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Addressing climate change impact on responsible governance of tenure

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The presentation provides an overview of the linkages between climate change and land tenure.

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Addressing climate change impact on responsible governance of tenure

  1. 1. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Natalia Alekseeva, Team Leader for National Climate Change Action Rima Al Azar, Team Leader on International Climate Governance Climate and Environment Division Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  2. 2. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Addressing Climate Change impact on responsible governance of tenure “Although the linkages between climate change and land tenure are complex and indirect, the effects of climate change and variability are felt through changes in natural ecosystems, land capability and land use systems. Increasingly, these changes will place diminishing supplies of land under greater pressure, for both productive use and human settlement. As a result land issues and policies should be key considerations for adaptation planning, so as to strengthen land tenure and management arrangements in at risk environments, and secure supplies and access arrangements for land for resettlement and changing livelihood demands. Given the increases in mobility, migration and land competition that are likely to result from climate change, and the fact that the poor will be disproportionately affected, there is a general need to strengthen the governance arrangements over land based natural resources on which the poor and vulnerable depend. This means not only paying attention to lands issues in climate change mitigation planning but ensuring that land tenure and land use management have central places in sustained efforts to improve the governance frameworks for both rural and urban development. “ CLIMATE CHANGE AND LAND TENURE: THE IMPLICATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE FOR LAND TENURE AND LAND POLICY, Julian Quan with Nat Dyer, FAO, 2008
  3. 3. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme The state of food security and climate change • After a prolonged decline, in 2016 the number of chronically undernourished people in the world increased to 815 million, up from 777 million in 2015. • Exacerbated by climate-related shocks, conflicts seriously affect food security and are a cause of much of the recent increase in food insecurity.
  4. 4. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Strategy on Climate Change Climate change is a top corporate priority for FAO. Through this newly-endorsed (2017) Strategy on Climate Change, FAO aims to enhance the institutional and technical capacities of Member States, improve the integration of food security, agriculture, forestry and fisheries within the international climate agenda and strengthen the internal coordination and delivery of FAO’s work. Three outcomes frame FAO’s Climate Change Strategy and Plan of Action:  Enhanced capacities of Member Nations on climate change through FAO leadership as a provider of technical knowledge and expertise.  Improved integration of food security, agriculture, forestry and fisheries within the international agenda on climate change through reinforced FAO engagement.  Strengthened coordination and delivery of FAO work on climate change.
  5. 5. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Updates on the UNFCCC processes COP17 - COP23 • Koronivia joint work on agriculture (4/CP.23): The first decision on agriculture since COP17 in Durban (2011). • The decision requests the 2 subsidiary bodies (SBI - implementation and SBSTA - scientific and technological advice) to work together on addressing issues related to agriculture over the next 3 years.
  6. 6. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Koronivia: topics Parties and observers submit, by 31 March 2018, their views on elements to be included in the work starting with but not limited to the following: (a) Modalities for implementation of the outcomes of the five in-session workshops on issues related to agriculture and other future topics that may arise from this work; (b) Methods and approaches for assessing adaptation, adaptation co-benefits and resilience; (c) Improved soil carbon, soil health and soil fertility under grassland and cropland as well as integrated systems, including water management; (d) Improved nutrient use and manure management towards sustainable and resilient agricultural systems; (e) Improved livestock management systems; (f) Socioeconomic and food security dimensions of climate change in the agricultural sector.
  7. 7. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Koronivia: support from the FAO and submissions FAO hosted a dialogue for agriculture negotiators in Rome in March 2018, to help lay the ground for the SB 48 negotiations. FAO also made its submission of views on the six topics of the KJWA in March 2018, highlighting support available and recommendations for the way forward. Parties, observers, and non-admitted entities made submissions under the KJWA. FAO’s TNCC commissioned a summary analysis of all submissions made, which was presented in draft and reviewed during SB 48. The final summary is forthcoming.
  8. 8. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme UNFCCC upcoming COP 24: Presidency Priorities  Seven thematic areas: land use, oceans, water, industry, energy, transport, and human settlements.  Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):  SDG 12 – Responsible Production and Consumption.  SDG 8 & 9 – Decent Work and Economic Growth and Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure.  Presidency’s focus areas for 2018: forests and soils innovation, and transition from brown to green industry.
  9. 9. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Adapting to climate change: integrating agriculture and food security concerns into National Adaptation Plans (NAP) FAO supports countries on the integration of agriculture and food security concerns into National Adaptation Plans (NAP)/ adaptation planning and budgeting processes. In particular, CBC: • Supports countries in NAPs negotiation during UNFCCC sessions; • supports countries in the UNFCCC work streams and with Expert Groups including on regional trainings and outreach and knowledge sharing; • supports overall 29 developing countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America at the national and sub-national level to integrate agriculture and food security in NAPs as instrument to for implementing Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); • drafted voluntary NAP guidelines on integrating agriculture, forestry and fisheries and genetic diversity into National Adaptation Plans (NAPs); • supports countries to access NAP GCF readiness funds and to draft GCF full project concepts including adaptation planning and budgeting aspects. Flagship- Programme: “Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag) a joint FAO UNDP Partnership Programme to support NAPs in 11 countries. - USD 17 million until 2018
  10. 10. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Mitigation of climate change: addressing GHGs emissions in agriculture Mitigation work includes developing the knowledge base and sharing information on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options in agriculture and land use; • Developing and maintaining the global database of national greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and other land use, integrated into FAOSTAT • Improving country capacity to respond to the Enhanced Transparency Framework of the Paris Agreement and to the UNFCCC reporting requirements; • Supports the development of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs); • Supports countries in the preparation and implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); • Supports national GHG inventories, BURs and formulating NAMAs in partnership with REDD+ in FAO’s Forestry Department;
  11. 11. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Integrating both under Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions ((i)NDCs) are the national policy framework countries will use to communicate their climate commitments and report on progress to the international community (UNFCCC, Paris Agreement) CBC’s Global/normative work • Global and regional analysis of (I)NDC commitments in the agriculture sectors • Identification of priorities for international support • Partnerships to enhance NDC implementation support for the agriculture sectors, in particular in the NDC Partnership Planned country support • Preparation and updating of NDCs • Analysis agriculture commitments and align implementation with existing policy frameworks and investment plans • Technical capacity development for NDC implementation • Leveraging finance to implement NDC commitments • Reporting in line with commitments under the Paris Agreement
  12. 12. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme NDCs timelines
  13. 13. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Climate change and governance&tenure Impact of climate change and governance of land tenure, fisheries and forests is a two way street: • Climate change impact on governance: with climate change fish are migrating north, how does this impact the governance of fisheries? With climate change, people are migrating in search of natural resources (water, land to cultivate), how does this impact the governance of these resources? • Impact of governance on climate change: how does the governance of land tenure and forests impact (in a positive and negative way) climate change and deforestation? Is there a difference between different tenure systems (individual versus communal) Climate change action and planning such as NDCs, NAPs and other elements should take into account land governance and tenure issues to address possible challenges as early as possible; And vice versa land governance and tenure should clearly evaluate the CC impacts and address climate change in order to ensure integration and long-term development frameworks.
  14. 14. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Questions for the working groups: • What are the examples of climate change and land governance&tenure issues and interaction in your countries? • How could they be linked and addressed in the most efficient and harmonized way? • What kind of support would you need/what could FAO do to help you?
  15. 15. Thank you! 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018

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