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Food losses in food value chains – analysing causes and identifying solutions

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www.fao.org/mexico
Presentación de Emilie Wieben en el Taller de Medición y Análisis de Pérdidas de Alimentos FAO-SAGARPA

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Food losses in food value chains – analysing causes and identifying solutions

  1. 1. Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Emilie Wieben Natural Resources Officer, ESN Technical Seminar on Food Losses, 19 September 2016, Mexico City Food losses in food value chains – analysing causes and identifying solutions
  2. 2. • The issue and its impacts • Methodology and tools • Qualitative assessment – analysis Overview
  3. 3. • Global initiative … 4 Pillars • Awareness raising • Collaboration and partnerships • Policy, strategy, and programme development • Support to investment programmes and projects SAVE FOOD
  4. 4. Food and Nutrition Security • Decreased food availability • Contributes to vulnerability – undermines adaptive capacities and resilience to climate change • Qualitative food losses - reduced nutritional value Socio-Economics • Poor smallholder food producer – especially women • Poor food insecure consumer – higher prices • Income loss, financial loss from input expenditure • Increased labour Environment • Major contributor to climate change ~ 8% of global GHG emissions • Inefficient use of natural resources (land, water, energy) • Indirect impacts on ecosystem degradation, deforestation, biodiversity loss Food losses: Impacts
  5. 5. Methodology Food Loss Analysis: Causes and Solutions – Case studies in the Small-scale Agriculture and Fisheries Subsector Tool EX-ACT (Ex-Ante Carbon-balance) Value Chain - provides multi-impact appraisal generated by a value chain in terms of GHG emissions, resilience and income. How to assess the causes, impacts and solutions?
  6. 6. Food Loss Analysis: Causes and Solutions – Case studies in the Small-scale Agriculture and Fisheries Subsector Methodology
  7. 7. ✔ ✔ ✘ ✘ ✘ Why case study? Quantity estimation Major causes Exact causes Most important losses in chain Impact of solutions ✔ ✔ ✔ Case study Literature review and statistical data
  8. 8. • One-moment recording • Specific food supply chain, specific season • NOT a national subsector study • Different time and location: different situation Characteristics Many case studies; Different locations Trends & solutions Investment programs; Interven- tions FL reduction programs & strategies
  9. 9. Screening Survey Sampling Synthesis 4 S Approach Report
  10. 10. • Understanding the FVCs in the subsector • Qualitative understanding of the range of losses • Indicative, quantitative data for loss assessment • Selection of FVCs for Surveying and Sampling … based on economic impact, food security, national development objectives • Secondary data – sourced from reports, docs.. • Key informant interviews – experts Screening
  11. 11. Survey / Sampling Survey • Careful observations in the field • Interview with the FVC actors • Semi-structured interview • Key informant interview Sampling • Actual measurements of losses along the chain • Load tracking Collect quantitative and qualitative information  identify CLP
  12. 12. • Magnitude of food loss - production to retail • Qualitative and quantitative • Major task and output of 3 S find and validate CLP • CLP: What, why?  target for solutions • Impact on food security and economic effects Low loss point Critical Loss Points Kenya Case Study Report, FAO 2014.
  13. 13. • Cause finding – location and ID of causes in the FVC • Solutions and feasibility assessment • Propose interventions and determine technical and financial feasibility • Integration/context of national strategies Synthesis
  14. 14. • Make more food available to the people that need it most. • Be economically sustainable. • Not place a higher burden on the environment and GHG emissions. • Be socially and culturally acceptable. Considerations on Solutions
  15. 15. • Food production ↔ environment, supporting ecosystems, climate change • Adaptive capabilities, resilience • Energy access, technologies and use Environment and climate change • Access to resources and services between genders • Cultural practices • Social position in FVC • Female inclusion in studies Social and gender • Regulatory and management system • Application of regulations • Common practices • Capacity of chain actors and regulatory agencies Food safety Essential Dimensions
  16. 16. Studies banana, maize, milk, fish cassava, potato, tomato maize, teff maize, sunflower, beans chickpea, mango, milk, rice
  17. 17. EX-ACT (Ex-Ante Carbon-balance) Value Chain Tool EX-ACT VC Tool
  18. 18. What is the EX-ACT VC Tool? An excel-based calculator used to: • Quantify the amount of GHG emissions associated with the FVC activities and food losses • Assist in identifying practices with beneficial impacts Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Value Chain Tool
  19. 19. Why EX-ACT VC Tool: • assessment VC interventions to improve efficiency and sustainability • Evaluation of CC mitigation and resilience potential Socio-economic/rural development impacts • Ex-ante analysis –baseline and project scenario – various scenarios, where are the highest impacts • Small to macro level • Project, policy and progamme feasibility Multi-impact FVC analysis
  20. 20. • Consist of: • Module on VC GHG emission analysis • Module on climate resilience analysis • Module on socio-economic analysis • Module gathering VC performance results  First analytical framework on mitigation, adaptation and resilience indicators to appraise VC performance, also considering losses Basic structure of EX-ACT VC
  21. 21. • Collect data for each stage of the FVC incl loss% Data inputs Agricultural Production 18% Postharvest handling and Storage 18% Processing 13% Distribution 15% Consumption 36% GHG Emissions from FLW
  22. 22. Results
  23. 23. • Understanding all dimensions of food losses and their causes is crucial for identifying sustainable solutions • FVC interventions  CCAM, poverty reduction and food security • Sustainable solutions = (climate) financing and investment attractiveness Towards sustainable food systems
  24. 24. Thank you very much! fao.org/save-food fao.org/tc/exact Emilie.wieben@fao.org

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