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Agricultural Integrated Survey (AGRIS): Rationale and Methodology


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Agricultural Integrated Survey (AGRIS): Rationale and Methodology.

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Agricultural Integrated Survey (AGRIS): Rationale and Methodology

  1. 1. Regional Workshop for Monitoring the SDGs related to Food and Agriculture Sector and on the WCA 2020 Nadi, Fiji 6-10 November 2017 Rasmiyya Aliyeva Statistician FAO Sub-Regional Office for the Pacific Islands Agricultural Integrated Survey (AGRIS) Rationale and Methodology Technical Session 9c 1
  2. 2. Outline 1. Context 2. Proposed solution 3. Methodology 4. Topics covered 5. AGRIS toolkit 2
  3. 3. 1. Context • There is a need for more, better, cheaper and faster statistical data on the agricultural and rural sector, farm level • SDG indicators add new pressure and widen data gaps • Data collection still weak in many countries, even for basic data items • Among the International Development Assistance (IDA) countries, within the last 15 years:  Over half have not conducted any agricultural census  About three fourths have no annual agricultural survey • Global Strategy to improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics 3
  4. 4. 2. Proposed solution AGRIS: A 10 year farm-level integrated survey: • Comes with a generic methodology proposed – not imposed – to countries for further customization + implementation • Generates representative estimates – national/province/district • Informs policy design and implementation, improve market efficiency and support research  Contributes to SDGs monitoring (5 indicators directly, 16 indicators partially)  Generate about 65% of Global Strategy Minimum Set of Core Data • Lays the foundations of an efficient agricultural statistical system • Is affordable and manageable to allow sustainable country implementation 4
  5. 5. 2. Proposed solution • Generic AGRIS package proposed to countries  AGRIS toolkit available online for further national implementation and customization • Methodological resources, guidelines and software/code:  Planning and design  Data collection  Data processing, analysis, archiving  Data dissemination 5
  6. 6. 3. Methodology 6 Statistical Units All agricultural holdings • Household sector (INCL. SMALL HOLDERS) • Non-household sector Modular Structure • Synchronized with the Agricultural Census and operates over a 10- year cycle to provide a regular flow of quality data • Core Module: yearly data collection on current agricultural production (crop and livestock) integrated with key economic, technical and socio-demographic statistics • Rotating Modules : thematic data to be collected with lower frequency (2-5 years): economy, labour, machinery-equipment-assets- decisions, production methods & environment. Sample design • Versatile sampling strategy, able to meet different country situations • Multiple waves for data collection possible (e.g. for labour, economy) • Panel/Rotating sample for the core module • Sub-sample of the core module for the rotating modules – when possible Data collection • Face-to-face interviews • Questions = Subjective => link with objective measurements
  7. 7. 3. Methodology 7 Recommended flow of modules Years 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Agricultural Census • AGRIS Core Module Agricultural Holding Roster • • • • • • • • • • Crop production • • • • • • • • • • Livestock production • • • • • • • • • • AGRIS Rot. Module 1 Economy • • • • AGRIS Rot. Module 2 Labour force • • • AGRIS Rot. Module 3 Machinery and equipment • • AGRIS Rot. Module 4 Production methods and environment • • •
  8. 8. 4. Topics covered • AGRIS covers technical, economic, environmental and social dimensions of agricultural holdings • AGRIS collects sex-disaggregated data on key topics:  to identify male / female headed holdings  to assess women's contribution to agriculture: o labour o access to and control of productive assets, resources and services o decision making 8
  9. 9. 4. Topics covered: core module 9 CORE MODULE 1. Identification and general characteristics of the holding Location, holder, manager, respondent, main activity, main destination. 2. Agricultural productions Crops: last 12 months Crops: next12 months Livestock Meat, milk, eggs and other animal products Aquaculture and fisheries 3. Economy Income. Expenditure Credits and access to finance Access to information 4. Production shocks and cooping mechanisms 5. Demographics (Household agricultural holdings only) 6. Labour Labour input on the holding 7. Holding housing dwelling and assets (Household agricultural holdings only)
  10. 10. 4. Topics covered: rotating modules 10 ROTATING MODULE 1 : Economy 1. Main characteristics of the holding Identification, land ownership and use, livestock ownership 2. Income from agricultural production Quantity produced, by commodity (from Core) Quantity sold, by commodity Total values of sales or average price received, by commodity 3. Other sources of income of the holding Aquaculture and fisheries (sales) Forestry products (own use and sales) On-farm processing of agricultural commodities (total quantities produced, sold and expenses) Energy/Electricity generation (amount produced, sold and value) Diversification activities (income and expenses) Other sources of income related to agriculture (income) 4. Subsidies and transfers related to agricultural production Direct and indirect subsidies; transfers
  11. 11. 4. Topics covered: rotating modules 11 ROTATING MODULE 1 : Economy (continued) 5. Other sources of income of household members Salaries, rentals (other than renting of agricultural land of the holding), investments, etc. 6. Inputs and production costs For crop production For livestock production Labour (total salaries/wages in cash or in kind) 7. Taxes and licenses related to the holding Taxes paid (value) - land, property etc. Licenses (value) – water, access rights, etc. 8. Investments and financing Purchase of capital/fixed assets (value) Loans (provider, type, value and use on the holding) 9. Insurance schemes Type, coverage, premium values and repayments 10. Storage facilities By type and commodity 11. Marketing % produced sold, market type and characteristics
  12. 12. 4. Topics covered: rotating modules 12 ROTATING MODULE 2 : LABOUR 1. Overview of labour force on the holding 2. Peak and low months 3. Demographic characteristics of workers 4. Time worked by workers 5. Forms of contractors and payments 6. Contractors
  13. 13. 4. Topics covered: rotating modules 13 ROTATING MODULE 3 : MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, ASSETS AND DECISIONS 1. Machinery and equipment (types and quantities, access and ownership) Manually operated equipment; Animal powered equipment Machines for general farm use Specialized agriculture machinery 2. Types of non-residential buildings 3. Assets (Household Agricultural Holdings only) Land, livestock owner, operator Household dwellings Drinking water Household assets 9. Distribution of managerial decisions in the holding (Household Agricultural Holdings only)
  14. 14. 4. Topics covered: rotating modules 14 ROTATING MODULE 4 : PRODUCTION METHODS AND ENVIRONMENT (QUANTITIES, TYPES AND AREAS) 1. Use of Natural resources Land use; Energy sources; Soil management; Irrigation and drainage 2.Crops production systems and resources Fertilizers ; Plant protection products; Crops and seeds varieties and resources; Rice cultivation, specificities 3. Livestock production systems and resources Livestock types and resources; Animal breeding and reproduction; Animal housing, manure management, equipment and transportation of animals Veterinary products and use of traditional medical methods Feed and use of pastures 4. Organic farming (certified or in conversion to organic 5. Agro forestry 6. Access to and use of services, infrastructure and natural resources Agricultural extension services (incl. veterinary) Infrastructure (incl. IT, communications, access to market) Access to natural and common property resources 7. Greenhouse gas and environment 8. Adaptation to climate change and mitigation strategies 9. Waste management
  15. 15. 5. AGRIS toolkit 15 Planning AGRIS • Data needs assessment guidelines • Survey plan template • Supply and equipment procurement • Budget calculation template • AGRIS pre-test guidelines • Memorandum of Understanding template • AGRIS governance: example of terms of reference • Quality management checklist Includes the following Resources (*): draft resource available
  16. 16. 5. AGRIS toolkit 16 Questionnaires • Indicator lists and data items: core and rotating modules(*) • Core and rotating modules: generic questionnaires(*) • Flow of modules guidelines • Guidelines for the customization of AGRIS questionnaires Sampling • AGRIS sampling strategy (*) • Sampling programs/syntaxes (in R, STATA, SPSS) • Sample size and sampling error calculation simulations • Sample weight calculation simulations
  17. 17. 5. AGRIS toolkit 17 AGRIS data collection • CAPI solution for tablets and smartphones: software and training package (*) • Instructions for interviewers • Instructions for supervisors • Fieldwork checklist AGRIS data processing • CAPI solution: software and training package (*) • PAPI: AGRIS generic questionnaires data entry application • Manual for AGRIS data processing • Data quality guidelines • Tabulation programs/syntaxes (in R, STATA, SPSS)
  18. 18. 5. AGRIS toolkit 18 AGRIS data analysis • Generic tabulation plan • Sampling errors calculations • Analyses for the core module and the rotating modules: guidelines AGRIS data dissemination • Final report and presentation template • AGRIS dissemination strategy guidelines and release calendar • Generic documentation policy and implementation protocols • Guidelines on engaging with journalists • Dissemination workshop series: agenda and templates • IHSN NADA software and guidelines (*) AGRIS data documentation and archiving • IHSN Microdata Management Toolkit: software & guidelines(*)
  19. 19. Thank you. Thank you 19