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Addressing agriculture, forestry and fisheries in national adaptation plans

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http://www.fao.org/in-action/naps/en/

This presentation by Julia Wolf, FAO Coordinator for the joint FAO-UNDP NAP-Ag, was held during a FAO/FTA consultation on “Supplementary guidelines for addressing forestry and agroforestry in National Adaptation Plans”, 2 May 2018 in Bonn, Germany.

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Addressing agriculture, forestry and fisheries in national adaptation plans

  1. 1. ADDRESSING AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES IN NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANS Julia Wolf | Natural Resources Officer | FAO Wednesday, 02 May – Bonn, Germany
  2. 2. KEY ISSUES FOR AGRICULTURE
  3. 3. The world’s population is expected to grow to almost 10 billion by 2050, boosting agricultural demand – in a scenario of modest economic growth – by some 50 percent compared to 2013. Around 700 million people, most of them living in rural areas, are still extremely poor today. * Of 189 countries that submitted NDCs by July 2016 Almost 800 million people are chronically hungry and 2 billion suffer micronutrient deficiencies. Food and agriculture – trends and challenges FAO, 2016. The agriculture sectors in the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions: Analysis. www.fao.org/3/ai5687e.pdf
  4. 4. COP 21 Paris Agreement Global Adaptation Goal GCF Funds From fragmentation to coordination and integration of adaptation 2001 2005 COP 11: Establishment of Nairobi Work Programme (NWP) 2007 2010 COP 7: Packages of decisions for LDC´s: •Addressing urgent and immediate adaptation needs through NAPAs •Establishment of the LDC work programme, including the NAPAs • Establishment of the LEG •Establishment of the LDCF COP 13 Bali Action Plan: Long-term and cooperative action by Parties initiated COP 16 Cancun Adaptation Framework •New institutional structures and processes established to address adaptation in a coordinated and coherent manner Adaptation Committee National adaptation plans Work programme on loss and damage COP 19: NAP Process •Emphasis on undertaking the national adaptation plan process •Encourages sector specific technical guidelines •Establishment of the Global Support Programme 2013 2015 COP 22 Marrakech Partnership 2016 COP 23: Koronivia joint work on Ag •GCF launches SAP – 10 million projects •Germany provides 50mil to Adaptation Fund •Gender Action Plan •Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) Trust Fund Sendai Framework for DRR 2015-2030 Adaptation under the UNFCCC
  5. 5. National Adapation Plan (NAP) - 2010 – National Adaptation Plan (NAP) was established in 2010, under the Cancun Adaptation Framework. – The NAP process enables Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans (NAPs) as a means of identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs. The objectives of the NAP process are:  To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;  To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate.
  6. 6. COP 23 outcomes relevant to NAPs The Gender Action Plan, which highlights the role of women in climate action and promotes gender equality in the process. A historic decision entitled Koronivia joint work on agriculture was adopted by this year’s international climate conference, COP23, recognizing the importance of agriculture in responding to climate change.  The Green Climate Fund launched the Simplified Approvals Process (SAP). The new process simplifies applications for certain small-scale projects of up to USD 10 million GCF funding. The Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) Trust Fund was established at COP21 to strengthen the institutional and technical capacities of developing countries to meet the enhanced transparency requirements.  Germany pledged 50 million euros to the Adaptation Fund. Another 50 million euros of German funding was pledged to the Least Developed Countries Fund to further support the development of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).
  7. 7. INTEGRATING AGRICULTURE IN NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANS (NAP-AG) Flagship programme to address the agriculture sectors in NAPS
  8. 8. Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Flagship Programme Objective | To identify and address climate change adaptation measures for the agriculture sectors in relevant national planning and budgeting processes through the formulation and implementation of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP). Global Programme Budget: USD 17 million Donor | BMUB Partner | UNDP Supporting Countries on NAPs (11): Colombia, Gambia, Guatemala, Kenya, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam and Zambia
  9. 9. Key activities include supporting countries: Develop integrated adaptation approach and roadmap for national adaptation plans Strengthen gender-responsive adaptation planning for the agriculture sectors; Define a baseline on adaptation and improve evidence-based results in the agriculture sector; Strengthen technical and institutional capacity on cost-benefit analysis, impact evaluation, gender mainstreaming, and monitoring and evaluation; Identify climate finance for adaptation/GCF; and Enhance regional and global dialogues through peer-to-peer exchanges Globally advocating: Integration of agriculture and food security in NAPs as instrument to for implementing NDCs and achieving SDG 2 “Zero Hunger” and SDG 13 “Climate Action”; NAPs negotiation during UNFCCC sessions; and Country support in the UNFCCC work streams and with Expert Groups including on regional trainings and outreach and knowledge sharing. NAP-Ag Key activities
  10. 10. MOOC and Toolkit - National Adaptation Plans: Building Climate Resilience in Agriculture Programme Overviews Country Case Studies Supplementary Guidelines to the NAP Technical Guidelines Brochure available in English, Spanish and French Now available in English, Spanish and French Upcoming in 2018! Gender Training Package Manual on Impact Evaluation Guidance Note on Systems-level M&E Frameworks for Adaptation & Agriculture Handbook on Agriculture and Adaptation Thematic Case Studies Briefing notes NAP-Ag Knowledge Tank
  11. 11. GUIDELINES Supplementary guidance to support the agriculture sectors in NAPs
  12. 12. Supplementary Guidelines Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans NAP-Ag Guidelines Available in English, French and Spanish.
  13. 13. Target groups Non-Ag SpecialistsNon-Ag Specialists Ag SpecialistsAg Specialists 11 22 National planners and decision–makers working on climate change National planners and decision–makers working on climate change Authorities and experts of the agriculture sectorsAuthorities and experts of the agriculture sectors 13  20 International agencies  15 Countries  UNFCCC/LEG  20 International agencies  15 Countries  UNFCCC/LEG Peer review
  14. 14. Application of the NAP-Ag Guidelines 11 NAP-Ag countries use the guidelines to plan activities layed out as part of the NAP Process Feedback from NAP Expo 2018: key source for learning key entry points for agriculture, but also for cross-sectorial issues Supporting the development of workplans for addressing agriculture in NAPs
  15. 15. Addressing forestry and agroforestry in NAPs Supplementary guidelines For actors in the forestry sector who may have little knowledge of the overall NAP process and little interaction with other sectors. For actors in the forestry sector who may have little knowledge of the overall NAP process and little interaction with other sectors. For people engaged in the NAP process (overseeing the process or dealing with other specific sectors) who may have little or no knowledge of forests For people engaged in the NAP process (overseeing the process or dealing with other specific sectors) who may have little or no knowledge of forests Nicaragua ©FAO/Lou Dematteis Agroforestry (dagame trees, pasturage, buffalo). ©FAO/A. Brack Target Audience
  16. 16.  Importance of forests and trees for adaptation Importance of forests and trees for adaptation  Need and how to integrate forest and trees in NAPs. Need and how to integrate forest and trees in NAPs.  Need to integrate adaptation of forests in NAPs. Need to integrate adaptation of forests in NAPs.  To support NAP practitioners in integrating forest and trees in NAPs. To support NAP practitioners in integrating forest and trees in NAPs.  To support the actors in the forestry and agriculture sectors to engage and contribute to the process, at national, economy wide, level and both locally and in their sector/value chain  To support the actors in the forestry and agriculture sectors to engage and contribute to the process, at national, economy wide, level and both locally and in their sector/value chain Agroforestry Cooperative in El Paraiso Area. Worker extracting resin from a pine tree ©FAO/Giuseppe Bizzarri / FAO Purpose
  17. 17. Thank you! UNDP-FAO NAP-Ag Programme Julia.Wolf@fao.org and Rohini.Kohli@undp.org

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