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Agroecology for farmers in irrigated areas - SRI


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Presentation of Sophal Chhong from Farmer and Nature Net (FNN) describing what FNN is doing to promote organic agriculture and ecological agriculture practices. The presentation was prepared and delivered in occasion of the Regional Symposium on Agroecology in Asia and the Pacific, held in Bangkok, Senegal on 24-26 November 2015.

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Agroecology for farmers in irrigated areas - SRI

  1. 1. FARMER AND NATURE NET ( FNN) FNN history FNN was established be CEDAC, sponsored by FNF, in December 2003, and officially registered at the Ministry of interior (MoI) on March 10, 2006. Main goals of FNN are to promote the family economy of small scale farmers and develop equitable and sustainable rural community through typical activities of agricultural extension, saving and credit cooperatives and business rice cooperatives. Besides that, FNN has also supported rural farmer youth, poorest and women groups to raise awareness on management of natural resources, climate change and advocacy. Up to now FNN working in 16 provinces, 59 districts, 212 communes, 863 village with 1282 saving group, 320 producer group have 53226 member.
  2. 2. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE PRACTICE BY FNN ( FARMER AND NATURE NET) FNN promoting small scale farmer household to applies ecological agriculture innovative to improving their livelihood for sustainable development in Cambodia, such as Promoting farmer household to applies new innovation, Systems of Rice Intensification ( SRI)  Promoting farmer to growing organic vegetable and home garden at their homeland for reducing expenses and health. Promoting ecological chicken raising ( ECR)
  3. 3.  Promoting farmer for using botanical pesticide, and saving compost  Promoting national resources conservation, reforestation.  Last one linking farmer small scal product to the market
  4. 4. WHAT FNN DOING TO PROMOTE ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE PRACTICES FNN promoting small scale farmer household for applying organic agriculture, and encouraging farmer using local input for agriculture production and linking all farmer products to the market.  Promoting farmer to applies SRI innovation
  5. 5.  Promoting farmer to growing organic vegetable
  6. 6.  Promoting farmer to applies ecological chicken raising ( ECR)  Farmer feeding for chicken Separate small chicken
  7. 7.  Promoting farmer to using botanical pesticide and compost  Botanical pesticide Compost manure
  8. 8.  Promoting natural resources conservation and tree planting Community pond for fish conservation Farmer and monk dig community pond
  9. 9. FNN PROMOTE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION General information in Cambodia 1.85% of 15 million Cambodian lives in the rural area and depend directly and indirectly on agriculture. The majority of rural poor are subsistence rice farmers with small land holding (1-2 ha/family). 2.There is increasing the number of farmers with land holding less than 0.5ha/family. 3.Agricultural and food production of most farming household does not reach the subsistence level, especially mono-rice cropping.
  10. 10. According to its natural potential , rice plants have: • More profuse tillering, 50 tiller per plant, with some having many more • Larger and deeper root system • Larger panicle • Higher quality grain, and often higher grain weight • SRI methods create a conducive environment for rice to grow
  11. 11. • Tillering potential of rice plant • Tiller development and root growth of rice with traditional and SRI methods
  12. 12. For SRI, the best result or the optimal yield is achieved only through the proper combination of the improved practices to create synergy effect. The more good practices farmer can apply, the more yield they will get For the first start, if farmers just select only strong seedling for transplanting, reduce the number of seedling per clump and shallow rooted transplanting yield can be increased to more than 30 % (no extra)
  13. 13. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND SRI PRACTICES Traditional ( conventional) • Rice field is continuously flooded with high level of water during the vegetative stage • Seedling is raised with too much water, and the seedling density is high • Transplanting too many seedlings per clump, mixture of weak and thick seedling • Seedling age is too old, generally more than one month • Seedling is uprooted with damage to root and stem, and is kept for one to two days before transplanting • Seedlings are transplanted with close spacing and no equal SRI • Only minimal water, preferably keeping the soil only moist and dry/wet condition • Seedling is raised in bed like vegetable bed, and the seed density is very low • Young seedling, preferably less than 15 day • Only 1 to 2, but preferably one seedling per clump, only vigorous seedling • Young seedling is uprooted and transplanted with care, transplanted immediately after uprooting • Wide spacing and square pattern or in line transplanting
  14. 14. HOW TO MAINSTREAM AND INCORPORATE SRI INTO THE NATIONAL STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF THE ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF CAMBODIA • CEDAC’ s own experimentation (1999) • On farm trial with interested farmers (2000) • Field day, • Farmer Exchange • Regular monitoring and evaluation • Workshop ( commune, district, province, and national level) • Media (Radio, TV, Newspaper) • Farmer to farmer extension approach
  15. 15. • Mobilization of Development Partnership (28 Local 12 International Organization, and 19 Provincial Department of Agricultures) • Internal and External Evaluation (CEDAC and GTZ) • Network of Ecological Agriculture Development in Cambodia (NEDC) • SRI Secretariat (CEDAC Representative and Representative of the Department of Agriculture and Land Improvement: DALI)
  16. 16. During 2014 and this year for promoting SRI, FNN and CEDAC organizing SRI Award with farmers • 2014 three farmer will get SRI award • 2015 five farmer will get SRI award
  17. 17. LINKAGE FARMER PRODUCTS TO THE MARKET Up to 2015, FNN and CEDAC , purchasing organic paddy from farmer producer group 2000Tone for exportation and 1000Tone for local market. For exportation we always hire certification body from BCS ( from Germany) to certified organic rice for export to USA, Gemany, Hong Kong, Singapore and Viet Name. For local market we use the paddy certification by CEDAC and FNN ( use internal control system). Up to now 11 markets opening in the Phnom Penh for selling farmer organic product, and we ready Installed milling rice five places
  20. 20. SUCCESSES AND BEST PRACTICE Farmer improving their livelihood through applies ecology agriculture ( Increase yield every year ) Farmer have a power for negotiate with middle-man and also selling agriculture produce in high price than before ( selling and buying together and through rice mill cooperative) Farmer increase saving and have more capital in the saving association Farmer producer group easily to access the market through Natural Agri-product Market
  21. 21. CHALLENGES AND LESSON LEARN • Lack of capital for purchase organic rice • Competition with exporter • Paddy flow to border country ( VN and Thai) • Low quality of paddy • No dryer machine LESSON LEARNT • Working with district cooperative and make a contract among of paddy for export and selling in Phnom Penh. • Creating new market channel for farmer ( niche market) • Development through agricultural cooperative