Experience Farmer Organization for adaptation to Climate Change

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http://www.fao.org/asiapacific/events/detail-events/en/c/1262/

Presentation of Masroni from Nuasantara Farmer’s movement, describing farmers adaptation to climate change. The presentation was prepared and delivered in occasion of the Regional Symposium on Agroecology in Asia and the Pacific, held in Bangkok, Senegal on 24-26 November 2015.

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Experience Farmer Organization for adaptation to Climate Change

  1. 1. Experience Farmer Organization for adaptation to climate change Multistakeholders Consultation on Agroecology in Asia and the Pacific 24-26 November 2015, Bangkok, Thailand MASRONI IPPHTI Indramayu/Gerakan Petani Nusantara Indonesian IPM Farmers’ Association/Nusantara Famers’ Movement
  2. 2. Background • Indramayu is one of the rice production center in Indonesia, located in North Coast of Java Island • Total rice production in Indramayu is 1,3 million mt/year • IPPHTI Indramayu – local farmer organization of Integrated Pest Management – Field School
  3. 3. Impact of climate change in rice plantation : • Long dry season – hot temperature 38 -50oC • Uncertainity of water avaliability for irrigation • Explosion of pest and disease • Slow or stunting plant growth • Delayed time planting – 1 month Impact Of Climate Change
  4. 4. • Farmers should be aware and understand the impact of climate change • IPPHTI built cooperation with Department of Anthropology, University of Indonesia • We develop strategy for adaptation to climate change IPPHTI Initiatives
  5. 5. • What are the indicators of : – Rain will start to fall? – Rainy season will soon arrive? • How much rainfall per month? Per year? (ml) • When do floods occured and how many per year? When does drought happened ? • What kind of pest and disease that usually occurs in rainy season and dry season? • Etc Strategy : What we learned?
  6. 6. Rainfall Observation 3 farmers as observer From 50 farmer groups 24 sub-district (of total 33 sub-district) In Indramayu • Observe rice field : weather, rainfall, pest and disease and plant growth • Collecting data of rainfall : every morning 6-8 am • Collecting data of agroecosystem every 10 days • Evaluation end meeting every 30 days
  7. 7. • Based on the observations and data collected  monthly meeting – Collecting all data in data center (warung Informasi) – Discussing problem and finding from the rice field – Planning for adaptation : • Option of varieties base on specific location • Option of land and plant management • Acceleration or delaying  time planting Plan for Adaptation
  8. 8. Flow of Information Information Center Regional Coordinator Evaluation 3 dasa harian Primary plants Rice tillers information information DH 1 DH 2 DH 3monitoring Field Data Data Center Farmers Adaptation Field Observation
  9. 9. • Key experiences of success – Farmers have their own data series on rainfall and other agroecosystem data from 2010-2015 (5 years) – Farmers have strategy for adaptation to climate change impact – avoid pest and diseases, determine suitable rice veriety, method and time planting. • Innovations have been developed in these systems : – The first dan the only farmer organization that has data series on rainfall and other agroecosystem – Developed practical agrocology solutions base on local conditions – Model of large scale farmers action research on climate change • Potential to be devoloped for agroecological solutions: – need to replicate to other district with similar characteristics at lanscape scale – Need to be supported with information technology, data will be accessible for farmers at large – Fill the gaps of government data on climate at local level Lesson Learned
  10. 10. • Need to promote adaptation to climate change at large • Farmers need network and collaboration at national – Indonesia scale • 30 September 2015 : farmers leaders from 28 districts in Java and Lampung agree to develop Gerakan Petani Nusantara (GPN) – national farmers network on agroecology • Sharing “farmers action research” in GPN : – greater and broader benefit – more data on agroecosystem and climate From Local to National Network
  11. 11. Thank You

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