Foot and Mouth Disease: Turkey recent developments in the region and outlooks

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Outlook achievement the WestEurasia Roadmap including
Recent Developments in the Region (Practical Epidemiology for Progressive Control (PepC))
Outlook gaps on the control of FMD in the Region (EARLY DETECTION / WELNET FMD)

Dr Nahit Yazıcıoğlu
President, Roadmap Advisory Group
Head of Animal Health and Quarantine Department
GDFC, MoFAL, TURKEY

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Foot and Mouth Disease: Turkey recent developments in the region and outlooks

  1. 1. Recent Developments in the Region, and OutlookDr Nahit YazıcıoğluPresident, Roadmap Advisory GroupHead of Animal Health and Quarantine DepartmentGDFC, MoFAL, TURKEY West EurAsia FMD Control-Roadmap 2025, 4th Annual Regional Progress Review Meeting, 2-4th April 2013, Baku, Azerbaijan
  2. 2. Outlook achievement the WestEurasia Roadmap• The West Eurasia Roadmap has made good progress along the four years: -better awareness of the FMD risks -progress in many countries -identifying "new epidemic events" at an earlier point -countries increasingly use PCP as tool in identification of gaps and for FMD control -training for capacity building for diagnosis and epidemiology skill to understand the disease -many project and support carried out by EUFMD -developing the Guidelines for assesment of Stages in the PCP
  3. 3. Recent Developments in the RegionPRACTICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY FOR PROGRESSIVE CONTROL (PeP-C)Turkey has been glad to host the PEPc training course Held in Istanbul, at Pendik Institute; Four weeks duration Experts from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Georgia, Iran and Turkey A great opportunity to learn together, gaining experiences on epidemiology and create a network that can favour of FMD control
  4. 4. Recent Developments in the RegionPRACTICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY FOR PROGRESSIVE CONTROL (PeP-C) Course was on “Epidemiology Approach”:  Theoretical epidemiology  Surveillance; Data collection, Data entry/validation  Data analysis (transforming data to information)  Outbreak investigation including field study  Analysis disease socio-economic impact  Risk assessment and Gap analysis including write a useful report EPIDEMIOLOGY IS ONE MAIN GAP IN THE REGION TO IDENTIFY CLEARLY THE SITUATION It would be very useful this type of training to other countries:  West Eurasia needs all countries to have trained epidemiologist to apply their experiences to their national FMD control
  5. 5. Outlook gaps on the control of FMD in the RegionEARLY DETECTION / WELNET FMD Turkey is concerned that virus typing is not fast enough in the region to identify upcoming treat! WELNET activity plan for 2012 including proposal on early detection was not funded It needs a strong commitment by all members of the roadmap to achieve this critical goal We are all should act a practical way for the future:  There are some good labs in the region-/But maybe there is no good collaboration!  Lets act together, like PEPc has achieved
  6. 6. Early Detection activities provided by ŞAP Institute ŞAP Institute provided some advanced facilities;  samples were received from Iraq on November  Results for serotyping and sequencing including detail report were provided a few days This is a good example to speed up early detection;allowing CVOs valuable and in time information so that theylearn upcoming risk and act in time This is good initiative; needs extent all the region and regular base We are all at under the same risk from FMD-we need WELNET to function better So WELNET must be supported in the next two years; Turkey should follow this!
  7. 7. Results for Samples recieved from Iraq July2012 August12 September12 October 12 November 12 December 12 January 2013
  8. 8. Outlook gaps on the control of FMD in the RegionVaccination Policy in the region: Vaccine sufficiency• Our region like many other countries suffers this critical problem: – We have: vaccine doses used in region are less then 200 m, but 450 milion FMD susceptible animals in region! Lets discuss:  How to get resources for campaigns  Which species and where to apply vaccination  WE SHOULD INITIATE WORKING ON COST/BENEFIT ANALYSIS TO FIND ANSWER;  VACCINATION STRATEGY-MODEL- DECISION SUPPORT TOOLS-BUDGET-STAFF ECT.  FOR EXAMPLE; What is role sheep on disease dynamic? need vaccinate sheep? This should be one of prorities for our next action plan as WE Turkey call the EC and EuFMD to help fund more activities relevant to FMD managers
  9. 9. Outlook gaps on the control of FMD in the RegionExpertise for disease control I think we have expertise in the WE region But, we could not benefit from them actively and organized-they are scattered! We need a good organization and network to utilize available expertise – Otherwise information is passed down in the field, and data are still insufficiently used for implementation of measures (timeliness, scientific analyses, risk management) !- NEEDS use favour of creative control strategies Lets create a expertise network and training group;  To develop training materials to adapt to each country  To share experiences, tools and information
  10. 10. Outlook gaps on the control of FMD/Role of International Support• Virus circulation at regional level has been formulated large epidemics despite vaccinations in all countries• There are gaps in preventive measures,• Insufficient dynamic control strategies• Limited control of international animal movements• Insufficient outbreak investigation, not reach individual outbreaks and sampling/Serotyping LETS THINK ABOUT IT! FMD IS OUR PROBLEM TREATING OUR POPULATION AND LOSE ECONOMIC Do not forget our national responsibilities!
  11. 11. Outlook gaps on the control of FMD/Role of International Support – At regional level, need for : o to reduce risk of animal movements • Risk /Socio-Economic analysis, involving stakeholder • sharing of data on vaccination, serological surveys and FMDV at suitable scale • improved human resources for epidemiology, risk assessment & management – Need for greater regional collaboration- – DO WE HAVE REGIONAL OWNERSHIP?! – Countries should manage their own risks with own resources International support to the region has played a vital role in promoting reviews of national strategies Therefore, Welcomes the initiative of FAO and OIE and other international organization in order to invite national FMD project proposal, AND follow up principle of Bangkok Workshop for more financial support

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