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Global Soil Information System (GloSIS) - Yusuf Yigini

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The 21st World Congress of Soil Science
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | 12 - 17 August 2018

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Global Soil Information System (GloSIS) - Yusuf Yigini

  1. 1. Global Soil Information System Yusuf Yigini – GSP Secretariat, Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN Global Soil Partnership, GSP Soil Data Facility (ISRIC), GSP Pillar 4 Working Group
  2. 2. GSP - Pillar 4 Pillar 4 of the GSP essentially addresses the development of an enduring and authoritative global system to monitor and forecast the condition of the Earth’s soil resources. PILLAR 1 PILLAR 2 PILLAR 3 PILLAR 5
  3. 3. Pillar 4 - Governance The International Network of Soil Information Institutions (INSII) forms the backbone of Pillar 4. The INSII network is supported by a technical working group of soil information experts (Pillar 4 Working Group).
  4. 4. Pillar 4 Working Group • Chair: Neil McKenzie , GSP Secretary: Ronald Vargas • Coordination: Yusuf Yigini (GSP), Pillar 5 Chair: Rainer Baritz • Soil Data Facility: Rik van den Bosch (ISRIC) Africa: Christian Omuto Asia: Toshiaki Ohkura Europe: Edoardo Costantini Eurasia: Laziza Gafurova Central America: Renato J. Zúñiga South America: Guillermo Federico Olmedo Near East and North Africa: Rachid Moussadek North America: Bert VandenBygaart South West Pacific: Mike Grundy
  5. 5. Pillar 4 Implementation Plan • Based on the endorsed Plan of Action. • Developed by P4WG/INSII • Provides the guidance to build the global soil information system (GloSIS).
  6. 6. Pillar 4 & GloSIS ➔One of the flagship initiatives of the Global Soil Partnership ➔Owned by the member countries ➔Federated architecture ➔Co-operative design, actively involving all stakeholders ➔Supports countries in developing their own soil data and information systems. ➔Develop and improve capacities at national level Global Soil Partnership and member countries building a Global Soil Information System (GloSIS) relying on national capacities and national soil information systems.
  7. 7. Data Products SoilSTAT Statistics component of the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) and the tool for monitoring global soil resources. The GSP and its partners will design SoilSTAT and the system will be used for monitoring, forecasting and reporting periodically on the status of global soil resources. The name of the system mirrors the FAOSTAT family. STATUS > concept note on the content and design.
  8. 8. Data Products GloSIS • Soil profile databases (Tiered Approach – T1 T2) • Global polygon coverage, to replace FAO/UNESCO Soil Map of the World (1:5M, 1971-1980) • Global Grids: • Harmonized World Soil Database, HWSD V2 • Fine-resolution grid of soil properties, V0 • Fine resolution grid of soil properties, V1
  9. 9. Data Products Soil Profile Databases – Tiered Approach Tier 1 SPDB - This is a large soil profile and analytical database for the world without the stringent requirement for a minimum parameter set or representativeness which often severely limits the number of available profiles. The objective of such a database is to provide access to as many digital profile data sets as possible.
  10. 10. Data Products Soil Profile Databases – Tiered Approach • Tier 2 SPDB - This is a “world reference-soil database” containing well- described and analysed soil profiles. • Technically, it can be a subset of Tier 1, but it can also be compiled of other soil profiles. However, the Tier 2 specifications will contain requirements on the content, quality and documentation of soil profile data. • Tier 2 includes harmonized and quality-assured morphological, physical and chemical data for soil profiles which are globally representative of geographic regions, major soil types. Status > Technical specifications (draft completed, July 2018, GSP – SDF)
  11. 11. Data Products Global Polygon Coverage and HWSD V2 •GPC - This product suits users requiring an overview of global soil geography. The polygon map consists of discrete map units with accompanying soil classification as well as soil properties at the map unit level. •HWSD2 - The current HWSD is v1.2 , the result of a collaboration between the FAO with IIASA, ISRIC-World Soil Information, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISSCAS), and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC). New regional soil data and information available for updating the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD). Status > under planning
  12. 12. Data Products Fine Resolution Soil Grids •V0 - The fine-resolution grid Version 0 represents raster data sets based on the up-scaling of validated, measured soil profiles in conjunction with a large number of covariate layers that have some relation to soil geography (e.g., DEM, terrain indices, vegetation indices, soil polygon maps) and soil forming factors using digital soil mapping techniques.
  13. 13. Data Products Fine Resolution Soil Grids V1 - The Version 0 grid, has the following differences from the envisioned final Version 1 product: • Not all the world is represented by national/regional contributions to the v0 grid. • The v0 grid is neither harmonized nor seamless. • Unless P4WG will advise differently, there is no standard list of properties nor of their methods of measurement; there is no standard depth resolution. • The Version 0 horizontal resolution (1km) is significantly coarse compared to Version 1 (3x3 Arc-second, roughly 90 m). Status > First V0 grid launched – Global Soil Organic Carbon GSOCmap
  14. 14. GSOCmap ➔1st ever country-driven soil organic carbon assessment at global scale ➔Launched on the World Soil Day 2017 ➔The process supported by the GSP Capacity Development Programme, technical documents, and communication materials. ➔Has brought State-of-the-art methods to member countries into everyday practice
  15. 15. GSOCmap Key Outcomes ➔ The process proved the feasibility of the distributed approach; ➔ Established trust and bond between member countries and the FAO GSP; ➔ The best available estimation of global SOC stocks; ➔ National and regional expert knowledge well embedded and applicable for reporting on national level; ➔ Unveiled also the current status of the national soil information; ➔ The map will help to shape policy and action towards climate change mitigation, sequestering more carbon and protecting carbon rich soils.
  16. 16. GSOCmap
  17. 17. 2nd GSP Symposium - Soil Information A Prerequisite for Sustainable Soil Management Friday 17 August 2018, from 10:30 to 12:30 The Windsor Convention & Expo Center
  18. 18. GloSIS Implementation ➔Coordinated by GSP Secretariat and GSP Soil Data Facility (SDF; ISRIC – World Soil Information), with contributions from Pillar 4 Working Group, Pillar 5, soil information experts. ➔Establishment of the federated (country-driven) Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) in accordance with the approved Pillar 4 Implementation Plan.
  19. 19. GloSIS Building Blocks GloSIS will be built with architectural and engineering building blocks. •The architectural are mostly abstract, setting out structures and formalising knowledge. •The engineering building blocks concern primarily the technologies that realise the structures set out in the architecture.
  20. 20. GloSIS Building Blocks • Domain Model - Abstract component that defines how data are organised. • Data Exchange - A realisation of the GloSIS domain model allowing different parties to send/receive soil data through a well-recognised medium. • GloSIS Node - A node connected to the internet able to publish soil data according to the GloSIS data exchange. • Support Node – SIS Node hosted and maintained by the GSP. Intended to harbour data from institutions that are not able to set up their own node. • Discovery hub - A web-based gateway to the GloSIS nodes, able to access the federation and offering data browsing and discovery functionalities. It brings all nodes together into a single point of access.
  21. 21. GloSIS - Federation ➔Federation of soil information systems (SIS), in which different nodes are able to communicate using common language/standards. ➔This federated approach will empower countries to develop their national soil information systems as reference centres for national soil information.
  22. 22. GloSIS – Participation Levels The GSP will support and encourage the participation of countries and other data providers in GloSIS through a ‘CountrySIS’ framework. CountrySIS Guidelines will define the technical specifications for such systems, as well as an implementation manual (cookbook), will be developed for this purpose.
  23. 23. GloSIS – Participation Levels The federative architecture will allow for data providers to choose between three different levels of adhesion to GloSIS: 1. Ad hoc implementation - a SIS, that based on diverse technologies, is able to publish data complying with the GloSIS data exchange. This is likely to be the case for the institutions that already have a SIS in place and wish to join GloSIS.
  24. 24. GloSIS – Participation Levels The federative architecture will allows for data providers to choose between three different levels of adhesion to GloSIS: 1. Ad hoc implementation - a SIS, that while based on diverse technologies, is able to publish data complying with the GloSIS data exchange. This is likely to be the case with institutions that already have a SIS in place and wish to join GloSIS. Figure: GSP SDF – ISRIC 2018
  25. 25. GloSIS – Participation Levels 2. Reference implementation - data providers build their soil information system based on the reference implementation of a GloSIS node, which is an off-the- shelf, deployable bundle of technologies that perform the functions of a node, plus data management.
  26. 26. GloSIS – Participation Levels 2. Reference implementation - data providers build their soil information system based on the reference implementation of a GloSIS node, which is an off-the- shelf, deployable bundle of technologies that perform the functions of a node, plus data management. Figure: GSP SDF – ISRIC 2018
  27. 27. GloSIS – Participation Levels 3. Support implementation - for data providers lacking the resources or knowledge to set up and maintain a reference node. In this case their data are stored and published by the support node, thus automatically complying with the GloSIS domain model and the data exchange.
  28. 28. GloSIS – Participation Levels 3. Support implementation - for data providers lacking the resources or knowledge to set up and maintain a reference node. In this case their data are stored and published by the support node, thus automatically complying with the GloSIS domain model and the data exchange. Figure: GSP SDF – ISRIC 2018
  29. 29. GSP Data policy The data flow will be governed by the endorsed GSP data policy. The GSP Data Policy has been developed by the Global Soil Partnership Secretariat in order to promote soil data sharing for data products The data policy is applicable to all members of the GSP and FAO and all user groups including end users, developers and contributors that share soil data through the Global Soil Information System and SoilSTAT.
  30. 30. • Review and finalize technical documents (Q4 2018). • Author CountrySIS Guidelines (Oct 2018 – Mar 2019). • Develop GloSIS node reference implementation (Jan – Apr 2019). • Develop beta-version of the Data Discovery Hub (Jan – Jun 2019). • GloSIS implementation pilot phase with selected countries (Apr – Dec 2019). • Develop CountrySIS Cookbook (Jul – Dec 2019). • Technical specifications of the fine-resolution grids, in collaboration with the IUSS WG GlobalSoilMap. Work plan Q4 2018 – 2019 (draft)
  31. 31. Progress • Developing technical documents (2018): • GloSIS vision document (draft completed, August 2018). • Technical specifications of the Tier 1 and Tier 2 soil profile databases (draft completed, July 2018). • Domain model specifications (Sep 2018). • Data exchange specifications (Sep 2018). • Data model specifications (Oct 2018). • CountrySIS: • survey on the status of soil information and soil information systems send to countries (Jun 2018). • Invite experts on (soil) information systems to guide the development of GloSIS and CountrySIS (Aug - Sep 2018).
  32. 32. • Strengthen national capacities on soil information • Improved visibility of a national SIS; enhance usability of (national) soil data. • Contribute to more consistent and accurate global soil data products to be used in SDG-related global assessments (informing national policy development). • Make national data compatible and exchangeable with other data sources: • to support (inter)national scientific research; • to address trans-boundary issues. • Supports private sector in countries to assess international soil resources, for instance for developing sustainable food chains. Strengths & Benefits
  33. 33. Challenge •Ambitious task to develop and implement GloSIS through a federated approach in 3 years time (2018-2020). •Lack of funding; cost estimate P4 implementation 8-9M USD. •Voluntary contributions; •Engagement of countries, data holders, individuals; •Data sharing: restricted data access.
  34. 34. 2nd GSP Symposium - Soil Information, A Prerequisite for Sustainable Soil Management Friday 17 August 2018, from 10:30 to 12:30 The Windsor Convention & Expo Center

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