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Presentation by Árni M. Mathiesen
Assistant Director-General
Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
Food and Agriculture Org...
What is the potential?
Where is the potential?
Why do we need to unlock the
potential?
How do we unlock the potential?
Wha...
Marine and Fresh water
NASA Planet Earth Photo
About 72% of the
Earth’s surface,
with about 97 in
oceans
BUT
Share of fish...
 795 million people estimated to be undernourished in 2014–16, down 100 million in the
last decade.
 The vast majority, ...
Share of fish in animal protein
• >20% for more than 3 billion people
• >50% in many developing countries:
 Cambodia (69%...
 A source of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids
 Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
 Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
 Important fo...
Fisheries Important Employer
 Employment growth in FI + AQ higher than in traditional agriculture
 Millions of people ar...
Capture
Fisheries
 Marine
 Fresh
Aquaculture
 Marine
 Fresh
 Brackish
 Finfish
 Bivalves
 Seaweed
 Crustaceans
Wh...
What are we achieving now?
Fish production and utilization
Fish production
(million tonnes live weight) Per capita fish su...
What are we achieving now?
Capture fisheries production
million tonnes live weight
Including aquatic plants
2014
Including...
million tonnes live weight
Including aquatic plants
What are we achieving now?
Aquaculture production
2014
Freshwater
fish...
Global Primary
Production
Total Continental 115
billion tons a year
Total Marine 55 billion
tons a year
What is the potent...
Primary Production
Mean NPP (g/m^2/year)
Total Continental 773
Total Marine 152
What is the potential?
World Biomass/Standing
Stock
Total Continental 1837
billion tons
Total Marine 3.9 billion
tons
What is the potential?
We are only using a fraction of the
Ocean Space and PP today.
1.What can we achieve with in the
conventional?
2. Can we us...
How do we unlock the potential?
FAO Blue Growth Initiative
Aim: To contribute to the promotion of sustainable use and
conservation of aquatic living resou...
Capture Fisheries:
Increase, Sunken Billions, CCRF, EAF. Biological management and
conservation, business management, poli...
• .
OECD-FAO Fish Model Projections (2025)
Source: OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025
Countries/regions ranked by per...
Aquaculture:
GAAP, EAA, biological management and conservation (incl. bio-security), business
management, planning and reg...
Trade/markets/post harvest and
social support:
Waste reduction, non-food v. food utilization, customs tariff issues, most
...
Other or “novel” ecosystem services:
Mangroves, storm/wave bulwarks, sea-grass carbon sequestration and
UN-REDD, greater s...
…”in cod we trust”…..but
Source: Statistics Iceland
1981: catch of 460 th.tn
1984 quota system
2008: catch of 151 th.tn.
2...
Implementation of research outcomes
creates impact
State of World Marine Fish Stocks
Where is the potential?
Pathways
SCIENCE
INFORMATION
POLICY
PROJECTS
SCALING UP
INVESTMENTS
Global Policy and Trade Session: Outlook for world seafood trade 2030 prospects and challenges, 1st March 2016, Bergen, No...
Takk
!ً‫شكرا‬
Mèsi
Merci!
Thank you!
Obrigado!
!Gracias
Asante sana
Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation
Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation
Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation
Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation
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Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation

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Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation.

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Africa’s new economy: Intra-African Trade and the Blue Economy as catalysts for economic transformation

  1. 1. Presentation by Árni M. Mathiesen Assistant Director-General Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 23rd ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS OF THE AFRICAN EXPORT-IMPORT BANK (AFREXIMBANK) MAHE, SEYCHELLES , 20-22 JULY 2016 AFRICA’S NEW ECONOMY: INTRA-AFRICAN TRADE AND THE BLUE ECONOMY AS CATALYSTS FOR ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION Plenary Session: The Blue Economy or Economy in the Blues: Can Africa’s Seas and Oceans Transform the Continent?
  2. 2. What is the potential? Where is the potential? Why do we need to unlock the potential? How do we unlock the potential? What are the problems?
  3. 3. Marine and Fresh water NASA Planet Earth Photo About 72% of the Earth’s surface, with about 97 in oceans BUT Share of fishery products in total food supply % 1998 2011 Calories 1.1 1.3 Proteins 6.0 6.7
  4. 4.  795 million people estimated to be undernourished in 2014–16, down 100 million in the last decade.  The vast majority, 780 million, live in developing countries. Hunger
  5. 5. Share of fish in animal protein • >20% for more than 3 billion people • >50% in many developing countries:  Cambodia (69%)  Maldives (67%)  Sierra Leone (65%)  Gambia (57%)  Bangladesh (56%)  Indonesia (55%0  Sri Lanka(54%),  Ghana (50%)
  6. 6.  A source of the long-chain omega-3 fatty acids  Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)  Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)  Important for optimal brain and neural system development in children (1000 day window!)  Lowers the risk of coronary heart disease related (CHD) mortality.  A daily intake of 250 mg of EPA and DHA per adult gives optimal protection against CHD.  At least two meals of fish a week! 9 Fish and Nutrition
  7. 7. Fisheries Important Employer  Employment growth in FI + AQ higher than in traditional agriculture  Millions of people are directly engaged in the fisheries sector  Women represent half of those involved in the fisheries sector  FI + AQ support the livelihoods of 10-12 % of the global population
  8. 8. Capture Fisheries  Marine  Fresh Aquaculture  Marine  Fresh  Brackish  Finfish  Bivalves  Seaweed  Crustaceans What are we achieving now?
  9. 9. What are we achieving now? Fish production and utilization Fish production (million tonnes live weight) Per capita fish supply (kg) Excluding aquatic plants. 2014/2015: estimates/forecast 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 1950 1956 1962 1968 1974 1980 1986 1992 1998 2004 2010 2016 Non-food uses Capture for human consumption Aquaculture for human consumption Per capita food fish supply Excluding aquatic plants. 2015: estimate; 2016 forecast
  10. 10. What are we achieving now? Capture fisheries production million tonnes live weight Including aquatic plants 2014 Including aquatic plants 0 20 40 60 80 100 1950 1958 1966 1974 1982 1990 1998 2006 2014 Inland waters Marine areas Freshwater fishes 11% Diadromou s fishes 2% Marine fishes 70% Crustaceans 7% Molluscs 8% Miscellane ous aquatic animals 1% Aquatic plants 1%
  11. 11. million tonnes live weight Including aquatic plants What are we achieving now? Aquaculture production 2014 Freshwater fishes 42% Diadromous fishes 5% Marine fishes 2% Crustaceans 7% Molluscs 16% Miscellaneous aquatic animals 1% Aquatic plants 27% 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1950 1958 1966 1974 1982 1990 1998 2006 2014 Brackishwater Freshwater Marine
  12. 12. Global Primary Production Total Continental 115 billion tons a year Total Marine 55 billion tons a year What is the potential?
  13. 13. Primary Production Mean NPP (g/m^2/year) Total Continental 773 Total Marine 152 What is the potential?
  14. 14. World Biomass/Standing Stock Total Continental 1837 billion tons Total Marine 3.9 billion tons What is the potential?
  15. 15. We are only using a fraction of the Ocean Space and PP today. 1.What can we achieve with in the conventional? 2. Can we use more of the PP? 3. Can we increase the PP? Are there limits? Yes ( Technical, Environmental) What are the limits? We don’t know
  16. 16. How do we unlock the potential?
  17. 17. FAO Blue Growth Initiative Aim: To contribute to the promotion of sustainable use and conservation of aquatic living resources Four components:  Capture Fisheries  Aquaculture  Ecosystem services contributing to livelihoods, and  Trade/markets/post harvest and social support
  18. 18. Capture Fisheries: Increase, Sunken Billions, CCRF, EAF. Biological management and conservation, business management, political/economic management. Contribution to Blue Growth : - 10 - 20 million tons - USD 50-100 billion annually  Capture fisheries are an important source of food, nutrition, employment and income for millions of people, particularly in remote rural areas  - Capture fisheries face serious challenges:  Degraded environment and ecosystems  Overexploited fish stocks  IUU fishing  Climate change and ocean acidification
  19. 19. • . OECD-FAO Fish Model Projections (2025) Source: OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025 Countries/regions ranked by per capita fish consumption in 2013-15 average. Countries/regions with declined per capita fish consumption highlighted in red. WB-FAO-IFPRI Fish to 2030 Projections Source: World Bank Report on Fish to 2030 (Table 3.7). Countries/regions ranked by per capita fish consumption in 2006. Countries/regions with declined per capita fish consumption highlighted in red Country/ region Fish Demand (2030) Total fish prod. (2012, mil. tonne) S-D gap 2030 (col. 4 minus col. 3) kg/cap. Total (mil. tonne) WORLD 29.1 261.2 156.5 -104.7 S.S. Africa 10.8 15.1 6.9 -8.2 L.A. & C. 12.2 18.3 14.8 -3.4 N. Africa 12.9 3.7 2.8 -0.8 Europe 27.3 23.4 16.0 -7.4 N. America 29.8 12.9 6.7 -6.1 Oceania 31.9 1.8 1.4 -0.3 Asia 37.0 186.3 107.8 -78.5 Future fish supply and demand projections FAO/FI Fish Supply-Demand Gap Projections Source: Estimation of FI/FAO (preliminary results) Main assumptions: 1) Per capita fish demand affected by income growth. 2) Fish price unchanged. 3) Preference over fish unchanged 49.1 47.2 31.7 24.3 26.4 22.2 16.7 12.2 9.1 6.7 21.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Japan China Australia and New Zealand North America Asia and Oceania dev.ing Europe Northern Africa Latin America & Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa India WORLD 2025
  20. 20. Aquaculture: GAAP, EAA, biological management and conservation (incl. bio-security), business management, planning and regulatory implementation Contribution to Blue Growth: • 50-100 million tonnes a year
  21. 21. Trade/markets/post harvest and social support: Waste reduction, non-food v. food utilization, customs tariff issues, most traded, social complexities in Small Scale Fisheries. Contribution to Blue growth: • From non-food: 10 million tonnes • From waste food: 15 million tonnes
  22. 22. Other or “novel” ecosystem services: Mangroves, storm/wave bulwarks, sea-grass carbon sequestration and UN-REDD, greater symbiosis with crops (rice etc./fish production, fertilizer/pesticide runoffs), tourism (nature, culinary, culture), salt beds, algae and phytoplankton primary production. Contribution to Blue Growth: The sky’s the limit !!!
  23. 23. …”in cod we trust”…..but Source: Statistics Iceland 1981: catch of 460 th.tn 1984 quota system 2008: catch of 151 th.tn. 263 thousand.tn: average catch 1945-2014 2014:catch of 238 th.tn.
  24. 24. Implementation of research outcomes creates impact
  25. 25. State of World Marine Fish Stocks
  26. 26. Where is the potential?
  27. 27. Pathways SCIENCE INFORMATION POLICY PROJECTS SCALING UP INVESTMENTS
  28. 28. Global Policy and Trade Session: Outlook for world seafood trade 2030 prospects and challenges, 1st March 2016, Bergen, Norway http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/global-policy-and-trade-session-outlook-for-world-seafood-trade-2030-prospects-and-challenges Combatting IUU Fishing through the implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement and other instruments , 15th February 2016, London, United Kingdom http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/combatting-iuu-fishing-through-the-implementation-of-the-port-state-measures-agreement-and-other- instruments Celebrating 20 Years of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries 153rd Session FAO Council , Rome, 30 November - 4 December 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/celebrating-20-years-of-the-code-of-conduct-for-responsible-fisheries-presentation-under-fao-council- 153rd-session-rome-30-november-4-december-2015 International Trade in Fish and Fish Production“Foro Económico de Pesca y Acuacultura 2015”Mexico City 26-27 November 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/international-trade-in-fish-and-fish-production Workshop on the Climate Change’s Impact, Boracay Islands, Philippines 9th May 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQ-fS2TZX_Y Blue bio-economy - unlocking the potential of seas and oceans, International Conference Growth in Blue Bio-economy, FAROE ISL ANDS • 2-3 JUNE 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/rniMatthiasMathiesen/blue-bio-economy-unlocking-the-potential-of-seas-and-oceans Outlook for Fish Trade 2030, 10th North Atlantic Seafood Conference, Bergen, 4-5 March 2015 http://www.slideshare.net/FAOoftheUN/outlook-for-fish-trade-2030-10th-north-atlantic-seafood-conference-bergen-45-march- 2015?ref=http://www.fao.org/fishery/DirectorsMedia/en Future Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture and their contribution to preserving food security, Lima, Peru, 24 February 2015 Future Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture and their contribution to preserving food security - YouTube Presentations
  29. 29. Takk !ً‫شكرا‬ Mèsi Merci! Thank you! Obrigado! !Gracias Asante sana

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