development of harmonized methods for the assessment and monitoring of degraded lands and/or lands affected by climate change and other threats, as identified in the Status of the World Soil Resources report; o To improve the connection between soil chemistry, physics and biology; o To contribute to and improve soil classification and description (in this regard, GLOSOLAN should work closer to the other components of Pillar 5); o To assist companies manufacturing laboratory equipment in improving their products (and so also potentially open the path for new investments in the network); o To expand the opportunities for technical and scientific cooperation; o To strengthen the capability of extension services; o To identify research needs; and o To increase investments in research.
  45. 45. What is the role of these National Reference Laboratories? To promote harmonization at the national level. How? How does GLOSOLAN work? Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) Regional Soil Laboratory Networks (RESOLANs) National Reference Laboratories, which were appointed by the national focal point of each GSP member country
  46. 46. • Transfer information on GLOSOLAN to other labs in their country • Transfer the knowledge acquired through GLOSOLAN activities to other labs in their country How does GLOSOLAN work? Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) Regional Soil Laboratory Networks (RESOLANs) National Reference Laboratories, which were appointed by the national focal point of each GSP member country
  47. 47. How does GLOSOLAN work? Global Soil Laboratory Network (GLOSOLAN) Regional Soil Laboratory Networks (RESOLANs) National Reference Laboratories, which were appointed by the national focal point of each GSP member country Promote the establishment of National Soil Laboratory Networks
  48. 48. Besides National Reference Laboratories, there are other laboratories that spontaneously registered in GLOSOLAN. These laboratories should be involved in the work of GLOSOLAN through the National Soil Laboratory Networks
  49. 49. 50 June 2017 5th GSP Plenary Assembly November 2017 1st GLOSOLAN meeting Establishment of GLOSOLAN November 2017 1st SEALNET meeting Establishment of the Regional Soil Laboratory Network for Asia (SEALNET) Bogor, Indonesia
  50. 50. 51 November 2017 1st SEALNET meeting Bogor, Indonesia November 2018 2nd SEALNET meeting Bhopal, India - Development of Standard Operating Procedures for pH in water, Organic Carbon by Walkley-Black, available phosphorous and exchangeable potassium - Regional proficiency testing
  51. 51. 52 Proficiency testing results by SEALNET: soil pH
  52. 52. 53 Proficiency testing results by SEALNET: soil pH
  53. 53. 54 Proficiency testing results by SEALNET
  54. 54. Action 1: spread the voice on SEALNET and support your national reference laboratories in establishing your National Soil Laboratory Networks Action 2: send more representatives at the SEALNET and GLOSOLAN meetings. The GSP can financially support only 1 person per country but the more representatives, the more voice a country has in decision making
  55. 55. To conclude A note on the International Code of Conduct for the Use and Management of Fertilizers • Code presented to the 6th GSP Plenary Assembly: accepted under the condition that it has to be reviewed • Revised version submitted to COAG on October 2018. Request for further review • Revised version submitted to the COAG Bureau meeting. Request for further review • Minor remarks from African countries to be received by 25 February 2019 • June 2019: Code to be submitted to the FAO Conference
  56. 56. Thanks for your attention

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