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GLOBAL ERADICATION OF THE PESTE
DES PETITS RUMINANTS (PPR): A
DRIVER FOR FOOD SECURITY AND
NUTRITION
Bouna Diop, FAO/OIE P...
Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats
• 2,1 Billion heads of sheep and goats globally
• Primary livestock resource of many low-inc...
Small Ruminants (SR): Sheep, Goats
• Food products deriving from sheep and goats are an essential
part of the diet of most...
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR)
• A destructive, fast spreading viral disease that
kills sheep and goats and present in m...
PPR in Kenya and Somalia
Kenya
• The 2006 – 2008 PPR epidemic in
Kenya was responsible for the
deaths of 1.2 million SR an...
PPR Global Eradication Programme
• International conference (April 2015) endorsed the
FAO/OIE Global Strategy aiming to Er...
Conclusion
• PPR is a major threat for small ruminants production and
compromises livelihoods of small holders
• Control o...
Food Security and Nutrition and the global control and eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR)
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Food Security and Nutrition and the global control and eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

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"Food Security and Nutrition and the global control and eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR),
by Bouna Diop, Animal Health Division, FAO. "

http://www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium/en/

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Food Security and Nutrition and the global control and eradication of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

  1. 1. GLOBAL ERADICATION OF THE PESTE DES PETITS RUMINANTS (PPR): A DRIVER FOR FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION Bouna Diop, FAO/OIE PPR Secretariat
  2. 2. Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats • 2,1 Billion heads of sheep and goats globally • Primary livestock resource of many low-income, food and nutrition-insecure, poor rural families • Provide milk, meat, wool, fibre and skins • Support the livelihoods of small holders, traders, processors, etc • Women are in control of SR operations and the associated income stream. An important asset for escaping from Poverty and building resilience of livelihoods
  3. 3. Small Ruminants (SR): Sheep, Goats • Food products deriving from sheep and goats are an essential part of the diet of most people around the world • SR milk and meat are of high nutritional quality and health- promoting • SR meat and milk can be immediately consumed or locally sold without the need for refrigeration • SR breeding generates incomes which allow to buy diversified food, for a more balance diet. An important element of Nutrition
  4. 4. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) • A destructive, fast spreading viral disease that kills sheep and goats and present in more than 70 countries (Africa, Middle East and Asia) • PPR directly threatens the lives of around 300 million of the world’s poorest people • PPR causes annual global loses estimated at US$1.4 to US$2.1 billion. • Loss of livestock due to PPR causes pastoralists and farmers to migrate away from their lands and cultures in search of alternative livelihoods A global concern
  5. 5. PPR in Kenya and Somalia Kenya • The 2006 – 2008 PPR epidemic in Kenya was responsible for the deaths of 1.2 million SR and a drop in milk production of 2.1 million litres. • Consumption of milk from SR decreased to nearly zero and an increased share (by 25–40 percent) of wild food in diets was reported • Significant effort has been made to control the disease however it’s still present. Somalia • Livestock contributes about 60% to the incomes of the population, generates about 65% of Somalia’s GDP • First PPR outbreaks confirmed in 2005 • To recover and rehabilitate SR rearing, more than 57 million heads of SR were vaccinated between 2012 – 2015 • PPR prevalence has been reduced drastically however risk of disease reemergence still present due to uncontrolled animal movements
  6. 6. PPR Global Eradication Programme • International conference (April 2015) endorsed the FAO/OIE Global Strategy aiming to Eradicating PPR by 2030 while at the same time Strengthening the Veterinary Services and Controlling other SR diseases • Global eradication of PPR can be achieved only with sufficient political, financial and technical investment • An initial five-year programme for 2017-2021 has been developed by FAO and OIE in collaboration with partners. • A Joint FAO/OIE Global Secretariat for coordination of the PPR eradication programme
  7. 7. Conclusion • PPR is a major threat for small ruminants production and compromises livelihoods of small holders • Control of PPR contributes to improving livelihood, food security and nutrition and increasing the long-term resilience of hundreds of millions of the world’s poorest people. • Because of its transboundary nature, a global effort is necessary to achieve eradication by 2030.

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