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Expert consultation “New Directions for Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems”


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FAO's Research and Extension Unit, together with FAO's Social Policies and Rural Institutions division (ESP) and in collaboration with the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) organized a three day expert consultation at FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy, from 11th to 13th May 2016. Experts came together to discuss the issue of “Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems (PSS)”. The presentation laid the groundwork for the discussion.

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Expert consultation “New Directions for Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems”

  1. 1. Pluralistic Service Systems 1 May Hani Policy Officer – Institutions and Services Magdalena Blum Extension Systems Officer Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Rome, 11-13 May 2016 Expert consultation “New Directions for Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems”
  2. 2. Pluralistic Service Systems OBJECTIVES
  3. 3. Pluralistic Service Systems Objectives  To open a debate and suggest action on Inclusive Pluralistic Service Systems (PSS) to inform policy and development planning with a focus on  Governance, accountability, coordination and  Financing mechanisms and sustainability  Create a common understanding on challenges and issues related to inclusive PSS  Formulate actionable recommendations in terms of policies and transformative investments
  4. 4. Pluralistic Service Systems AGENDA
  5. 5. Pluralistic Service Systems What brought us here?
  6. 6. Pluralistic Service Systems Why a focus on inclusive services?  80% of the poor live in rural areas majority of them are small farmers  75% of them depend on agriculture and natural resources  80% of world food is produced by smallholders  43% of the agricultural labor force are women  Improving livelihoods of small men and women farmers is key to reducing rural poverty
  7. 7. Pluralistic Service Systems Overall policy framework  Framework of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG1) on eliminating extreme poverty  FAO Strategic programme on reducing rural poverty  Access initiative – strengthening organization and ensuring access to resources, information, services and markets  Enhancing service provision targeting the poor
  8. 8. Pluralistic Service Systems Services and livelihoods  Rural advisory services that contribute of enhancing livelihoods of small farmers  Productivity  Profitability and income  Market access  Resilience  Learning  Social and economic opportunities  Services that are inclusive, gender sensitive, demand- driven and market-oriented
  9. 9. Pluralistic Service Systems Participants’ views on Inclusive Pluralistic Advisory Services
  10. 10. Pluralistic Service Systems Advisory Services are inclusive when …  Responding to local demands and opportunities of all types of farmers/rural producers  All farm household activities are included in the services (livestock, fisheries, high value crops, farm management, …)  No one individual service is likely to be broadly inclusive, if it is to be tailored enough to meet farmers’ needs.  To be truly inclusive, there needs to be close collaboration, participation and downward accountability to end users
  11. 11. Pluralistic Service Systems Advisory Services are inclusive when …  They have certain qualities/characteristics  Affordable, easily and equally accessible, sustainable, gender equal, downward accountability to end users, demand driven, ….  holistic, bottom-up approach, and horizontal communication  They are participatory in the sense of  Stakeholders and users involved in establishing priorities, decision making, delivering services, monitoring and evaluation  Inclusion/Exclusion can occur at the point of entry and in the process of delivery. Services can be exclusive in terms of  Particular population/users  Some needs/demands  Types of providers / services they offer  Means needed (e.g. restricted mobility can limit access)
  12. 12. Pluralistic Service Systems Inclusion is about …  Engaging with different actors, systems, disciplines, for different purposes, with a common goal.  Recognizing that the risks (climate or conflict related) are of different characters for different groups in society  Recognizing where there are gaps in the overall landscape of service provision  Understanding if and how local government and others might be held accountable for inclusive services  Understanding how culture and context influence participation in different services  Looking at incentives and disincentives for inclusion in the political institutions that steer service provision
  13. 13. Pluralistic Service Systems Working Definitions
  14. 14. Pluralistic Service Systems Services are considered inclusive, if they  target resource poor and vulnerable farmers, especially women and youth  are tailored to the multiple capacities, needs and demands of these farmers  are characterized by continuous dialogue and learning between farmers and service providers  are based on complementary services by different providers Inclusive Services
  15. 15. Pluralistic Service Systems Advisory Services Advisory services are understood as encompassing all intangible services to farmers, including information, knowledge, brokering and advice, on issues such as production, inputs and technology, credit, nutrition, processing, marketing, organization and business management
  16. 16. Pluralistic Service Systems Why new directions?
  17. 17. Pluralistic Service Systems Where do we stand?  Considering heterogeneity of farmers and their needs/demands  Recognizing the role of rural women and youth in agriculture and rural economies  From linear, bi-lateral approaches to a system perspective  From production focus to improving livelihoods  From universal public services by a single provider to diverse state and non-state providers  Changing role of the State in a pluralistic environment
  18. 18. Pluralistic Service Systems Questions  Plurality is evident - Is there a system?  In a changing institutional environment, how to ensure that the poor don’t fall through the cracks?  How can farmers and their organization be empowered to amplify their voice and role in decision making?  What kind of coordination would be needed? And by whom?  How can service providers be made accountability to farmer?  How to achieve complementarity among service providers?
  19. 19. Pluralistic Service Systems Questions  What form of policy environment is conducive to achieve relevant, efficient and effective services?  How can development agencies support governments and non-state actors  in enhancing quality, inclusiveness and sustainability of services?  in taking up new roles, collaboration and partnerships?  What mechanisms for coordination and accountability can be supported?  What financing mechanisms and partnership opportunities can help to achieve inclusiveness and sustainability?
  20. 20. Pluralistic Service Systems Our challenge  Do we have the knowledge and evidence to give answers to these questions?  This group has the expertise and mandate to come up with doable recommendations and suggestions for action that would make a difference We are looking forward to working with you over the next three days